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Franklin County, New York
Saranac Lake, NY - Broadway
Broadway Street, in Saranac Lake
Seal of Franklin County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Franklin County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of USA NY
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1808
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Malone
Largest town Malone
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,697 sq mi (4,395 km²)
1,629 sq mi (4,219 km²)
68 sq mi (176 km²), 4.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

51,599
32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.franklincony.org

Franklin County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,599.[1] Its county seat is Malone.[2] The county is named in honor of American Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.[3]

Franklin County comprises the Malone, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Much of Franklin County is within the Adirondack Park. Its Canadian borders are the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

HistoryEdit

When counties were established in New York in 1683, the present Franklin County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

Franklin County is part of Macomb's Purchase of 1791.

In 1799, Clinton County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Essex County. In 1802, Clinton County was reduced in size by a part of Clinton and two other counties being taken to form the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County was split off from Clinton County.

In the late 1800s, Franklin County was home to three of the largest resort hotels in the Adirondacks, Paul Smith's Hotel, Loon Lake House, and Rainbow Inn.

The history of Franklin County is preserved at the Franklin Historical and Museum Society in Malone, New York.[4]

GeographyEdit

Saranac Lake - Lake Flower

Lake Flower in Saranac Lake

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,697 square miles (4,400 km2), of which 1,629 square miles (4,220 km2) is land and 68 square miles (180 km2) (4.0%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-largest county in New York by land area. Franklin County is in the northeastern part of New York State. The northern edge is the border with Canada.

Adjacent counties and municipalityEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 2,617
1820 4,439 69.6%
1830 11,312 154.8%
1840 16,518 46.0%
1850 25,102 52.0%
1860 30,837 22.8%
1870 30,271 −1.8%
1880 32,390 7.0%
1890 38,110 17.7%
1900 42,853 12.4%
1910 45,717 6.7%
1920 43,541 −4.8%
1930 45,694 4.9%
1940 44,286 −3.1%
1950 44,830 1.2%
1960 44,742 −0.2%
1970 43,931 −1.8%
1980 44,929 2.3%
1990 46,540 3.6%
2000 51,134 9.9%
2010 51,599 0.9%
Est. 2016 50,409 [6] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 51,134 people, 17,931 households, and 11,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 23,936 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.03% White, 6.63% Black or African American, 6.20% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 2.07% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 4.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.0% were of French, 13.6% Irish, 10.6% American, 9.8% French Canadian, 9.2% English and 5.4% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.6% spoke English, 2.3% Spanish and 2.0% French as their first language.

There were 17,931 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 121.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,517, and the median income for a family was $38,472. Males had a median income of $29,376 versus $22,292 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,888. About 10.10% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education Edit

Franklin County is home to North Country Community College and Paul Smith's College. North Country Community College is sponsored by and serves Franklin and Essex counties, with campuses in Malone - Saranac Lake and Ticonderoga.

TransportationEdit

Franklin County NY sign US11 Town of Moira

Entering Franklin County on US11 in the Town of Moira

Airports Edit

The following public use airports are located in the county:[12]

CommunitiesEdit

TownsEdit

VillagesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

HamletsEdit

Native reservations Edit

Notable peopleEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 48.5% 8,221 43.1% 7,297 8.5% 1,434
2012 36.0% 5,740 62.1% 9,894 1.9% 300
2008 38.1% 6,676 60.3% 10,571 1.6% 273
2004 45.8% 8,383 52.1% 9,543 2.1% 390
2000 43.8% 7,643 50.8% 8,870 5.4% 938
1996 30.9% 5,072 51.8% 8,494 17.3% 2,828
1992 36.1% 6,635 41.7% 7,654 22.2% 4,076
1988 53.1% 9,135 46.1% 7,928 0.8% 129
1984 62.2% 10,617 37.5% 6,400 0.3% 47
1980 46.8% 7,620 44.7% 7,281 8.5% 1,391
1976 54.8% 8,846 44.9% 7,248 0.4% 58
1972 67.4% 10,959 32.4% 5,266 0.2% 35
1968 53.3% 8,314 42.8% 6,678 3.9% 610
1964 28.0% 4,846 71.9% 12,467 0.1% 16
1960 48.5% 9,385 51.4% 9,946 0.1% 27
1956 71.3% 13,003 28.7% 5,226 0.0% 0
1952 64.9% 12,212 35.0% 6,591 0.1% 17
1948 55.2% 8,993 41.7% 6,799 3.1% 510
1944 53.3% 9,225 46.5% 8,060 0.2% 39
1940 54.6% 11,446 45.2% 9,479 0.2% 33
1936 56.3% 11,521 43.0% 8,799 0.8% 158
1932 47.5% 9,422 52.0% 10,318 0.6% 117
1928 49.9% 9,495 49.9% 9,501 0.3% 49
1924 64.4% 9,352 30.1% 4,364 5.5% 799
1920 70.6% 9,786 27.6% 3,825 1.8% 254
1916 57.6% 5,146 40.2% 3,593 2.2% 197
1912 46.8% 3,930 32.3% 2,711 20.9% 1,752
1908 64.1% 5,999 31.4% 2,935 4.5% 421
1904 67.6% 6,699 29.0% 2,869 3.5% 342
1900 68.5% 6,313 28.9% 2,666 2.6% 238
1896 69.3% 6,118 28.2% 2,490 2.5% 221
1892 62.2% 5,498 33.9% 2,999 3.9% 343
1888 64.8% 5,757 34.1% 3,028 1.1% 101
1884 60.0% 4,638 38.2% 2,948 1.8% 142

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. https://www.webcitation.org/604DGfagk?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36033.html. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 131. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA131#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ Read and Listen to the Oral history of Franklin County in the late 19th early 20th Centuries
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. Retrieved January 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Counties Population Totals Tables: 2010-2016, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2016/demo/popest/counties-total.html. Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. https://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved January 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved January 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. Retrieved January 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved January 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Franklin County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  13. ^ "BEAMAN, Fernando Cortez, (1814 - 1882)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000275. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Template:Franklin County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Coordinates: 44°36′N 74°19′W / 44.60, -74.31


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Franklin County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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