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Detmold

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Main Births etc
Detmold
Detmold Schloss01
The princely castle.
COA Detmold



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Detmold
Coordinates 51°56′N 8°53′E / 51.93333, 8.88333Coordinates: 51°56′N 8°53′E / 51.93333, 8.88333
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Detmold Region
District Lippe District
Town subdivisions 26
Mayor Rainer Heller (SPDWp globe tiny)
Basic statistics
Area 129.39 km2 (49.96 sq mi)
Elevation 134 m  (440 ft)
Population 72,758 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 562 /km2 (1,456 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate LIP
Postal codes 32701–32760
Area codes 05231/05232
Website www.detmold.de

Detmold (German pronunciation: [ˈdɛtmɔlt]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 74,000. It was the capital of the small Principality of Lippe from 1468 until 1918 and then of the Free State of Lippe until 1947. Today it is the administrative center of Lippe District and of Regierungsbezirk Detmold.

HistoryEdit

Middle AgesEdit

Detmold was first mentioned in 783 as Theotmalli, and in 1005 a Tietmelli or Theotmalli region (Gau) is referred to in documents. In 1263, Bernard III of Lippe fortified the settlement at the crossing of the trade route from Paderborn to Lemgo over the Werre River with stone walls and granted it a municipal charter. Its population was reported in 1305 as 305. Market rights granted in 1265 led to rapid economic development. Its defenses were greatly strengthened after severe damage had been inflicted on the town during the conflict with Soest in 1447. A major fire in 1547 destroyed more than 70 houses.

Detmold-Kupferstich-Merian

Engraving of a view of the town of Detmold by Matthäus Merian, 1647

In 1550, Detmold became the permanent residence of Count Simon III of Lippe. The counts were elevated to princes in 1789, and Detmold remained the capital of the small Principality of Lippe until the end of the First World War in 1918, when all princely states in Germany were abolished.

Modern eraEdit

Street lighting was introduced in 1809, with oil-fired lanterns. By 1835, the town had become the most populous in Lippe, with over 4,000 residents. It grew to 12,000 in 1900 and over 30,000 in 1950.

From 1919 to 1947, Detmold was the capital of the Free State of Lippe. When Lippe was incorporated into the new German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the town became the seat of the Lippe district, and since 1972 it is the seat of the county administration of Lippe. With the administrative reform of 1970, 25 nearby villages were incorporated into the city.

Main sightsEdit

Hiddeser Bent

Hiddeser Bent, moor near Donoper Teich

Hs-owl dt

Building on the Campus Detmold of the Hochschule OWL (2010)

Markt mit Rathaus

Market and town hall.

CultureEdit

The town supports the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie for regular symphony concerts.

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Detmold is twinned with:

Personalities Edit

Ferdinand Freiligrath Hasenclever

Ferdinand Freiligrath

Well-known personalities born in Detmold include:

Important people who lived and worked in Detmold for a long time include:

Amongst the honorary citizens of Detmold, besides politicians are scientists and artists who have served in Detmold. The best-known are the builder of the Hermannsdenkmal, Ernst von Bandel (1871), Reich Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck (1895), and Reich President, Paul von Hindenburg (1917).

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Detmold. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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