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Henry County, Indiana
Henry County Courthouse - New Castle, IN
Henry County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Henry County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of USA IN
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1822
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat New Castle
Largest city New Castle
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

394.83 sq mi (1,023 km²)
391.88 sq mi (1,015 km²)
2.96 sq mi (8 km²), 0.75%
 - (2010)
 - Density

126/sq mi (48.6/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 33

Henry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 49,462.[1] The county seat is New Castle.[2] Henry County is the main setting of the novel Raintree County by Ross Lockridge, Jr..


Henry County was formed in 1822. It was named for Patriot Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia.[3]


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 394.83 square miles (1,022.6 km2), of which 391.88 square miles (1,015.0 km2) (or 99.25%) is land and 2.96 square miles (7.7 km2) (or 0.75%) is water.[4]


New Castle from the air, looking east.



Unincorporated areasEdit



Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

Climate and weather Edit

Climate chart for New Castle, Indiana
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in New Castle have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32.2 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.24 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.70 inches (119 mm) in May.[7]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

County Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

County Courts: The county maintains three courts. Circuit Court I, Circuit Court II and Circuit Court III . The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Henry County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 28;[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 54 and 56.[11]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 6,497
1840 15,128 132.8%
1850 17,605 16.4%
1860 20,119 14.3%
1870 22,986 14.3%
1880 24,016 4.5%
1890 23,879 −0.6%
1900 25,088 5.1%
1910 29,758 18.6%
1920 34,682 16.5%
1930 35,238 1.6%
1940 40,208 14.1%
1950 45,505 13.2%
1960 48,899 7.5%
1970 52,603 7.6%
1980 53,336 1.4%
1990 48,139 −9.7%
2000 48,508 0.8%
2010 49,462 2.0%
Est. 2015 48,985 [12] 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,462 people, 19,077 households, and 13,020 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 126.2 inhabitants per square mile (48.7 /km2). There were 21,288 housing units at an average density of 54.3 per square mile (21.0 /km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 19.9% were German, 13.3% were American, 11.8% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.[18]

Of the 19,077 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 41.4 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,701. Males had a median income of $42,628 versus $30,226 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,879. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Recreation Edit

Notable people Edit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


  1. ^ a b "Henry County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 155. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  5. ^ National Atlas
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Castle, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  12. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

Coordinates: 39°56′N 85°24′W / 39.93, -85.40

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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