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The Governor of Massachusetts is the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and is supported by a number of subordinate officers. He, like most other state officers, senators, and representatives, was originally elected annually.

Colonial GovernorsEdit

The colonial history of Massachusetts begins with the founding first of the Plymouth Colony in 1620, and then the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628.

Commonwealth Governors (1780-Present)Edit

In the table below, acting governors are denoted in the leftmost column by the letter "A", and are not counted as actual governors. The longest-serving governor was Michael Dukakis, who served twelve years in office, although they were not all consecutive. The longest period of uninterrupted service by any governor was nine years, by Levi Lincoln Jr. The shortest service period by an elected governor was one year, achieved by several 19th century governors. Increase Sumner, elected by a landslide to a third consecutive term in 1799, was on his deathbed and died not long after taking the oath of office; this represents the shortest part of an individual term served by a governor. Sumner was one of four governors to die in office; seven governors resigned, most of them to assume another office.

Political party Number of governors
Democratic 19
Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-Republican 6
Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist 3
Template:Party shading/Know-Nothing | Know Nothing 1
Template:Party shading/National Republican | National Republican 1
No party affiliation 6
Republican 31
Whig 7
# Governor Party Years Lt. governor Electoral history
1 JohnHancockSmall John Hancock None October 25, 1780 –
February 17, 1785
Thomas Cushing
(1780–1788)
Resigned due to claimed illness (recurring gout).
A[1] Thomas Cushing, Member of Continental Congress Thomas Cushing February 17, 1785 –
May 27, 1785
Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term;
Lost election in his own right
2 James Bowdoin II James Bowdoin May 27, 1785 –
May 30, 1787
Lost re-election
3 JohnHancockSmall John Hancock May 30, 1787 –
October 8, 1793
Died
Benjamin Lincoln
(1788–1789)
Samuel Adams
(1789–1794)
4 SamuelAdamsSmall Samuel Adams October 8, 1793 –
June 2, 1797
Acted as governor for the remainder of Hancock's term;
Elected and re-elected in his own right until retirement
Moses Gill
(1794–1800)
5 IncreaseSumner Increase Sumner Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist June 2, 1797 –
June 7, 1799
Died
A[1] Moses Gill - John Singleton Copley, circa 1759 Moses Gill None June 7, 1799 –
May 20, 1800
Acted as governor for most of the remainder of Sumner's term;
Died ten days before its end
A[1] Seal of Massachusetts Governor's Council May 20, 1800 –
May 30, 1800
None The council was headed by Thomas Dawes; this is the only time both gubernatorial offices were vacant.
6 CalebStrong by HenrySandman Caleb Strong rowspan=2 Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist May 30, 1800 –
May 29, 1807
Samuel Phillips Jr.
(1801–1802)
Lost re-election
Edward Robbins
(1802–1806)
7 James Sullivan James Sullivan Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-
Republican
May 29, 1807 –
December 10, 1808
Levi Lincoln Sr. Died
A[1] LeviLincoln Levi Lincoln Sr. Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-
Republican
December 10, 1808 –
May 1, 1809
Acted as governor for the remainder of Sullivan's term;
Lost election in his own right
8 ChristopherGoreByTrumbull Christopher Gore Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist May 1, 1809 –
June 10, 1810
David Cobb Lost re-election
9 Elbridge-gerry-painting Elbridge Gerry Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-
Republican
June 10, 1810 –
March 4, 1812
William Gray Lost re-election
10 CalebStrong by HenrySandman Caleb Strong Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist March 4, 1812 –
May 30, 1816
William Phillips Jr. Retired
11 Gilbert Stuart, Govenor John Brooks, c. 1820, HAA John Brooks Template:Party shading/Federalist | Federalist May 30, 1816 –
May 31, 1823
Retired
12 William Eustis William Eustis rowspan=2 Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-
Republican
May 31, 1823 –
February 6, 1825
Levi Lincoln Jr.
(1823–1824)
Died
Marcus Morton
(1824–1825)
A[1] Marcus Morton Marcus Morton Template:Party shading/Democratic-Republican | Democratic-
Republican
February 6, 1825 –
May 26, 1825
Acted as governor for the remainder of Eustis's term;
Retired
13 LLincolnJr Levi Lincoln Jr. Template:Party shading/National Republican | National
Republican
May 26, 1825 –
January 9, 1834
Thomas L. Winthrop
(1826–1833)
Retired
14 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor) John Davis Whig January 9, 1834 –
March 1, 1835
Samuel Turell Armstrong Resigned to become US Senator
A[1] Samuel Turell Armstrong Samuel Turell Armstrong Whig March 1, 1835 –
January 13, 1836
Acted as governor for the remainder of Davis's term;
Lost nomination; lost election as independent
15 Edward Everett Edward Everett Whig January 13, 1836 –
January 18, 1840
George Hull Lost re-election
16 Marcus Morton Marcus Morton Democratic January 18, 1840 –
January 7, 1841
Lost re-election
17 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor) John Davis Whig January 7, 1841 –
January 17, 1843
Lost re-election
18 Marcus Morton Marcus Morton Democratic January 17, 1843 –
January 9, 1844
Henry H. Childs Lost re-election
19 100px George N. Briggs Whig January 9, 1844 –
January 11, 1851
John Reed Jr. Lost re-election
20 George Boutwell, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880 George S. Boutwell Democratic January 11, 1851 –
January 14, 1853
Henry W. Cushman Retired
21 JohnCliffordByBenoni John H. Clifford Whig January 14, 1853 –
January 12, 1854
Elisha Huntington Retired
22 EmoryWashburn Emory Washburn Whig January 12, 1854 –
January 4, 1855
William C. Plunkett Lost re-election
23 GovHenryJGardner Henry Gardner rowspan=2 Template:Party shading/Know-Nothing | Know-Nothing January 4, 1855 –
January 7, 1858
Simon Brown
(1855–1856)
Lost re-election
Henry W. Benchley
(1856–1858)
24 Nathaniel Prentice Banks Nathaniel Prentice Banks Republican January 7, 1858 –
January 3, 1861
Eliphalet Trask Retired to run for president
25 Houghton MS Am 1084 (59) - Andrew - edit John Albion Andrew Republican January 3, 1861 –
January 4, 1866
John Z. Goodrich
(1861)
Retired
John Nesmith
(1862)
Joel Hayden
(1863–1866)
26 Alexander H. Bullock Alexander H. Bullock Republican January 4, 1866 –
January 7, 1869
William Claflin Retired
27 William Claflin - Brady-Handy William Claflin Republican January 7, 1869 –
January 4, 1872
Joseph Tucker
(1869–1873)
Retired
28 William washburn William B. Washburn Republican January 4, 1872 –
April 29, 1874
Resigned to become US Senator
Thomas Talbot
(1873–1875)
A[1] GovThomasTalbot Thomas Talbot Republican April 29, 1874 –
January 7, 1875
Acted as governor for the remainder of Washburn's term;
Lost election in his own right
29 GovWilliamGaston William Gaston Democratic January 7, 1875 –
January 6, 1876
Horatio G. Knight Lost re-election
30 AHRice Alexander H. Rice Republican January 6, 1876 –
January 2, 1879
Retired
31 GovThomasTalbot Thomas Talbot Republican January 2, 1879 –
January 8, 1880
John Davis Long Retired
32 JDLong John Davis Long Republican January 8, 1880 –
January 4, 1883
Byron Weston Retired
33 BenFrankButler Benjamin F. Butler Democratic January 4, 1883 –
January 3, 1884
Oliver Ames Lost re-election
34 GovGeorgeDRobinson George D. Robinson Republican January 3, 1884 –
January 6, 1887
Retired
35 Oliver Ames 1831–1895 Oliver Ames Republican January 6, 1887 –
January 7, 1890
John Q. A. Brackett Retired
36 JohnQABrackett John Q. A. Brackett Republican January 7, 1890 –
January 8, 1891
William H. Haile
(1890–1893)
Lost re-election
37 GovWilliamERussell William E. Russell Democratic January 8, 1891 –
January 4, 1894
Retired
Roger Wolcott
(1893–1897)
38 Frederick T. Greenhalge Frederic T. Greenhalge Republican January 4, 1894 –
March 5, 1896
Died
39 Roger Wolcott by Frederic Porter Vinton Roger Wolcott Republican March 5, 1896 –
January 4, 1900
Acted as governor for the remainder of Greenhalge's term;
Elected and re-elected in own right until retirement
Winthrop Murray Crane
(1897–1900)
40 Winthrop Murray Crane Winthrop Murray Crane Republican January 4, 1900 –
January 8, 1903
John L. Bates Retired
41 GovJohnLBates John L. Bates Republican January 8, 1903 –
January 5, 1905
Curtis Guild Jr. Retired
42 WilliamLewisDouglas William L. Douglas Democratic January 5, 1905 –
January 4, 1906
Retired
43 Curtis Guild Jr Curtis Guild Jr. Republican January 4, 1906 –
January 7, 1909
Eben Sumner Draper Retired
44 Ebenezer Sumner Draper crop Eben Sumner Draper Republican January 7, 1909 –
January 5, 1911
Louis A. Frothingham Lost re-election
45 Governor Foss Eugene Noble Foss Democratic January 5, 1911 –
January 8, 1914
Louis A. Frothingham
(1911–1912)
Did not stand for renomination as Democrat; defeated as independent in general election
Robert Luce
(1912–1913)
David I. Walsh
(1913–1914)
46 David Ignatius Walsh David I. Walsh Democratic January 8, 1914 –
January 6, 1916
Edward P. Barry
(1914–1915)
Lost re-election
Grafton D. Cushing
(1915–1916)
47 SamuelMcCall Samuel W. McCall Republican January 6, 1916 –
January 2, 1919
Calvin Coolidge Retired
48 John Calvin Coolidge, Bain bw photo portrait Calvin Coolidge Republican January 2, 1919 –
January 6, 1921
Channing H. Cox Retired to run successfully for U.S. Vice President
49 Channing H Cox Channing H. Cox Republican January 6, 1921 –
January 8, 1925
Alvan T. Fuller Elected in 1920 (first two-year term);
Re-elected in 1922;
Retired
50 Alvin T Fuller Alvan T. Fuller Republican January 8, 1925 –
January 3, 1929
Frank G. Allen Retired
51 Frank G Allen Frank G. Allen Republican January 3, 1929 –
January 8, 1931
William S. Youngman Lost re-election
52 Joseph Buell Ely Joseph B. Ely Democratic January 8, 1931 –
January 3, 1935
William S. Youngman
(1929–1933)
Retired
Gaspar G. Bacon
(1933–1935)
53 James Michael Curley James Michael Curley Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 7, 1937
Joseph L. Hurley Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate
54 100px Charles F. Hurley Democratic January 7, 1937 –
January 5, 1939
Francis E. Kelly Lost renomination
55 LeverettSaltonstall Leverett Saltonstall Republican January 5, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
Horace T. Cahill Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senate
56 Mjtobin Maurice J. Tobin Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 2, 1947
Robert F. Bradford Lost re-election
57 Robert F. Bradford (Massachusetts Governor) Robert F. Bradford Republican January 2, 1947 –
January 6, 1949
Arthur W. Coolidge Elected in 1946;
Lost re-election
58 PaulADever Paul A. Dever Democratic January 6, 1949 –
January 8, 1953
Charles F. Sullivan Elected in 1948;
Re-elected in 1950;
Lost re-election
59 Christian Archibald Herter (politician) Christian A. Herter Republican January 8, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
Sumner G. Whittier Elected in 1952;
Re-elected in 1954;
Retired
60 Foster Furcolo Foster Furcolo Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 5, 1961
Robert F. Murphy
(1957–1960)
Elected in 1956;
Re-elected in 1958;
Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senate
61 Volpe John A. Volpe Republican January 5, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
Edward F. McLaughlin Jr. Elected in 1960;
Lost re-election
62 Endicott Peabody Gov Endicott Peabody Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 7, 1965
Francis X. Bellotti Elected in 1962;
Lost renomination
63 Volpe John A. Volpe Republican January 7, 1965 –
January 22, 1969
Elliot Richardson
(1965–1967)
Elected in 1964;
Re-elected in 1966 (first four-year term);
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Transportation
Francis W. Sargent
(1967–1969)
64 Governor Francis Sargent Francis W. Sargent Republican January 22, 1969 –
January 2, 1975
Acted as governor for the remainder of Volpe's term;
elected in own right in 1970;
Lost re-election
Donald R. Dwight
(1971–1975)
65 Governor Dukakis speaks at the 1976 Democratic National Convention (cropped) Michael Dukakis Democratic January 2, 1975 –
January 4, 1979
Thomas P. O'Neill III Elected in 1974;
Lost renomination
66 Edward J. King Edward J. King Democratic January 4, 1979 –
January 6, 1983
Elected in 1978;
Lost renomination
67 Dukakis1988rally cropped Michael Dukakis Democratic January 6, 1983 –
January 3, 1991
John Kerry
(1983–1985)
Elected in 1982;
Elected in 1986;
Retired
Vacant
(1985–1987)
Evelyn Murphy
(1987–1991)
68 WilliamWeld William F. Weld Republican January 3, 1991 –
July 29, 1997
Paul Cellucci
(1991–1999)
Elected in 1990;
Re-elected in 1994;
Resigned when nominated U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, but was not confirmed to the office.
A[1]
69
Cellucci paul Paul Cellucci Republican July 29, 1997 –
April 10, 2001
Acted as governor for the remainder of Weld's term;
elected in own right in 1998;
Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to Canada
Jane Swift
A[1] Jane Swift 2001 Jane Swift Republican April 10, 2001 –
January 2, 2003
Acted as governor for the remainder of Cellucci's term;
Retired
70 Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 7 Mitt Romney Republican January 2, 2003 –
January 4, 2007
Kerry Healey Elected in 2002;
Retired
71 Deval Patrick 01-12-2011 Alianza Chile-Massachusetts (6443374287) (cropped) Deval Patrick Democratic January 4, 2007 –
January 8, 2015
Tim Murray
(2007–2013)
Elected in 2006;
Re-elected in 2010;
Retired
Vacant
72 Charlie Baker official portrait Charlie Baker Republican January 8, 2015 –
present
Karyn Polito Elected in 2014

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Acting governors are not counted.