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Glynn County, Georgia

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Glynn County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Glynn County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1777
Seat Brunswick
Largest city Brunswick
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

585 sq mi (1,516 km²)
422 sq mi (1,094 km²)
163 sq mi (422 km²), 27.82%
PopulationEst.
 - (2005)
 - Density

71,874
160/sq mi (62/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.glynncounty.org

Glynn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is part of the 'Brunswick Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Brantley, Glynn and McIntosh counties. As of 2000, the population was 67,568. The 2005 Census Estimate shows a population of 71,874 [1]. The county seat is Brunswick6.

HistoryEdit

Glynn county, one of the original eight counties in the state created on February 5, 1777, was named after John Glynn, a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American Colonies before the American Revolution.The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County. James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. Home to Glynn Academy Terrors, the second oldest school in Georgia.

Glynn county includes the most prominent of the sea islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn", which begins:

Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs,--
Emerald twilights,--
Virginal shy lights,
Wrought of the leaves to allure to the whisper of vows,
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonnades
Of the dim sweet woods, of the dear dark woods,
Of the heavenly woods and glades,
That run to the radiant marginal sand-beach within
The wide sea-marshes of Glynn;--

The former Glynco Naval Air Station, named for the county, was a major base for blimps and anti-submarine warfare during World War II. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) now uses a substantial part of the former NAS as its main campus.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,516 km² (585 sq mi). 1,094 km² (422 sq mi) of it is land and 422 km² (163 sq mi) of it (27.82%) is water.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 5,376
1880 6,497 20.9%
1890 13,420 106.6%
1900 14,317 6.7%
1910 15,720 9.8%
1920 19,370 23.2%
1930 19,400 0.2%
1940 21,920 13.0%
1950 29,046 32.5%
1960 41,954 44.4%
1970 50,528 20.4%
1980 54,981 8.8%
1990 62,496 13.7%
2000 67,568 8.1%

As of the census² of 2000, there were 67,568 people, 27,208 households, and 18,392 families residing in the county. The population density was 62/km² (160/sq mi). There were 32,636 housing units at an average density of 30/km² (77/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 26.45% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,208 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,765, and the median income for a family was $46,984. Males had a median income of $34,363 versus $23,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,707. About 11.60% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Glynn County's public schools are operated by Glynn County School System.

Superfund sitesEdit

The Hanlin Group, Inc. maintained a facility named "LCP Chemicals" in Glynn County, just outside the corporate limits of Brunswick, which was convicted of dumping 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994. Two executives were sentenced to prison time over the incident.

The LCP facility had been declared a Superfund site when it closed in 1994 and was already under scrutiny by the EPA when Service biologists discovered mercury poisoning in endangered wood storks on St. Simons Island. Fish, shellfish, crabs, and shrimps taken in coastal waters as well as other bird species also contained the toxic metal. The Service traced the source of the contamination to the LCP plant and documented the extent of the damage to wildlife resources–an effort that resulted in the addition of Endangered Species Act charges to those that would be brought against Hanlin and its officers. Link to EPA information

Other Superfund sites in the area are

  • Brunswick Wood Preserving EPA link
  • Hercules 009 Landfill EPA link
  • Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall EPA link

Cities and townsEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 31°13′N 81°29′W / 31.22, -81.49

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Glynn County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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