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Earl of Surrey

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The Earl of Surrey is a title in the Peerage of England, and has been created five times. It was first created for William de Warenne, a close companion of William the Conqueror. It is currently held as a subsidiary title by the Dukes of Norfolk.

History Edit

The Earldom of Surrey was first created in 1088 for William de Warenne, as a reward for loyal service to William during the Conquest. He received the lordship of Reigate Castle in Surrey, but also had holdings in twelve other counties. Perhaps because he held little property in Surrey, the earldom came to be more commonly called of Warenne. The name Warenne comes from the name of their property in Normandy where the family's ancestral castle, Bellencombre, was located on the Varenne River.

It was held by William de Warenne's son and grandson, both also named William, and then by the husbands of Isabella, daughter of the third William de Warenne. The first of these was William of Blois, son of King Stephen, and the second was Hamelin, half-brother of Henry II. The latter took the de Warenne surname, and a son, grandson, and great-great-grandson of Hamelin and Isabella subsequently held the earldom.

With the failure of the second de Warenne male line in 1347, the earldom passed to Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, who was a nephew of the last de Warenne earl, although he did not assume the title until after the death of the previous earl's widow in 1351. It was also held by his son, who forfeited it upon his execution in 1397.

John Holland, who was a grandson of the first Fitzalan earl of Surrey, was then created Duke of Surrey. He held the title for 2 years until he was stripped of it by Henry IV, who restored the earldom to the Fitzalans. The restored earl died in 1415 without male heirs, whereupon the earldom of Surrey became either extinct or abeyant (authorities disagree on this), while the earldom of Arundel passed to his 1st cousin once removed, who was great-grandson of the 9th Earl of Surrey (and consequently also descended from the de Warennes).

The title was revived several times during the 15th century, for John de Mowbray in 1451, and then for Richard of Shrewsbury in 1477. Both died without issue, leaving the title extinct once more.

In 1483 the title was revived for Thomas Howard, who later became Duke of Norfolk, and it has been held by this family ever since (with some breaks during which their titles were forfeited but later restored). The Dukes of Norfolk quarter the de Warrenne arms on their coat of arms. The 4th earl of this creation also inherited the earldom of Arundel, thus re-uniting the two earldoms.

William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey was granted the Manor of Wakefield by the crown and his descendants, the Earls Warenne, inherited it when he died in 1088. The building of Sandal Castle was begun early in the 12th century by William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (1081–1138) who was granted the Sandal estates in 1107 and it became the stronghold of the manor. A second castle was built at Lawe Hill on the north side of the Calder but was abandoned. Wakefield formed the caput of an extensive baronial holding that extended to Cheshire and Lancashire and was held by the Warennes until the 14th century, when it passed to Warenne heirs.


Earls of SurreyEdit

  Father Mother Titles
William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey (1055-1088) Rodulf II de Warenne (1030-1074) Emma Torta de Pont-Audemer (1020-1059) 1st Earl of Surrey
William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (1080-1138) William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey (1055-1088) Gundred (1053-1085) 2nd Earl of Surrey
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (1120-1148) William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (1080-1138) Elizabeth de Vermandois (c1081-1131) 3rd Earl of Surrey
Hamelin de Warenne (c1129-1202) Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151) 4th Earl of Surrey jure uxoris
Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey (1130-1202) William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (1120-1148) Adele de Ponthieu (c1119-1174) Countess of Surrey
William of Blois (c1137-1159) Stephen of England (c1095-1154) Matilda de Boulogne (1105-1152) Count of Boulogne
4th Earl of Surrey jure uxoris
William de Warenne (1166-1240) Hamelin de Warenne (c1129-1202) Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey (1130-1202) 5th Earl of Surrey
John de Warenne (1231-1304) William de Warenne (1166-1240) Maud Marshal (1192-1248) 6th Earl of Surrey
John de Warenne (1286-1347) William de Warenne (1256-1286) Joane de Vere (c1261-) 7th Earl of Surrey
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c1313-1376) Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (1285-1326) Alice de Warenne (1287-1338) 10th Earl of Arundel
8th Earl of Surrey
Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346-1397) Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c1313-1376) Eleanor Plantagenet (c1318-1372) 11th Earl of Arundel
9th Earl of Surrey
Thomas Holland (1374-1400) Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1354-1397) Alice FitzAlan (c1350-1416) 1st Duke of Surrey
Earl of Kent
Earl Marshal
Thomas FitzAlan (1381-1415) Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346-1397) Elizabeth de Bohun (c1350-1385) 12th Earl of Arundel
10th Earl of Surrey
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1443-1524) John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk (c1420-1485) Catherine Moleyns (1424-1465) 2nd Duke of Norfolk
1st Earl of Surrey
Earl Marshal
John de Mowbray (1444-1476) John de Mowbray (1415-1461) Eleanor Bourchier 4th Duke of Norfolk
7th Earl of Norfolk
5th Earl of Nottingham
1st Earl of Surrey
10th Baron Mowbray
11th Baron Segrave
Earl Marshal
Richard, 1st Duke of York (1473-c1483) Edward IV of England (1442-1483) Elizabeth Woodville (c1437-1492) 1st Duke of York
1st Duke of Norfolk
1st Earl of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
Earl of Nottingham
Earl of Warenne
Thomas Howard (1473-1554) Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1443-1524) Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey (bef1445-1497) 3rd Duke of Norfolk
2nd Earl of Surrey
Earl Marshal
Thomas Howard (1536-1572) Henry Howard (1517-1547) Frances de Vere (c1516-1577) 4th Duke of Norfolk
4th Earl of Surrey
Earl Marshal
Thomas Howard (1585-1646) Philip Howard (1557-1595) Anne Dacre (1557-1630) 21st Earl of Arundel
11th Earl of Surrey
1st Earl of Norfolk
Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel (1608-1652) Thomas Howard (1585-1646) Alethea Talbot (1585-1654) 22nd Earl of Arundel
12th Earl of Surrey
2nd Earl of Norfolk
Thomas Howard (1627-1677) Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel (1608-1652) Elizabeth Stuart (1610-1674) 5th Duke of Norfolk
23rd Earl of Arundel
13th Earl of Surrey
3rd Earl of Norfolk
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave
Baron Maltravers
Baron Furnivall
Henry Howard (1628-1684) Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel (1608-1652) Elizabeth Stuart (1610-1674) 6th Duke of Norfolk
24th Earl of Arundel
14th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave
Baron Maltravers
Baron Furnivall
Henry Howard (1655-1701) Henry Howard (1628-1684) Anne Somerset 7th Duke of Norfolk
25th Earl of Arundel
15th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave
Baron Maltravers
Baron Furnivall
Thomas Howard (1683-1732) Thomas Howard (1662-1689) Mary Saville Earl Marshal
8th Duke of Norfolk
26th Earl of Arundel
16th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave
Baron Maltravers
Baron Furnivall
Edward Howard (1685-1777) Thomas Howard (1662-1689) Mary Saville Earl Marshal
9th Duke of Norfolk
27th Earl of Arundel
17th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave
Baron Maltravers
Baron Furnivall
Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk (1765-1842) Henry Howard (1713-1787) Juliane Molyneux (1749-1808) Earl Marshal
12th Duke of Norfolk
30th Earl of Arundel
20th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk (1720-1786) Henry Charles Howard (c1668-1720) Mary Aylward (c1670-1747) Earl Marshal
10th Duke of Norfolk
28th Earl of Arundel
18th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Charles Howard (1746-1815) Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk (1720-1786) Catherine Brockholes (bef1724-1784) Earl Marshal
11th Duke of Norfolk
29th Earl of Arundel
19th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Henry C. Howard (1791-1856) Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk (1765-1842) Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819) Earl Marshal
13th Duke of Norfolk
31th Earl of Arundel
21st Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Henry G. Fitzalan-Howard (1815-1860) Henry C. Howard (1791-1856) Charlotte S. Leveson-Gower Earl Marshal
Chief Butler of England
14th Duke of Norfolk
32th Earl of Arundel
22nd Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Henry Fitzalan-Howard (1847-1917) Henry G. Fitzalan-Howard (1815-1860) Augusta M.M.C. Lyons (1821-1886) Earl Marshal
Chief Butler of England
15th Duke of Norfolk
33th Earl of Arundel
23rd Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Philip J.M. Fitzalan-Howard (1879-1902) Henry Fitzalan-Howard (1847-1917) Flora P.H.B. Abney-Hastings 34th Earl of Arundel
24th Earl of Surrey
Bernard M. Fitzalan-Howard (1908-1975) Henry Fitzalan-Howard (1847-1917) Gwendolen Constable-Maxwell (1877-1945) Earl Marshal
Chief Butler of England
16th Duke of Norfolk
35th Earl of Arundel
25th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers
Lord Herries of Terregles
Edward W. Fitzalan-Howard (1956-) Miles F. Fitzalan-Howard (1915-2002) Anne M.T. Constable-Maxwell 18th Duke of Norfolk
36th Earl of Arundel
26th Earl of Surrey
Earl of Norfolk
5th Baron Howard of Glossop
Baron Beaumont
Baron Maltravers
Baron Clun
Baron Fitzalan
Baron Oswaldestre
Earl Marshal
Hereditary Marshal of England
Chief Butler of England
Henry M. Fitzalan-Howard (1987-) Edward W. Fitzalan-Howard (1956-) Georgina S. Gore (1962-) 37th Earl of Arundel
27th Earl of Surrey
Baron Maltravers


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Earl of Surrey. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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