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Dmitri Olgierdovich of Bryansk (also known as Dmitri I Starshy or Dmitri of Bryansk (Lithuanian: Dmitrijus Algirdaitis, died on 12 August 1399 in the Battle of the Vorskla River) was the second eldest son of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his first wife Maria of Vitebsk. He was Prince of Bryansk from 1356 to 1379 and from 1388 to 1399.[1]

In 1356 Algirdas took region of Bryansk, which included Trubetsk and Starodub, from the Principality of Smolensk and gave it his son Dmitri to govern it.[2] The territory was in far north east from the heartlands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and bordered the Grand Principality of Moscow. In 1370 Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Prince of Moscow, unsuccessfully attempted to conquer the territory. In 1372 Dmitri witnessed Treaty of Lyubutsk between Algirdas and Dmitri Donskoi.[1]

After his father's death in 1377 Dmitri supported his elder brother Andrei of Polotsk against their younger half-brother Jogaila, who became the Grand Duke of Lithuania. Andrei of Polotsk, believing that he is the rightful heir to the throne, organized an anti-Lithuanian coalition, which included Polotsk, Pskov, Livonian Order, and Grand Principality of Moscow.[3] Dmitri took a more passive role in the coalition: he did not wage a direct war against Lithuania and did not defend his domain when it was attacked by the army of the Grand Principality of Moscow in 1379.[2] Dmitri and his family followed retreating Russian army into Moscow where Dmitri Donskoi granted him Pereslavl-Zalessky. In 1380 Dmitri led a Russian army in the Battle of Kulikovo against the Golden Horde. Russian chronicles praise his and his brother's tactical skills.[2]

After 1380 Dmitri is mentioned in written sources only twice.[2] After his brother Andrei of Polotsk was captured by Skirgaila's forces and imprisoned in Poland, Dmitri reconciled with Jogaila, now King of Poland, in 1388. He returned to his former domain in Bryansk. Dmitri died in 1399 in the Battle of the Vorskla River against the Golden Horde.[1]

Dmitri's son Mikhail Dmitriyevich of Trubetsk is considered to be the ancestor of the Trubetskoy family.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d (Lithuanian) Matulevičius, Algirdas (2004). "Dmitrijus Algirdaitis". In Vytautas Spečiūnas. Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 53. ISBN 5-420-01535-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d (Lithuanian) Jonynas, Ignas (1933–1944). "Dimitras". In Vaclovas Biržiška. Lietuviškoji enciklopedija. VI. Kaunas: Spaudos Fondas. pp. 912–914. 
  3. ^ (Lithuanian) Jonynas, Ignas (1933–1944). "Andrius". In Vaclovas Biržiška. Lietuviškoji enciklopedija. I. Kaunas: Spaudos Fondas. pp. 575–585. 



Children


Offspring of Dmitri Olgierdovich of Polotsk and Anna Ivanovna of Drutsk (c1335-c1375)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Gleb Dmitriyevich of Bryansk (c1358-c1394) 1358 1394
Andrei Dmitriyevich of Trubetsk (c1360-1399) 1360 12 August 1399
Mikhail Dmitriyevich of Trubetsk (c1362-c1405) 1362 1405
Ivan Dmitriyevich Kindyr of Trubetsk (c1365-1399) 1365 12 August 1399
Persondata
NAME Dmitri Olgierdovich of Bryansk
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Dmitri I Starshy
Dmitri of Bryansk
SHORT DESCRIPTION
DATE OF BIRTH 1330
PLACE OF BIRTH
DATE OF DEATH 12 August 1399
PLACE OF DEATH
Dmitri Olgierdovich
Born: c1330 Died: 12 Aug. 1351
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Roman Mikhailovich
Prince of Bryansk
c1370–c1375
Succeeded by
Roman Mikhailovich
Preceded by
Roman Mikhailovich
Prince of Bryansk
1390–1399
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Prince of Trubetsk
1357-1379
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Prince of Pereyaslavl-Ryazansk
1379-1388
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Prince of Starodub
1379-1388
Succeeded by
'