Jaintia Hills district

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Jaintia Hills district

Location of Jaintia Hills district in Meghalaya
State Meghalaya, Flag of India.svg India
Headquarters Jowai
Area 3,819 km2 (1,475 sq mi)
Population 295,692 (2001)
Literacy 53%
Assembly Seats 7
Major highways NH-44, NH-40
Official website

Jaintia Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. The present district was created in 22 February 1972 and occupies an area of 3819 km². It has a population of 295,692 (as of 2001), of which a vast majority is rural. The district headquarters are located at Jowai. The district is part of the Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion.[1]

For the tribal division into twelve elaka (provinces), each under a dolloi, tributary to the Raja of Jaintiapur. Agriculture and mining are the dominant economic activities. The district has large reserves of coal and is the largest producer of coal within Meghalaya.


The district is bounded by Assam on the east and north, East Khasi Hills district on the west and has an international border with Bangladesh on the south.


File:Cement Plant MCL.jpg

Although the mainstay of the district is agriculture, however due to the abundance of Limestone, plenty of Cement factories have been set up in the district. More are set to come up. Coal mining is also one of the major activities set up here.Coal mined here is mostly exported to Bangladesh and Assam


Administrative divisionsEdit

Jaintia Hills district is divided into five blocks:[2]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Amlarem Amlarem
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Amlarem
Khliehriat Khliehriat
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Khliehriat
Laskein Laskein
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Laskein
Saipung Saipung
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Saipung
Thadlaskein Thadlaskein
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Thadlaskein


Since it is land locked region and lack of railways and airport, the only means of transportation is roadways. The main highway which runs through the district is NH 40 and NH 44.


According to the 2011 census Jaintia Hills district has a population of 392,852 ,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Maldives.[4] This gives it a ranking of 558th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 103 inhabitants per square kilometre (270 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.34 %.[3] Jaintia Hills has a sex ratio of 1008 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 63.26 %.[3]


Languages include Hmar/Biate, a spoken by approximately 20 000 members of its namesake tribe.[5]


Places of interestEdit

Jaintia Hills boasts of exquisite natural beauty. Few of the places of interest in Jaintia hills are listed below:

  • Monolith in Nartiang[6] - Touted as the tallest monolith in the world.
  • Thadlaskein Lake - A lake supposedly build by Sajar Nagli and his followers.
  • Caves in Lumshnong and Syndai - One of the largest cave network in Asia.[7][8]


Although Jaintia Hills is not known as an education hub. Good schools and colleges do exist in Jowai and Khliehriat. Prominent Colleges in Jaintia hills include Jowai Polytechnic and Kiang Nangbah Govt. College, Jowai which offers degree courses in arts and science. Jowai has good schools too for Secondary and Higher Secondary level.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions [map] (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Maldives 394,999 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Biete: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ "Tallest Monolith". 2009-02-17. 
  7. ^ . 
  8. ^ . 

External linksEdit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jaintia Hills district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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