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Erode district
ஈரோடு மாவட்டம்
Periyar District
—  District  —
Bhavani-Kaveri-Sangamam.JPG
Confluence of the Bhavani and Kaveri Rivers



India Tamil Nadu location map
Red pog.svg
Erode district
Coordinates: 11°0′45″N 76°58′17″E / 11.0125, 76.97139Coordinates: 11°0′45″N 76°58′17″E / 11.0125, 76.97139
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
Region Western Tamil Nadu (Kongu Nadu)
Division Coimbatore
District Erode
Metro
Established in 1979
Headquarters Erode
Talukas Erode, Gobichettipalayam
Government
 • Collector Mr C. Kamaraj IAS
Area
 • District 5,692 km2 (2,198 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • District 22,59,608
 • Density 397/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,500,000
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638***
Telephone code 0424/04204/04256/04285/04295
Vehicle registration TN-33/36/56 [2]
Largest city Erode
Sex ratio M-51%/F-49% /
Literacy 72.96%
Lok Sabha seats 3
Vidhan Sabha seats 8
Central location: 11°15′N 77°19′E / 11.25, 77.317
Precipitation 700 millimetres (28 in)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website erode.tn.nic.in

Erode District is a western district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India, with Erode as its headquarters. Until the year 1996, Erode district was called as Periyar District.

Erode District was a part of Coimbatore District until September 17, 1979. Mathematician Ramanujan and social reformer Periyar were from here.

Erode district had a population of 22,59,608 as of 2011. It is 46.25% urbanised as per Census 2001.[3] The district has a literacy rate of 72.96% and is on the rise.

GeographyEdit

Erode street life

Typical streetlife in Erode, capital of Erode district.

The district is bounded by Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka to the north, and by Kaveri River to the east. Across the Kaveri lies Salem, Namakkal and Karur districts. Tirupur District lies immediately to the south, and Coimbatore and the Nilgiris district lies to the west. Erode District is landlocked and is situated at between 10 36” and 11 58” north latitude and between 76 49” and 77 58” east longitude.

The district comprises a long undulating plain, sloping gently towards the Kaveri river in the south-east. Three major tributaries of river Kaveri, the Bhavani, Noyyal and Amaravati, run across the long stretch of mountains in the north. Other significant rivers are Palar in the north and Vatamalaikarai odai and Uppar rivers in the south. The Palar constitutes the boundary between Erode district and Karnataka in the north. The Bhavanisagar dam and Kodiveri dam provide storage facilities and numerous canals along with these rivers provide proper drainage and facilities for irrigation in the district.

Bhavani River Edit

Bhavani rises in the Western Ghats of Silent Valley National Park in Palakkad District of Kerala. It receives the Siruvani River which has the second tastiest water in the world, a perennial stream of Coimbatore District, and gets reinforced by the Kundah river before entering Erode District in Sathyamangalam. Bhavani is more or less a perennial river fed mostly by the southwest monsoon. The northeast monsoon also supplements its water resources. This river runs for over hundred miles through Erode District, traversing Bhavani and Gobichettipalayam taluks. It feeds the Bhavanisagar reservoir, which takes an easterly course after Sathyamangalam taluk. Between Sathyamangalam and Gobichettipalayam lies the Kodiveri Dam, a mini dam constructed for agricultural purposes. Then it flows through Gobichettipalayam and Bhavani taluks before it ultimately joins Kaveri in the island of Bhavani, Tamil Nadu, near Erode, with a holistic tributary river of Amutha Nathi, hence called Tiriveni Sangamam. The place where Bhavani joins with Kaveri River is famous for Sri Sangameshwara Temple of Lord Shiva, where according to the Hindu customs people perform the last rights for deceased near and dears.

Kaveri River Edit

Cauvery at Erode

Kaveri river in Erode district

Kaveri rises in the Western Ghats of Kodagu (Coorg) District, in Karnataka, and is joined by many small tributaries. It runs eastward through Karnataka, and at Hogenakal fall takes a sharp turn, east to south. Before reaching this point, it is joined by its main tributary, the Kabini River. From here it runs towards the southeast, forming the boundary between Bhavani Taluk of Erode District and Tiruchengode Taluk of the neighbouring Namakkal District. The Bhavani River joins the Kaveri at the town of Bhavani.


Noyyal River Edit

Noyyal river is noted for its capricious nature. This is fed mostly by the southwest monsoon but the northeast monsoon brings freshes, and this very often results in floods. In spite of its unpredictable character, the river helps to irrigate considerable areas in Palladam taluk of Coimbatore District and Kangeyam taluk of Erode District.But due to the chemical waste came from tirupur dying factories this river water cannot used for the agriculture.

Amaravati River Edit

Amaravati river rises in the Travancore region of Kerala, and enters Erode District from Udumalaippettai taluk in Coimbatore District. The river flows through Dharapuram and Kangeyam taluk before it joins Kaveri in Karur District.

HillsEdit

Western Ghats traverses across the district giving rise to small hill locks namely:

  • Chennimalai
  • Pachaimalai and Pavazhamalai
  • Perumalmalai
  • Thalavumalai
  • Lakkapuram Hills
  • kaithamalai

Tourist and Pilgrim CentresEdit

Important Tourist Centres

Important Pilgrim Centres

  • Bhavani Sangameswarar Temple, Bhavani
  • Pariyur Kondathu Kaliamman Temple, Amarapaneeswarar Temple and Adinarayana Swamy Temple, Pariyur, Gobichettipalayam
  • Bannari Mariamman Temple, Bannari
  • Periya Mariamman Temple, Erode
  • Thindal Murugan Temple, Erode
  • Cinna Amman and Periya Amman Temple in Mugasi Anuman palli {Vellode-Arachalur via}
  • Balamurugan Temple, Pachaimalai and Muthukumaraswamy Temple, Pavalamalai, Gobichettipalayam
  • Chennimalai Murugan Temple, Chennimalai
  • Magudeswarar Temple, Kodumudi
  • Velayuthaswami Temple and Sri Ponkaliamman Temple, Sivagiri
  • Vijayapuriamman Temple, Vijayamangalam
  • Jain Temple, Vijayamangalam
  • Gurunathaswamy Temple, Anthiyur
  • Badhrakali Amman Temple, Anthiyur
  • Malai Karuppusamy Temple, Anthiyur Colony

ClimateEdit

The climate is mostly dry and characterised by good rainfall. Unlike nearby Coimbatore district, Erode District has dry weather throughout the year except during the monsoons. The Palghat Gap in Western Ghats, which has a moderating effect on the climate of Coimbatore district, does not help in bringing down the dry climate in this area. The cool moist wind that gushes out of the west coast through Palghat gap loses its coolness and becomes dry by the time it crosses Coimbatore district and reaches Erode.

Generally the first two months of the year are pleasant, but in March the temperature begins to rise, which persists till the end of May. The highest temperatures are normally recorded during May. The scanty showers during this period do not provide much relief from the oppressive heat. However, there is an improvement in the climate during the June–August period. During the pre-monsoon period, the temperature reverses its trend. By September the sky gets heavily overcast, although the rains pour down. The northeast monsoon sets in vigorously only during October–November, and by December the rains disappear, rendering the climate clear and cold.

AdministrationEdit

Erode District is separated into 2 revenue divisions

Erode District consists of 5 Taluks


Erode District consists of 6 Municipalities

Selection Grade Municipality:

Grade I Municipality:

Grade II Municipality:

Grade III Municipality:

Erode District is divided between 3 Parliamentary Constituencies

Erode District consists of 8 Assembly Constituencies

EconomyEdit

Agriculture is the most important income source of this district. Paddy, Plantain, Groundnut, cotton, turmeric, coconut and sugarcane are some of the agricultural products. With 43% share, the district is the top turmeric producer in Tamil Nadu.[1]. Erode is also known as "The Turmeric City". Erode District is an important market centre for turmeric, a spice commonly used in curries. Turmeric is also used as a fabric dye. The turmeric is collected from Erode District and from adjoining districts of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, including Mysore. Erode district is also the leading producer of plantain, coconuts and white silk in Tamil Nadu.

Erode rugs

Fabrics, like rugs, made in Erode are famous in India.

Gobichettipalayam is well known for its white silk, plantain and coconut production. The country's first automated silk reeling unit is in Gobichettipalayam.

Erode is also well known for handloom, powerloom textile products and ready-made garments and hence called the powerloom city of India. Products such as cotton sarees, bed spreads, carpets, lungies, printed fabrics, towels, dhotis are marketed there. In mid-2005, Bhavani Jamakkalam (Bhavani Bedsheets) was registered as a Geographical Indication by the Government of India. Nowadays more and more spinning mills which produce yarn for the power loom are set up in and around the town of Erode. Chennimalai is also famous for textiles.

Turmeric-powder

Turmeric powder, used extensively in Indian cuisine

Punjai Puliampatti has the second largest weekly shandy in Tamil Nadu and it is one of the leading tobacco producers in Tamil Nadu. Anthiyur shandy and Modachur shandy are famous for cattle.

TransportationEdit

Erode railway station

Erode railway junction.

The transportation system in the district is already well developed. Erode, being one of the prominent trading centres in the state, is well connected with all modern means of transport except air transport. The district is accessible by both road and rail from the state capital Chennai and other district headquarters.

Rail Transport

Erode junction was a important railway station built by the British to connect the west coast of India to the east coast of India. There is a diesel locomotive shed and an electric locomotive shed for Erode Junction. It is one of the most important railway stations in India. The station code is ED. It has state of the art technology in electrification and was the first electrified link from Chennai with broad gauge conversion. Erode Junction has the distinction of being the Third cleanest railway junction in India, after Bhopal Habibganj Railway Station (Bhopal) and Secunderabad Railway Station (Hyderabad) in India. Both Electric and Diesel Locomotive Sheds have been ISO certified. It also serves as the hub for water filling facilities, food provision and toilet cleaning to all long distance trains that run via Erode. Erode Junction is the junction point between the trains passing towards West/East of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Karnataka with 4 platforms and it one of the busiest railway junctions where many trains passing through. The station is well connected by buses round the clock. There are Five local railway stations in the city.

Road Transport

Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Coimbatore div-II headquartered at Erode originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation(JTC) Ltd services the inter and intra city routes. The Erode division of the TNSTC services the district's road transport needs with a string of local and mofussil (out-of-town) services. The State Express Bus Corporation (SETC) operates express services to Chennai, Coimbatore, Mysore, Cochin, Thrissur, Salem, Bangalore, Pondicherry, Nagapattinam, Vellore, Tirunelveli, and Tirupati. One can get buses from Erode to almost any part of the state. Erode bus stand is the second largest in Tamil Nadu in terms of area after CMBT, Chennai.

Erode brough road

Busiest Arterial Road of the city - Brough Road

TNSTC - ERODE

The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) has a divisional headquarters at Erode. Originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation (JTC), it came into being by bifurcation of the Cheran Transport Corporation (headquartered at Coimbatore). It started functioning from 1 April 1983, with the principal area of operation in the Erode District, parts of Tirupur, Namakkal, Salem and Karur Districts. It was renamed as Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, Erode Limited (Coimbatore Division-II) on 1 July 1997. The fleet strength as on 31 March 2005 was 1218 during the year 2003-2005. It has many depots at various places in the districts are Erode-1, Erode-2, Erode-3, Bhavani, Gobichettipalayam, Anthiyur, Perundurai, Nambiyur, Sathyamangalam, Kavindapadi, Thalavadi, Karur and proposed depots at Kodumudi and Chennimalai.

Distances from ErodeEdit

Sl no Town Distance
(km)
1 Anthiyur 40
2 Bhavani 15
3 Chennampatti 50
4 Chennimalai 35
5 Gobichettipalayam 35
6 Perundurai 20
7 Kodumudi 40
8 Sathyamangalam 65
9 Bhavanisagar 65
10 Thalavadi 120
11 Sivagiri 35
12 Nambiyur 65
13 Arachalur 25
14 Hasanur 125
Highways

National Highways

Proposed Highways

State Highways

Air Transport

Other modes Navigable waterways are available at five places in the district.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Erode district has a population of 2,259,608,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 200th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 397 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,030 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.05 %.[4] Erode has a sex ratio of 992 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 72.96 %.[4]

Communication Edit

The district is also served by an extensive Postal, Telegraph and Telephone networks. It is connected to the rest of the state by subscriber trunk dialing system (STD). The telephone network within the city is also expanding rapidly.

  • Postal Divisions : 2 (Erode, Gobichettipalayam)
  • Head Post offices : 3 (Erode, Bhavani and Gobichettipalayam)
  • Other Post offices : 319 (including extra departmental sub-post offices and telegraph offices)
  • Post and Telegraph offices : 144
  • Post offices with phone facilities : 144

The district has a vast coverage by mobile phone operators.Since most of its people live in rural areas it is far more economical for the people as well as the mobile operators to build the infrastructure for mobile phone communications.

EducationEdit

Erode district has several facilities for higher education including a Medical College, fifteen Engineering colleges along with 18 Arts and Science Colleges. It has two educational districts, Gobichettipalyam and Erode.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/prov_data_products_tamilnadu.html. 
  2. ^ www.tn.gov.in
  3. ^ Census 2001
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 


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