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Eisleben
Lutherstadt Eisleben Markt.jpg
Wappen Eisleben.png
Coat of arms



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Eisleben
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Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
Admin. region
District Mansfeld-Südharz
Founded
First mentioned
Subdivisions 6
Government
 • Mayor Jutta Fischer
Area
 • Total 143.81 km2 (55.53 sq mi)
Elevation 114 m (374 ft)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 25,489
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06295
Dialling codes 03475
Vehicle registration MSH
Website www.eisleben.eu
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Germany
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 783
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1996  (20th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.

Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is famous as the hometown of Martin Luther, hence its official name is Lutherstadt Eisleben. As of 2005, Eisleben had a population of 24,552. It lies on the Halle–Kassel railway.

Eisleben is divided into old and new towns (Altstadt and Neustadt); the latter of which was created for Eisleben's miners in the 14th century.

Eisleben was the capital of the district Mansfelder Land and is the seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") Lutherstadt Eisleben.

HistoryEdit

Eisleben was first mentioned in 997 as a market called Islebia and in 1180 as a town. It belonged to the counts of Mansfeld until it passed to the Electorate of Saxony in 1780. It was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 and was administered within the Prussian Province of Saxony. It became part of the new state of Saxony-Anhalt after World War II.

Martin LutherEdit

The Protestant reformer Martin Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483. His father, Hans Luther, was a miner like many of Eisleben's citizens. Luther's family moved to Mansfeld when he was only a year old and he lived in Wittenberg most of his life, but by chance he was in Eisleben when he preached his last sermons and died (1546).

Eisleben was a pioneer of "heritage tourism" — it took steps to preserve its Luther memorials as far back as 1689.

Together with the Luther sites in Wittenberg, the "Birth House" and "Death House" of Martin Luther in Eisleben were designated a World Heritage Site in 1997. Also in Eisleben is the St. Peter and Paul Church, where Luther was baptised (the original font survives) and St. Andreas Church, where he preached his last sermons.

PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Eisleben. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.