|Hampshire County, Massachusetts|
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the U.S.
County government abolished in 1999
545.44 sq mi (1,413 km²)
529.03 sq mi (1,370 km²)
16.41 sq mi (43 km²), 3.01%
299/sq mi (115/km²)
Hampshire County is a non-governmental county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 158,080. Its most populous municipality is Amherst and its county seat is Northampton.
Law and government Edit
Hampshire County was formed in 1662 out of Middlesex County, an original county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony which organized counties in 1643. Like a number of Massachusetts counties, Hampshire County exists today both as a historical geographic region and a judicial district and has no county government. Many former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1999. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected county-wide to perform duties within the region. Though there is no county council or commissioner, the Hampshire Council of Governments, with elected councilors from 15 towns, provides many regional services.  Together with Hampden County, Hampshire County municipalities are part of the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 13, 2010|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2008||71.5% 56,869||25.9% 20,618|
|2004||69.4% 51,680||28.6% 21,315|
|2000||56.2% 38,543||28.0% 19,202|
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 545.44 square miles (1,412.7 km2), of which 529.03 square miles (1,370.2 km2) (or 96.99%) is land and 16.41 square miles (42.5 km2) (or 3.01%) is water.
Hampshire County is the only county in Massachusetts surrounded in all directions by other counties of Massachusetts: all other counties in the state are adjacent to at least one other state or the open ocean.
|Berkshire County||Worcester County|
Hampshire County, Massachusetts
As of the census of 2000, there were 152,251 people, 55,991 households, and 33,818 families residing in the county. The population density was 288 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 58,644 housing units at an average density of 111 per square mile (43/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.10% White, 1.96% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. 3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.7% were of Irish, 12.8% Polish, 9.6% English, 9.5% French, 8.5% French Canadian, 6.9% Italian and 6.4% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.8% spoke English, 3.4% Spanish, 1.7% French and 1.4% Polish as their first language.
There were 55,991 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.60% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county the population was spread out with 19.60% under the age of 18, 19.30% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 87.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,098, and the median income for a family was $57,480. Males had a median income of $39,327 versus $30,362 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,685. About 5.10% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.20% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities, towns, and villages* Edit
- Enfield (disincorporated for the creation of the Quabbin Reservoir)
- Greenwich (disincorporated for the creation of the Quabbin Reservoir)
- Huntington (Formerly named Norwich)
- Prescott (disincorporated for the creation of the Quabbin Reservoir)
- South Hadley
- South Hadley Falls (a section of southern South Hadley)
- Haydenville (a village of Williamsburg)
* Villages are census division, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.
The Five Colleges Edit
Hampshire County is notable for the presence within its borders of the "Five Colleges", comprising the University of Massachusetts flagship campus and four well-known private colleges:
- Amherst College, Amherst
- Hampshire College, Amherst
- Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley
- Smith College, Northampton
- University of Massachusetts Amherst
A consortium, Five Colleges, Inc., provides easy course cross-registration and free bus service between the campuses.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampshire County, Massachusetts
- USS Hampshire County (LST-819)
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "Hampshire Council of Governments". http://www.hampshirecog.org. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 13, 2010" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/ele10/enrollment_count_regdt_10132010.pdf. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
- ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/ma190090.txt
- ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_QTPL&prodType=table
- ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Wall & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. Map of Massachusetts. USA. New England. Counties - Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex and Norfolk, Boston - Suffolk,Plymouth, Bristol, Barnstable and Dukes (Cape Cod). Cities - Springfield, Worcester, Lowell, Lawrence, Haverhill, Newburyport, Salem, Lynn, Taunton, Fall River. New Bedford. These 1871 maps of the Counties and Cities are useful to see the roads and rail lines.
- Beers,D.G. 1872 Atlas of Essex County Map of Massachusetts Plate 5. Click on the map for a very large image.
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