is the 44th day of the year in the February 13 Gregorian calendar. There are 321 days remaining until the end of the year (322 in leap years).
1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
1503 - Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
1542 - Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
1575 - Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.
1575 - Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
1633 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.
1635 - The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded.
1668 - Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
1689 - William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
1692 - Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
1815 - The Cambridge Union Society founded.
1866 - Jesse James and his gang commit the first armed bank robbery in United States history during peacetime in Liberty.
1880 - Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
1881 - The feminist newspaper is first published in La Citoyenne Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert.
1894 - Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the , a combination Cinematographe movie camera and projector.
1899 - Tallahassee records its all time coldest temperature of -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
1914 - Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
1920 - The Negro National League is formed.
1934 - The Soviet steamship sinks in the Cheliuskin Arctic Ocean.
1935 - A jury in Flemington finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
1945 - World War II: Red Army forces take Budapest, Hungary from Wehrmacht forces.
1945 - World War II: The Royal Air Force bombers were dispatched to Dresden, Germany to raid the city by massive aerial bombardment (see Bombing of Dresden in World War II).
1955 - Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1960 - Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
1971 - Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
1974 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
1975 - A fire erupts in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
1978 - Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.
1979 - The intense February 13 strikes western Washington and sinks a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
1984 - Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1990 - German reunification: An agreement is reached for a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
1991 - Gulf War: Two laser-guided " smart bombs" destroy a bunker in Baghdad. The bunker was being used as a military communications outpost and unknown to allied forces, as a shelter for Iraqi civilians.
1997 - Space Shuttle program: STS-82 Mission - Tune-up and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope started by astronauts from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1997 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time closing at 7,022.44.
2000 - The last original " Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
2001 - An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
2004 - The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star .
BPM 37093 2007 - Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigned as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announced his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
1457 - Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I (d. 1482)
1480 - Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)
1599 - Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)
1672 - Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
1721 - John Reid, British army general and composer (d. 1807)
1728 - John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
1743 - Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)
1768 - Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
1769 - Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
1805 - Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (d. 1859)
1835 - Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
1855 - Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
1873 - Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (d. 1938)
1876 - Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
1879 - Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
1881 - Eleanor Farjeon, English author (d. 1965)
1884 - Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
1885 - Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
1891 - Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
1892 - Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
1903 - Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (d. 1989)
1906 - Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
1910 - William Shockley, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1989)
1911 - Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani Urdu poet, Lenin Peace Prize winner (d. 1984)
1913 - George Barker, British poet (d. 1991)
1915 - Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1945)
1915 - Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)
1918 - Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
1919 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
1919 - Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
1920 - Eileen Farrell, American opera soprano (d. 2002)
1922 - Francis Pym, British Foreign Secretary 1982-83
1922 - Gordon Tullock, American economist
1923 - Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)
1923 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
1923 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
1924 - Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (d. 2006)
1925 - Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)
1928 - Dorothy McGuire, American singer ( The McGuire Sisters)
1929 - Omar Torrijos, Panamanian ruler (d. 1981)
1930 - Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
1932 - Susan Oliver, American actress (d. 1990)
1933 - Paul Biya, Cameroon politician
1933 - Costa Gavras, Greek-French filmmaker
1933 - Kim Novak, American actress
1933 - Caroline Blakiston, British actress
1934 - George Segal, American actor
1937 - Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992)
1938 - Oliver Reed, English actor (d. 1999)
1939 - Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter
1941 - Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee 2003 - present
1941 - Sigmar Polke, German painter
1942 - Carol Lynley, American actress
1942 - Peter Tork, American musician and actor ( The Monkees)
1943 - Geoff Edwards, American game show host
1944 - Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)
1944 - Stockard Channing, American actress
1944 - Jerry Springer, American television host
1944 - Bo Svenson, Swedish-born actor
1944 - Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (d. 2006)
1945 - King Floyd, American musician (d. 2006)
1946 - Colin Matthews, British composer
1947 - Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach
1950 - Peter Gabriel, English musician ( Genesis)
1951 - Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer
1951 - David Naughton, American actor and singer
1952 - Freddy Maertens, Belgian cyclist
1953 - Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer
1954 - Eric Johnson, American artist
1954 - Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1955 - Joe Birkett, American lawyer
1956 - Peter Hook, English bassist ( Joy Division and New Order)
1956 - Yiannis Kouros, Greek-Australian runner
1956 - Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member
1957 - Denise Austin, American fitness expert
1958 - Pernilla August, Swedish actress
1958 - Derek Riggs, British artist
1958 - Tip Tipping, American actor and stuntman (d. 1993)
1959 - Gaston Gingras, National Hockey League defenceman
1959 - Gord Hampson, Canadian ice hockey player
1960 - Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee
1960 - Gary Patterson, American football coach
1960 - Matt Salinger, American actor
1960 - Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player
1961 - Henry Rollins, American musician
1961 - Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1962 - Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
1964 - Mark Patton, American actor
1964 - Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician
1966 - Jeff Waters, Canadian musician ( Annihilator)
1967 - Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian soccer player and coach
1968 - Kelly Hu, American actress
1970 - Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer
1971 - Sonia, British singer
1971 - Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player
1971 - Todd Williams, American baseball player
1972 - Charlie Garner, American football player
1974 - Gus Hansen, Danish professional poker player
1974 - Robbie Williams, English singer
1974 - Jeff Duran, American radio personality
1975 - Iván González, Puerto Rican disc jockey and musician
1976 - Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
1976 - Feist, Canadian singer and songwriter
1976 - Dave Padden, Canadian musician ( Annihilator)
1977 - Randy Moss, American football player
1977 - Ben Collins, British racing driver
1978 - Mini Anden, Swedish model and actress
1979 - Rafael Márquez, Mexican footballer
1979 - Mena Suvari, American actress
1980 - Sebastian Kehl, German footballer
1981 - Luisão, Brazilian footballer
1981 - Liam Miller, Irish footballer
1981 - Luke Ridnour, American basketball player
1982 - Michael Turner, Running Back for the San Diego Chargers
1982 - Lanisha Cole, American model
1985 - Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress
1985 - Alexandros Tziolis, Greek footballer
1986 - Luke Moore, English footballer
1989 - Carly McKillip, Canadian actress
858 - Kenneth I of Scotland
1130 - Pope Honorius II
1141 - Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
1219 - Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
1332 - Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1259)
1539 - Isabella d'Este, Marquise of Mantua (b. 1474)
1542 - Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. 1525)
1571 - Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (b. 1500)
1585 - Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
1592 - Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter
1600 - Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
1602 - Alexander Nowell, English clergyman
1608 - Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
1624 - Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
1657 - Miles Sindercombe, attempted assassin of Oliver Cromwell
1660 - King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1622)
1662 - Elizabeth Stuart (b. 1596)
1727 - William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)
1728 - Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1663)
1732 - Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
1787 - Ruđer Bošković, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
1787 - Charles Gravier, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
1813 - Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
1818 - George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
1826 - Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)
1837 - Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
1845 - Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
1883 - Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)
1888 - Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
1905 - Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
1950 - Rafael Sabatini, Italian author (b. 1875)
1951 - Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
1952 - Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
1958 - Georges Rouault, French painter (b. 1871)
1964 - Werner Heyde, German psyhiatrist (b. 1902)
1968 - Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
1975 - André Beaufre, French General (b. 1902)
1976 - Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military leader (b. 1938)
1976 - Lily Pons, French-born soprano (b. 1904)
1980 - David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)
1984 - Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)
1989 - Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
1991 - Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
1992 - Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
1996 - Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
1997 - Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (b. 1920)
2000 - James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)
2002 - Waylon Jennings, American musician (b. 1937)
2003 - Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)
2003 - Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (b. 1932)
2003 - Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)
2004 - Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)
2005 - Nelson Briles, baseball player (b. 1943)
2005 - Lúcia Santos, Carmelite nun (b. 1907)
2005 - Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (b. 1917)
2005 - Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)
2005 - Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)
2006 - Andreas Katsulas, American actor (b. 1946)
2007 - Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (b. 1923)
2007 - Johanna Sällström, Swedish actress (b. 1974)
2007 - Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)
Liturgical feasts Edit
External links Edit
50 Familypedia people were born on February 13
77 Familypedia people died on February 13
50 Familypedia people were first married on February 13