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Emanuel County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Emanuel County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1812
Seat Swainsboro
Largest city Swainsboro
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

690.33 sq mi (1,788 km²)
685.79 sq mi (1,776 km²)
4.54 sq mi (12 km²), 0.66%
 - (2005)
 - Density

32/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Emanuel County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 21,837. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 22,469.[1] The county seat is Swainsboro.[2]


The County was created on December 10, 1812, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly from land originally in parts of Bulloch and Montgomery counties. Emanuel County is named in honor of former Governor of Georgia David Emanuel.

Portions of Johnson (1858), Jenkins (1905), Toombs (1905), Candler (1914), and Treutlen (1918) counties were taken from Emanuel's original borders.


Emanuel County has had eight courthouses in its nearly 200 years of existence. In the county's early years, the court met at Steven Rich's home. Emanuel County's first courthouse was erected in 1814 and burned in 1841. It wasn't until February 18, 1854, the same day that the city of Swainsboro was formally incorporated, that the county was allowed to build a replacement. In a string of bad luck, this new courthouse burned in 1855 and was replaced by another courthouse, which burned in 1857. Emanuel County's fourth courthouse burned in 1919 and was replaced by a three-story brick structure which, characteristically, burned in 1938. The next courthouse, a two-story marble structure, was built in 1940 and was the first courthouse in Emanuel County's history not to burn down. However, it was poorly built on the previous courthouse's foundation. By the 1990s, the county's offices had outgrown the deteriorated courthouse, moving into office space surrounding the courthouse square. This courthouse was demolished in 2000, leaving only the sheriff's office annex. In the late 1990s, the Emanuel County commissioners purchased the former U.S. Post Office building, which was built in 1936, to serve as a temporary courthouse. In 2000, the county commission purchased land adjacent to the old Post Office to build a new courthouse and sheriff's office. Emanuel County's current courthouse, a large, single story brick structure incorporating the old Post Office building, was completed in 2002, and a city square was built on the former courthouse site with the former sheriff's office renovated to serve as the office for Emanuel County's Chamber of Commerce.[3]


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 690.33 square miles (1,787.9 km2), of which 685.79 square miles (1,776.2 km2) (or 99.34%) is land and 4.54 square miles (11.8 km2) (or 0.66%) is water.[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 21,837 people, 8,045 households, and 5,752 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,419 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.69% White, 33.28% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 2.13% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 3.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,045 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,383, and the median income for a family was $31,113. Males had a median income of $26,605 versus $18,145 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,627. About 21.80% of families and 27.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.70% of those under age 18 and 27.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns Edit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ GeorgiaInfo: Emanuel County Courthouse
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 32°35′N 82°18′W / 32.59, -82.30

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Emanuel County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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