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Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°29′E / 51.967, 5.483

Ingen
LocatieBuren.png
Map NL - Buren - Ingen.png
The town centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Ingen in the municipality of Buren.
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Municipality Buren
Population (2006) 990

Ingen is a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Buren, and lies about 9 km south-west of Veenendaal. Before 1999 the town was part of the municipality Lienden from 1818 till 1999. The houses are widely spread into a bowl form. The houses link to the townships De Ganzert and Eck en Wiel in the West.

HistoryEdit

In 1026 the town is known as Heiningen. Heiningen refers to Hangim, that means something like near the holy. Another possibility is that it's not Heiningen but Einingen, which could refer to the meadows of the town. Some people also think that Heiningen isn't the town of Ingen and that Ingen is named in records for the first time in the 14th age. The name could then come from Ingeborg, a god of the Vikings, or from the family Ingenhe from the 13th age.

LimesEdit

The Limes was the border of the Roman Empire. The Limes was a connection between the Castella (forts) of the northern part of the Roman Empire. It was used as a highway to move the legions between the forts along the border. Geographical research shows that Ingen lies next to this road.

Limes in Northern Europe

Location of the German Limes in connection with the present borders of states.

ChurchEdit

Already in 1248, the church of Ingen is named in a charter. Nowadays, the church is Dutch reformed. The church was dedicated to Saint Lambertus of Maastricht. The church had three altars in 1495. The history of the church is connected to the Commanderie van Sint Jan. The first record of the order is in 1317. The insignia of the order can be found on a pillar in the church. In the 15th age there has been a huge renovation. The church was partially destroyed in the 17th age. Also in the 19th age the church had some problems. In the 1990s the church was renovated extensively again. In the church stands a baptismal font from the 12th age.

FerryEdit

The town is built next to the river Neder-Rijn, that is a separation of the river Rijn. In 1486 there already was a pedestrian ferry, to make transport across the river more easy. King William I of the Netherlands gave the owners permission to upgrade the pedestrian ferry to a pontoon ferry in 1821. The ferry and the ferryboat were then known as Ingensche Veer. The ferry line is still there today and has a new (2003) ferryboat in service called Geldersweert. The name Geldersweert refers to a castle that stood west of the ferry in a floodplain. The ferry had always been property of noble families, until 1912. The last noble owner was Anne Willen Jacob Joost Baron van Nagell, who inter alia was a chamberlain of King William III of the Netherlands. He sold the ferry to his exploitant, Frans Spies. This family still owns the ferry nowadays.

WWIIEdit

During WWII, the family Spies had to evacuate from the ferry house, in September 1944. The Germans manned the ferry, and the citizens weren't allowed to cross the Rhine any more. The Germans even used the old ferryboat a little further upwards the Rhine and placed it between Elst and Rhenen. They also placed 30 pieces of anti-aircraft. The Germans called the ferry house 'the Haunted House' during the war, because the ferry and the house were attacked three times a day by British fighter-bombers, but neither was ever hit. A few weeks before the liberation, the Allies also began bombarding from Ede, what resulted in a grenade that came into the facade and the roof of the ferry house. The old ferryboat was hit by a V1.

Ingensche Veer
Ingensche Veer

World War IIEdit

During World War II, Ingen didn't really see or feel the violence of the war even though it lies very close to the Grebbeberg. The Grebbeberg is a 50.2-metre high hill that was the central defensive point in 1940 for the centre and the west of the Netherlands. This hill was difficult to capture and a very good observation post for the troops. The Germans launched an assault on the Grebbeberg with heavy artillery but the Dutch soldiers remarkably defended the Grebbeberg with almost nothing to defend them with. No evacuation was possible for the inhabitants of Ingen because the area of Ingen, Lienden and Ommeren was right in the middle of the battle and the area could not be lost. But on 12 May 1940 the Dutch soldiers retreated to the Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie. And on 15 May, the Netherlands surrendered. This fast capitulation has spared Ingen of the German violence. The German soldiers went through Ingen but that was all.

Picture of Grebbeberg

Grebbeberg, the Netherlands, seen from the south.

And also in 1944, in the airborne operation on Arnhem, Ingen was of no strategical use. But on the night of 3 December 1944 the Germans used an old Dutch defence: they destroyed the dikes of the Rhine south of Arnhem. The whole Neder-Betuwe flooded. On 7 December, the water reached Ingen. Because of the water, the waterworks began to malfunction. The bad water caused scabies and typhus. The Germans fled to the northern shore of the Rhine. On 22 December the water began to flow back. But the Germans came back too. They took the last cattle and possessions the inhabitants had. In February, the water came back again. And again the Germans fled to the northern shore of the Rhine. This time the water stayed for four weeks. On 4 May, everything was over, the Germans capitulated in the Netherlands.

In April 1946 Kinge van der Linden sang a song with the Metropole Orkest conducted by Dolf van der Linden. The song would gain national prominence. A part of the song translated into English goes like this: Once the Betuwe will be in bloom again, and will grow as one big, yellow grain.[1]

EconomyEdit

Ingen lies next to the river Neder-Rijn and is thereby a very fertile area. You can find a lot of orchards around Ingen. The horticulture is characteristic for Ingen. The first decade after World War II was the golden decade for Ingen. The government pushed the agriculture to a higher level because they wanted to compete on the world market with other countries. They mechanised the agriculture that resulted in a higher production. But where other farms in the Netherlands became bigger 'companies', in the Betuwe the amount of farmers with between 1 hectare (approximately 2.5 acres) and 5 hectares (approximately 12.4 acres) raised with 96 percent. The inhabitants had a good time too: in 1950 0.9 litres of beer per capita was consumed and in 1960 23.9 litres.

PopulationEdit

In 2001, the town of Ingen had 758 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.15 km2, and contained 266 residences.[2] The statistical area "Ingen", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 1010.[3]

In 2011, the municipality of Buren had 26,013 inhabitants.[4] In 2008, Ingen had 795 inhabitants.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chris van Esterik, Een jongen van het dorp - Honderd jaar Ingen, een dorp in de Betuwe, Bert Bakker, ISBN 9789035125995. pg. 133.
  2. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001
  3. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005
  4. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Demografische Kerncijfers per gemeente 2011
  5. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen 2008

SourcesEdit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Ingen, Netherlands. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.