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Hampton County, South Carolina

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Hampton County, South Carolina
Hampton County Courthouse 3
Hampton County Courthouse
Map of South Carolina highlighting Hampton County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of USA SC
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1878
Seat Hampton
Largest town Hampton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

563 sq mi (1,458 km²)
560 sq mi (1,450 km²)
2.8 sq mi (7 km²), 0.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

21,090
38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.hamptoncountysc.org

Hampton County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,090.[1] Its county seat is Hampton.[2] It was named for Confederate Civil War general Wade Hampton, who in the late 1870s was elected as governor of South Carolina.[3] The county includes two small urban clusters: Hampton (2000 pop.: 4,011) and Estill (3,637).

HistoryEdit

After pushing out the Native Americans, English colonists and later European Americans developed the land largely for rice and cotton plantations, lucrative commodity crops dependent on the labor and skills of enslaved African Americans.

The county had a peak of population in 1910, when agriculture was still the mainstay of the economy. Thousands of African Americans left after that for urban areas, especially in the North, in the Great Migration. The mechanization of agriculture reduced farm jobs.

Since 1970 the county's population has begun to increase, in part due to people wanting second homes in rural areas or coming here to retire.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

State protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 18,741
1890 20,544 9.6%
1900 23,738 15.5%
1910 25,126 5.8%
1920 19,550 −22.2%
1930 17,243 −11.8%
1940 17,465 1.3%
1950 18,027 3.2%
1960 17,425 −3.3%
1970 15,878 −8.9%
1980 18,159 14.4%
1990 18,191 0.2%
2000 21,386 17.6%
2010 21,090 −1.4%
Est. 2015 20,049 [5] −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 21,386 people, 7,444 households, and 5,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 8,582 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 42.89% White, 55.67% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,444 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 18.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,771, and the median income for a family was $34,559. Males had a median income of $29,440 versus $20,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,129. About 17.80% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,090 people, 7,598 households, and 5,211 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile (14.6 /km2). There were 9,140 housing units at an average density of 16.3 per square mile (6.3 /km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 53.9% black or African American, 42.7% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 6.4% were Irish, 6.3% were American, 5.6% were German, and 5.3% were English.[13]

Of the 7,598 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,846 and the median income for a family was $43,234. Males had a median income of $31,935 versus $26,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,262. About 17.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45/45049.html. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 148. http://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA148#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_45.txt. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/counties/totals/2015/CO-EST2015-alldata.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/sc190090.txt. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US45049. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US45049. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US45049. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US45049. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 

External linksEdit

Template:South Carolina Lowcountry

Coordinates: 32°47′N 81°08′W / 32.78, -81.14


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hampton County, South Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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