Edward III of England (1312-1377)

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Edward III Plantagenet, King of England, was born 13 November 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom to Edward II of England (1284-1327) and Isabella Capet (c1295-1358) and died 21 June 1377 in Sheen Palace, Surrey, England, United Kingdom of stroke. He married Philippa of Hainaut (1311-1369) 1 January 1328 in York Minster, England, United Kingdom. Notable ancestors include Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany, Portugal, Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Belgium, the Netherlands, Belarus, the Byzantine Empire, Italy, Byzantium.

Edward III Plantagenet became King of England, etc., upon his father's abdication in January 1327. In 1337 he also claimed the title of King of France, although he was never able to make good on the claim. He reigned until his death.

Edward III is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II of England (1284-1327). Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe; his reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He is one of only five British monarchs to have ruled England or its successor kingdoms for more than fifty years.

Edward was crowned at age fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother and her consort Roger Mortimer. At age seventeen he led a successful coup against Mortimer, the de facto ruler of the country, and began his personal reign. After a successful campaign in Scotland he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1337, starting what would become known as the Hundred Years' War.

He ordered his uncle to be beheaded; he usurped his father's throne; he started a war which lasted for more than a hundred years, and taxed his people more than any other previous king. Yet for centuries Edward III was celebrated as the most brilliant king England had ever had, and three hundred years after his death it was said that his kingship was perhaps the greatest that the world had ever known.


Offspring of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainaut (1311-1369)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales (1330-1376) 15 June 1330 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom 8 June 1376 Palace of Westminster, England, United Kingdom Joan of Kent (1328-1385)

Isabella de Coucy (1332-1382) 16 June 1332 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom 1382 England, United Kingdom Enguerrand VII de Coucy (1339-1397)

Joan of England (1335-1348) 19 December 1333 Tower of London, London, England, United Kingdom 1 July 1348 Loremo, Bordeaux, France
William of Hatfield (1337-1337)
Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Belgium 7 October 1368 Alba, Piedmont, Italy Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332-1363)

John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) 6 March 1340 Ghent, East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium 3 February 1399 Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Blanche of Lancaster (1345-1369)
Constance of Castile (1354-1394)
Catherine De Roet (1350-1403)
Marie de St. Hilaire of Hainaut

Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341-1402) 5 June 1341 Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom 1 August 1402 Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom Isabel of Castile (1355-1392)
Joan Holland (1380-1434)

Blanche of England (1342-1342)
Mary of England (1344-1362) 10 October 1344 Waltham, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom December 1362 England, United Kingdom Jean IV de Bretagne (1339-1399)

Margaret of England (1346-1361) 20 July 1346 Windsor, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom 1361 England, United Kingdom John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1347-1375)

William of Windsor (1348-1348)
Thomas of Woodstock (1355-1397) 7 January 1355 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom 9 September 1397 Calais, Brittany, France Eleanor de Bohun (c1366-1399)

Common ancestors of Edward III of England (1312-1377) and Philippa of Hainaut (1311-1369)

  1. Andrew II of Hungary (c1177-1235)
  2. Blanca of Castile (1188-1252)
  3. Béatrice de Savoie (1205-1266)
  4. Béatrix de Savoie (1198-1266)
  5. Isabella of Aragon (1247-1271)
  6. Jaime I de Aragón (1208-1276)
  7. Louis IX Capet (1214-1270)
  8. Louis VIII Capet (1187-1226)
  9. Marguerite de Provence (1221-1295)
  10. Pedro II de Aragón (1174-1213)
  11. Philippe III Capet (1245-1285)
  12. Ramon Berenguer IV de Provence (1195-1245)
  13. Violant of Hungary (c1216-1253)
  14. Yolande de Courtenay (1200-1233)

Sources and notes

‡ General
  • wikipedia:en:Edward III of England
  • Plantagenet Family Line
  • The Plantagenet Ancestry - Being Tables of over 7000 ancestors of Princess Elizabeth by Lt Col Turton, - Google Books
  • The Perfect King - The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation - by Ian Mortimer, Publ 2010 by Random House


  John Kenney, MainTour

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