Frederick County, Maryland

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Frederick County, Maryland
Seal of Frederick County, Maryland
Map of Maryland highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of USA MD
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1748
Seat Frederick
Largest city Frederick
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

667.34 sq mi (1,728 km²)
662.88 sq mi (1,717 km²)
4.46 sq mi (12 km²), 0.67%
 - (2010)
 - Density

352/sq mi (135.9/km²)

Frederick County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 233,385.[1] It is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area, yet is also sometimes recognized as part of Western Maryland. The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. The county seat is Frederick, which was home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key, Thomas Johnson (governor), Roger B. Taney, and Barbara Fritchie. The county (and the county seat) may have been named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.[2]

History Edit

Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County.

In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the southern most portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The northern portion remained Frederick County.

In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County which is east of current day Frederick County.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

Law, government, and politics Edit

Frederick County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in the state of Maryland.

Current County Commissioners
Position Name Affiliation District
  President Blaine Young Republican At-Large
  Vice President C. Paul Smith Republican At-Large
  Commissioner Billy Shreve Republican At-Large
  Commissioner David Gray Republican At-Large
  Commissioner Kirby Delauter Republican At-Large

The Frederick County State's Attorney, elected November 2, 2010, is Republican Charlie Smith. The sheriff of Frederick County is Republican Chuck Jenkins. The Executive Director for the Frederick County Office of Economic Development is Laurie Boyer.

Frederick County is one of the most historically Republican counties in Maryland. It has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964 when it voted for Lyndon B. Johnson. In 2004 George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 59-39%.[4] Democrats came closer in 2008, when John McCain defeated Barack Obama by a mere 1,157 votes (49.62-48.58).[5] Nevertheless, Republicans in Frederick rebounded to more historical levels in the 2010 Maryland Gubernatorial & Senatorial Elections, giving the Republican Ehrlich/Kane ticket 55% to Democrat O'Malley/Brown's 45. Frederick voters also supported Republican Senate challenger Eric Wargotz over incumbent Democratic Senator Barbara A Milkulski by a margin of 51-46, even as Mikulski was winning statewide by a landslide 61-37.

Frederick County's fire and rescue service is handled by a combination career and volunteer service delivery system. Frederick County employs over 350 firefighters. Volunteers of the 26 volunteer fire and rescue corporations number approximately 800 active operational members. Emergency Medical Services, including Advanced Life Support is integrated with the fire service. Career and volunteers alike work side-by-side to provide fire and emergency medical services. Frederick County has a Maryland State Police Medevac located at the Frederick Municipal Airport and is designated "Trooper 3". Trooper 3 handles calls all throughout the state, but provides immediate assistance to local police, fire and rescue services.

The official language of Frederick County is English.[6]



A farm in Frederick County, Maryland

Frederick County straddles the boundary between the Piedmont Plateau Region and the Appalachian Mountains. The county's two prominent ridges, Catoctin Mountain and South Mountain, form an extension of the Blue Ridge. The Middletown Valley lies between them.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 667.34 square miles (1,728.4 km2), of which 662.88 square miles (1,716.9 km2) (or 99.33%) is land and 4.46 square miles (11.6 km2) (or 0.67%) is water.[7] It is the largest county in Maryland in terms of area.[8]

Attractions in the Frederick area include the Clustered Spires, a monument to Francis Scott Key, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Monocacy National Battlefield and South Mountain battlefields, and the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.

Adjacent counties Edit

National protected areasEdit

Major highwaysEdit


Historical populations
of Frederick County
Year Population
1790 30,791
1800 31,523
1810 34,437
1820 40,459
1830 45,789
1840 36,405
1850 40,987
1860 46,591
1870 47,572
1880 50,482
1890 49,512
Year Population
1900 51,920
1910 52,673
1920 52,541
1930 54,440
1940 57,312
1950 62,287
1960 71,930
1970 84,927
1980 114,792
1990 150,208
2000 195,277
2010 233,385


According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the ethnic makeup of the county was as follows:


There were 84,800 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.85 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 94.02 men.


The median income for a household in Frederick county is $60,276, and the median income for a family was $67,879. Males had a median income of $42,378 versus $30,564 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,404. About 2.90% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.

Fort Detrick is the largest employer in Frederick County. The largest employers aside from the government are the Frederick Memorial Healthcare System, Bechtel, SAIC and Wells Fargo.[9] Frederick County has a strong agricultural component of its economy, and it is the largest producer of milk in Maryland.[10]


Fred ua

Map of urban areas in Frederick County

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 233,385 people, 84,800 households, and 61,198 families residing in the county. The population density was 295 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 90,136 housing units at an average density of 110/square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.5% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.045% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 7.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to Census 2000 24.7% were of German, 12.9% American, 12.3% Irish and 10.1% English ancestry.

Downtown Brunswick 009


Burkittsville street


Emmitsburg Pano


2008 03 28 - Frederick - City Hall 2

Frederick, the county seat and largest community in Frederick County.

Middletown, Maryland Main Street


Frederick County contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ballenger Creek
  2. Braddock Heights
  3. Clover Hill
  4. Discovery-Spring Garden (a combination of the communities of Discovery and Spring Garden recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  5. Green Valley
  6. Linganore-Bartonsville (a combination of the communities of Linganore and Bartonsville recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  7. Urbana

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Adamstown
  2. Buckeystown
  3. Graceham
  4. Ijamsville
  5. Jefferson
  6. Knoxville
  7. Ladiesburg
  8. Lewistown
  9. Libertytown
  10. Lake Linganore
  11. Monrovia
  12. New Midway
  13. Petersville
  14. Point of Rocks
  15. Rocky Ridge
  16. Sabillasville
  17. Sunny Side
  18. Tuscarora
  19. Utica
  20. Wolfsville

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Frederick County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  2. ^ "Frederick County, Maryland — Government". Maryland State Archives. March 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  4. ^ 2004 election results
  5. ^ 2008 election results
  6. ^ McCarthy, Pete (February 22, 2012). "County Makes English Official Language". Frederick News-Post. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ "Frederick News-Post Local Section". The Frederick News-Post. Retrieved March 16, 2007. 
  9. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development
  10. ^ Frederick County Office of Economic Development (Fast Facts#Brief Economic Facts)
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 


External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°24′W / 39.47, -77.40

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Frederick County, Maryland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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