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Fayette County, Iowa

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Fayette County, Iowa
CourthouseSquare
Fayette County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of USA IA
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat West Union
Largest city Oelwein
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

731 sq mi (1,893 km²)
731 sq mi (1,893 km²)
0.5 sq mi (1 km²), 0.07%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

20,880
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://fayettecountyiowa.org/

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,880.[1] The county seat is West Union.[2]

History Edit

Fayette County was founded in 1837. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette,[3] a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army.

Geography Edit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 731 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.07%) is water.[4]

Major highways Edit

Adjacent counties Edit

Demographics Edit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 825
1860 12,073 1,363.4%
1870 16,973 40.6%
1880 22,258 31.1%
1890 23,141 4.0%
1900 29,845 29.0%
1910 27,919 −6.5%
1920 29,251 4.8%
1930 29,145 −0.4%
1940 29,151 0%
1950 28,294 −2.9%
1960 28,581 1.0%
1970 26,898 −5.9%
1980 25,488 −5.2%
1990 21,843 −14.3%
2000 22,008 0.8%
2010 20,880 −5.1%
Est. 2015 20,257 [5] −8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010 censusEdit

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.[10]

2000 censusEdit

USA Fayette County, Iowa age pyramid

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Fayette County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communities Edit

TownshipsEdit

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Fayette County.[12]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Oelwein City 6,415
2 West Union City 2,486
3 Sumner (mostly in Bremer County) City 2,028
4 Fayette City 1,338
5 Fairbank (partially in Buchanan County) City 1,113
6 Elgin City 683
7 Clermont City 632
8 Maynard City 518
9 Hawkeye City 449
10 Arlington City 429
11 Wadena City 262
12 Waucoma City 257
13 Westgate City 211
14 St. Lucas City 143
15 Stanley (mostly in Buchanan County) City 125
16 Randalia City 68

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19/19065.html. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YQozzgAf. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 124. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA124#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/counties/totals/2015/CO-EST2015-alldata.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ia190090.txt. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved May 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/

External links Edit

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Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 91°50′58″W / 42.865, -91.84944


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Fayette County, Iowa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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