- 14th Patriarch of Genesis
- Ancestor of Semetic Races
Eber (עֵבֶר, ISO 259-3 ʕeber, Standard Hebrew Éver, Tiberian Hebrew ʻĒḇer, Arabic ʿĀbir) is an ancestor of the Israelites and the Ishmaelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in Genesis 10-11 and 1 Chronicles 1.
Eber was a great-grandson of Noah's son Shem and the father of Peleg born when Eber was 34 years old, and of Joktan. He was the son of Shelah a distant ancestor of Abraham. According to the Hebrew Bible, Eber died at the age of 464 (Genesis 11:14-17) when Jacob was 79.
In the Septuagint, Eber's (῞Εβερ) father is called Sala (Σαλά). His son is called Phaleg (Φαλέγ), born when Heber was 134 years old, and he had other sons and daughters. Heber lived to an age of 404 years. (Septuagint Genesis 11:14-17;)
Genesis 10 Narrative
24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.
25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.
Genesis 11 Narrative
14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:
15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:
17 And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.
Marriage and Family
|Offspring of Eber and unknown parent|
|Peleg ben Eber||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| |
|Joktan ben Eber||Mesopotamia||Mesha, Mesopotamia|
|Offspring of Salah or Shelah and unknown parent|
|Eber ben Shelah||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|