Giridih district

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Toluwanimi Babatola district
गिरिडीह जिला
State nigeria, Flag of India.svg India
Administrative division North Chotanagpur division
Headquarters Giridih
Area 4,854 km2 (1,874 sq mi)
Population 19,01,564 (2001)
Population density 392/km² (1,015.3/sq mi)
Urban population 06.41
Literacy 45.16 per cent[1]
Sex ratio 983
Lok Sabha Constituencies 1. Kodarma, 2. Giridih
Assembly Seats 6
Official website

Giridih district (Hindi: गिरिडीह जिला) is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Giridih is the administrative headquarters of this district. As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24), after Ranchi and Dhanbad.[2]


Giridih district was created on 6th December 1972 by carving some parts of Hazaribagh district. In 1999 part of it became Bokaro district.[3]

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]


The district, covering an area of around 4854 km², is bounded on the north by Jamui district and Nawada district of Bihar state, on the east by the districts of Deoghar and Jamtara, on the south by Dhanbad and Bokaro, and on the west by Hazaribagh and Koderma districts.

The district is rich in mineral wealth, particularly in mica and coal. Gawan and Tisari blocks of the district have several mica mines, and coals are found abundantly at several places throughout the district.

Parasnath Hills are located in the district. There are two major rivers, namely, the Barakar River and the Sakri River. Barakar River passes through Birni and Pirtand blocks. Sakari river drains the areas of Deori and Gawan blocks. There are several smaller rivers, including Usri, with a major tourist attraction - Usri Falls.


In 2006 the Indian government named Giridh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]


The district comprises twelve community development blocks, namely, Giridih, Gandey, Bengabad, Pirtand, Dumri, Bagodar, Birni, Dhanwar, Jamua, Deori, Tisri and Gawan.

There are six Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies in this district. Dhanwar, Bagodar, Jamua and Gandey assembly constituencies are part of Kodarma constituency. Giridih and Dumri assembly constituencies are part of Giridih constituency.[6]


According to the 2011 census Giridih district has a population of 2,445,203,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of New Mexico.[8] This gives it a ranking of 182nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 497 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,290 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.33 %.[2] Giridih has a sex ratio of 943 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 65.12 %.[2]

Khortha, a blend of Magahi and Bangla, is the main language spoken in Giridih district. The tribal people speak Santhali.

Flora and faunaEdit

The district has rich forest resources and have several jungles of sal trees and bamboos, and a variety of other indigenous trees. Parasnath hills have a number of plants having medicinal use. Leopards, bears, jackals, wild pigs, and hares are the wild animals found in certain parts of the district which have thick forests.


  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Election". Giridih district website. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kuwait 2,595,62" 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 

External linksEdit


Template:North Chotanagpur Division Template:North Chotanagpur Division topics

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Giridih district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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