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In 1630 John Winthrop organized a fleet of 11 ships to carry almost 1000 immigrants from England to America and founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Departing in two groups in April and May, they arrived at various dates in June and July. These ships were:The Ambrose; The Arabella; The Charles; The Hopewell; The Jewel; The Mayflower; The Success; The Talbot ; The Trial; The Whale; The William & Francis

Background Edit

The first English Colony was at Jamestown Virginia in 1607. The second was the founding of Plymouth_Colony in 1620 in Massachusetts.  Both were actually very small settlements that only just barely survived.  There were a couple of settlements that either collapsed or were abandoned and the settlers returned to Europe.

The next big colony push was John Winthrop leading a small flotilla in 1630 to settle near the area of present day Boston.  It was named the Massachusetts Bay Colony after the name of the indian tribes that lived in that area.  It's principle cities were Boston, Watertown, Charlestown, and Salem along with a many of the small farmtowns that stand today.

A key catalyst for this big migration was the internal strife in England in the first half of the 17th Century.  The Stuart dynasty has just come to power and aligned itself with the Church of England (Anglican faith) and began intense persecution of those who practised Catholism (the predessor of Anglican church) and Puritans, which was the intended to be a even more "pure" form of Christian faith than either the Catholic or Anglican church.  There was also the rich acquiring up a lot of farmlands forcing the poor off their farms and into London.  Then the Thirty Years War started in 1618 that pitted England and other Protestant countries against the Catholic countries of Spain and Central Europe.

Governor Winthrop was a leading organizer of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and his principle motivation was to create the ideal Puritan community as an example to the world.  Unlike the Pilgrims that settled Plymouth, this group enjoyed greater abundance of financial backing and starting supplies.

The Winthrop Fleet consisted of eleven ships sailing from Yarmouth, Isle of Wright to Salem. Some sailed April 8, arriving June 13, 1630 and the following days, the others to sail in May, arriving in July.

The Fleet Edit

Winthrop Fleet Large list of names of passengers to New England 1630 on board the ships: The Ambrose; The Arabella; The Charles; The Hopewell; The Jewel; The Mayflower; The Success; The Talbot ; The Trial; The Whale; The William & Francis. This list is from the excellent book: _The Winthrop Fleet of 1630_: (An Account of the Vesselseake, Robert Fien English Homes from Original Authorities) by Charles Edward Banks. It is believed by Banks to be a complete list, gathered from many sources.

For the period 1620–1633 the standard reference is now Robert Charles Anderson’s The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633 (New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995). It should be noted that the early work of Charles Banks on the composition of the Winthrop Fleet of 1630 is now considered unreliable.

 In 1630, their population was significantly increased when the ship Mary and John arrived in New England carrying 140 passengers from the English West Country counties of Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall. These included William Phelps along with Roger Ludlowe, John Mason, Rev. John Warham and John Maverick, Nicholas Upsall, Henry Wolcott and other men who would become prominent in the founding of a new nation. It was the first of eleven ships later called the Winthrop Fleet to land in Massachusetts.

The ships were the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.

Sailed April 8 1630: Ambrose, Arbella, Hopewell, Talbot,

Sailed May 1630: Charles, Jewel, Mayflower, Success, Trial, Whale, William and Francis

Winthrop wrote to his wife just before they set sail that there were seven hundred passengers. Six months after their arrival, Thomas Dudley wrote to Bridget Fiennes, Countess of Lincoln and mother of Lady Arbella and Charles Fiennes, that over two hundred passengers had died between their landing April 30 and the following December, 1630. That letter traveled via the Lyon April 1, 1631 and reached England four week later.

References Edit

Winthrop Fleet Passenger List Edit

PersonRelationAgePOBPODBanks ListRemarks
Abbott, Daniel (1584-1647)  46Bidlestone, SuffolkProvidence, RIYMay 1631 - Freeman at Cambridge MA. Possibly joined by wife Mary and infant daughter Mary.
Abell, Robert (1605-1663)  25Stapenhill, DerbyshireRehobath, MAYFounder of Weymouth. Lots of recorded ancestors and descendants.
Agar, William    Y
Alcock, George, ______    Y
Alcock, Thomas    Y
Aleworth, Francis    Y
Andrew, Thomas   
Archer, Samuel   
Aspinwall, William, Elizabeth, Edward   
Audley, (Odlin) John   
Baker, John, Charity   
Balston, William, Elizabeth   
Barsham, William   
Bartlett, Thomas   
Bateman, William   
Baxter, Gregory   
Beamsley, William, Anne   
Beecher, Thomas, Christian   
Belcher, Edward, Christian, Edward Jr.   
Bendall, Edward, Anne   
Benham, John   
Biggs, John, Mary   
Black, John   
Boggust, John   
Boswell, John   
Bosworth, Zaccheus   
Bourne, Garret   
Bowman, Nathaniel, Anna   
Bradstreet, Simon, Anne   
Brand, Benjamin   
Bratcher, Augustine   
Brease, ____   
Brenton, William   
Brett, Isabel   
Bright, Henry   
Abraham Brown (1579-1650) - Browne, Abraham, Lydia]]  51Hawkedon, SuffolkWatertown MAY 
Browne, James   
Browne, Richard, Elizabeth, George, Richard Jr.   
Buckland, William   
Bugby, Richard, Judith   
Bulgar, Richard,_______   
Burnell (Bunnell), William   
Burr, Jehu,_____, Jehu Jr.   
Burrows, Robert   
Cable, John   
Cakebread, Thomas, Sarah   
Chadwick, Charles, Elizabeth   
Chambers, Anne or Annie   
Chase, William   
Chauner, Margery   
Cheesebrough, William, Ann(Stevenson), Sarah, Peter, Samuel, Nathaniel   
Child, Ephraim, Elizabeth   
Church, Richard   
Clarke, John   
Clarke, William, Elizabeth   
Clough (Cluffe), Richard   
Cobbett, _____   
Coddington, William, Mary   
Colbron, William, Margery   
Colby, Anthony, Susanna (Haddon)   
Cole, John   
Cole, Rice, Arrold   
Cole, Robert   
Cole, Samuel, Anne   
Converse, Edward, Sarah, Phineas, John, Josiah, James   
Cooke, Margaret   
Cowlishaw, William, Anne   
Crabb, John   
Crafts, Griffin, Alice, Hannah   
Cranwell, John   
Cribb, Benjamin   
Crugott, James   
Dady, William, Dorothy   
Deekes (Dix), Edward, Jane   
Devereux, John   
Diffy, Richard   
Dillingham, John, Sarah (Caly), Sarah   
Dixon, William   
Doggett, John, ____, John Jr, Thomas   
Downing, James   
Dudley, Thomas, Dorothy (Yorke), Samuel, Anne, Patience, Sarah, Mercy, Thomas Jr.   
Dutton, ____   
Edmunds, John, Mary   
Eggleston, Bigod   
Ellis, Arthur   
Elston, John   
Fayeweather, Thomas   
Dady, William, Dones, Charles   
Finch, Abraham, Abraham Jr., Daniel, John   
Firmin, John   
Firmin, Giles Jr., Martha (Doggett)   
Fitzrandolph, Edward   
Fox, Thomas   
Foxwell, Richard, _____, John   
Freeman, Samuel, Apphia (Quick), Henry   
French, Thomas, Susan (Riddlesdale), Thomas Jr., Alice, Dorcas, Susan, Anne, John, Mary   
Frothingham, William, Anne   
Gage, John, Amy   
Gager, William, ____, _____ (servant to Dr. Gager name unknown)   
Garrett, Hugh   
Garrett, Richard, ___, Hannah, ____   
Gibson, Christopher, Mary   
Gibson, Elizabeth   
Glover, Ralph   
Glover, John, Anne   
Goldthwaite, Thomas, Elizabeth   
Gosnall, Henry, Mary   
Gosse (Goffe), John, Sarah   
Goulworth, John   
Gridley, Richard, Grace, Joseph, Abraham   
Gyver, Bridget,   
Haddon, Garrett, Margaret   
Hale, Robert, Joan   
Hall, John, Joan (Dove)   
Hammond, Phillipa   
Harding, Robert   
Harris, Thomas, Elizabeth   
Harwood, Henry, Elizabeth   
Hawke, ____   
Hawkins, John   
Hawthorne, William   
Hesselden, Franceis   
Hoames, Margaret   
Hoffe, ______   
Hopwood, Edward   
Horne, John   
Hosier, Samuel   
Howlett, Thomas   
Hudson, William, Susan, Francis, William Jr.   
Hulbirt, William   
Hutchins, Richard   
Hutchinson, George, Margaret   
Hutchinson, Thomas   
Ijons (Irons), Matthias, Anne   
James, Edmond, Reana   
James, Thomas, Elizabeth   
James, William, Elizabeth   
Jarvis, John   
Johnson, Davy   
Johnson, Francis, Joan   
Johnson, Isaac, Arbella   
Johnson, John, Margaret   
Johnson, Richard, Alice   
Jones, Bethia   
Jones, Edward   
Kidby, Lewis, ____, _____, Edward   
Kingsbury, Henry, Margaret, Henry Jr.   
Kingsbury, Thomas   
Knapp, Nicholas, Elinor   
Knapp, William, ____, John, Anne, Judith, Mary, James, John, WIlliam Jr.    YJames m. Elizabeth Warren (Below)
Knower, George   
Knower, Thomas   
Lamb, Edward   
Lamb, Thomas, Elizabeth, Thomas Jr., John, Samuel   
Lamb, Roger   
Lawson, Henry   
Learned, William, Judith   
Leatherland, William   
Legge, John   
Lockwood, Edmond, Elizabeth, _____   
Lockwood, Robert   
Lynton, Richard, ____, Anna, Lydia   
Lynn, Henry, Sarah   
Masters, Johrt   
Matson, Thomas, Amy (or Ann)   
Mayhew, Thomas, ____, Thomas Jr.   
Miller, ____   
Millett, Richard   
Mills, John, Susan, Joy, Mary, John Jr., Susanna, Recompense   
Morey, Roger   
Morley, Ralph, Catherine   
Morris, Richard, Lenora   
Morris, Thomas, Sarah   
Morton, Mary   
Moulton, Thomas, Jane   
Mousall, Ralph, Alice   
Munt, Thomas, Dorothy   
Nash, Gregory, _____   
Needham, Ann   
Nicolls, _____   
Nowell, Increase, Parnell (Gray) n, Jane, Sarah, Lyn (See Audley)   
Page, John, Phebe (Paine), John, Daniel   
Painter, Thomas, Katherine   
Palmer, Abraham, Grace   
Palsford, Edward   
Palsgrave, Richard, Anne, John, Anna, Mary, Sarah   
Parke, Robert, Martha (Chaplin), Thomas, ____, ____, ____   
Parker, Robert   
Patrick, Captain Daniel, ____   
Pelham, William   
Pemberton, James, Alice   
Pemberton, John, Elizabeth   
Penn, James, Katherine   
Penn, William   
Penniman, James, Lydia   
Perry, Isaac   
Peters (Pettit), Anne   
Phillips, Rev. George, ____, Samuel, Abigail, Elizabeth   
Phillips, John, Joan   
Phillips, John   
Pickering, John, Esther, George, John Jr., Joan   
Pickworth, John   
Pierce, John, Parnell, Experience, Mercy, Samuel   
Plaistow, Josiah   
Pollard, Mrs. Anne   
Pond, John   
Pond, Robert, Mary   
Porter, John, Margaret, ___, ___,___,___,   
Pratt, Dr. Abraham, Jane   
Pynchon, William, Agnes, John, Anne, Mary, Margaret   
Rainsford, Edward, ____   
Ratcliffe, Philip   
Rawlins, Thomas, Mary, Thomas Jr., Nathaniel, John, Joan, Mary   
Reade, Thomas, Priscilla   
Reading, Joseph   
Reading, Miles   
Reeder, ____   
Revell, John   
Reynolds, Robert, Mary, Nathaniel, Ruth, Tabitha, Sarah   
Richardson, Ezekiel, Susanna   
Royse (Ryse), Robert, Elizabeth   
Ruggles, John, Frances, ____   
Ruggles, Jeffrey, Margaret   
Sales, John, ___, Phebe   
Saltonstall, Sir Richard, Richard Jr, Samuel, Robert, Rosamond, Grace   
Sampson, Robert   
Sanford, John   
Saxton, Rev. Giles   
Scott, Robert   
Seaman, John   
Seely, Robert   
Sergeant, _____   
Sharp, Robert   
Sharpe, Thomas, ___, ___, Thomas   
Shut, _____   
Simpson, _____   
Smead, ___, Judith, William   
Smith, ____, __ look someone up   
Squire, Thomas   
Stearns, Isaac, Mary (Barker), John, Abigail, Elizabeth, Hannah, Mary   
Stileman, Elias, Judith (Adams), Elias Jr.   
Stoughton, Israel, Elizabeth   
Stoughton, Thomas, _____   
Sumner, William, Mary (West), William Jr.   
Swaddon, Philip   
Swanson, Anna   
Talmadge, William, _____   
Taylor, Gregory, Achsah   
Taylor, John, ____, ____   
Timewell, William   
Tomlins, Edward   
Turner, Nathaniel   
Turner, Robe_, ___, ____   
Tyndal, Arthur   
Smyt   
Underhill, John, Helen   
Vassall, William, Anne, Judith, Francis, John, Anne   
Wade, (Thomas)   
Walker, Robert, Sarah   
Wall, ____, ____   
____,_____ (Servant of Mr. Wall)   
Ward, Thomas   
Warren, John (1585-1667)  45Nayland, EnglandWatertown, MAY
Warren, Margaret (1587-1662) Wife43Nayland, EnglandWatertown, MAY 
Warren, John (1622-1703) Son8Nayland, EnglandWatertown, MAN 
Warren, Mary (1624-1691) Daughter6Nayland, EnglandWatertown, MANm. John Bigelow
Warren, Daniel (1628-1716) Son3Nayland, EnglandWatertown, MANm. Mary Barron
Warren, Elizabeth (1630-?) DaughterInfantNayland, EnglandWatertown, MANm. James Knapp (above)
Waterbury, William, Alice   
Waters, John, Frances, Mary, ___, ___   
Weaver, ____   
Webb, Richard, Elizabeth   
Weed, Jonas   
Weillust, Joist   
Weldon, Robert, Elizabeth   
Weston, Francis, Margaret, Lucy   
Wilbore, Samuel, Anne   
Willard, Simon William, Mary Sharpe   
Wilkinson, Prudence, Sarah, John, Elizabeth   
Williams, Thomas   
Williams, Thomas (alias Harris, may be same as preceding), Robert   
Wilsby, ____   
Wilson, John   
Wilton, David   
Wing, Elizabeth   
Winthrop, John (1587-1649) Henry, Stephen, Samuel ___,____ (x8) -- Winthrop had eight servants, names unknown41  YColony Governor
Woods, William   
Woolrich, John, Sarah   
Wormewood, _____   
Wright, Richard, Margaret, Eleanor, Robert   

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