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Jalgaon district (Marathi: जळगाव जिल्हा) is a district of Maharashtra. It was formerly known as East Khandesh district. It has an area of 11,765 km², and a population of 3,682,690 (2001 census) of which 71.4% were rural.
The present territory of the district was part of the independent Khandesh Sulatanate ruled by the Faruqi dynasty from 1382-1601. After, annexation by Akbar in 1601, it became a part of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the Nizam and the Marathas. In the early 18th century, Khandesh was captured by British troops from the Holkar ruler and a new district, Khandesh District was formed with its headquarters at Dhulia. Robert Gill was the first administrator of the British East India Company in Khandesh District. In 1906, when Khandesh district was bifurcated into two district, the present territory of Jalgaon district became East Khandesh district with its headquarters at Jalgaon. In 1956, after the reorganisation of the states, East Khandesh district was included in Bombay state and with the formation of Maharashtra state on May 1, 1960, East Khandesh district became a part of the state. It was renamed as Jalgaon district on October 21, 1960.
Major crops produced in this district are banana, cotton, sorghum, wheat, millet, lime, groundnut and sugarcane.
The major industries in this district include: Khandesh Central Shopping Complex promoted by crescent entertainment and tourism limited the first Shpping complex in Jalgaon with multiplexes, national and international retailers, leisure space and entertainment destination
- Jain Irrigation Systems is a multinational company, manufacturer of Irrigation, Pipe, Plastic Sheet, Solar Energy Systems.
- Supreme Pipes Ltd. is one of the important industry in Jalgaon having branches in India.
- Emco Transformers
- Dal mills
- Marico Industries
- Vaneera Hi-Tech, a software unit
The district consists 15 talukas (tahsils). These are Jalgaon, Jamner, Erandol, Dharangaon, Bhusawal, Bodwad, Yawal, Raver, Muktainagar, Amalner, Chopda, Parola, Pachora, Chalisgaon and Bhadgaon. Jalgaon city is the administrative headquarters of this district.
Presently, there are 11 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies in this district. These are: Chopda, Raver, Bhusawal, Jalgaon City, Jalgaon Rural, Amalner, Erandol, Chalisgaon, Pachora, Jamner and Muktainagar. Raver and Jalgaon are the two Lok Sabha constituencies in the district.
According to the 2011 census Jalgaon district has a population of 4,224,442, roughly equal to the Republic of the Congo or the US state of Kentucky. This gives it a ranking of 46th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 359 inhabitants per square kilometre (930 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.71 %. Jalgaon has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 79.73 %.
Languages spoken include Ahirani, a Kandeshi tongue with approximately 780 000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili; Bareli Palya, a Bhil language with approximately 10 000 speakers centred in Madhya Pradesh; and Bareli Rathwi, another Bhil language with approximately 64 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script and mutually unintelligible with Bareli Palya.
The major Marathi language newspapers published from the Jalgaon city are: Deshdoot, Deshonnati, Lokmat and Sakal.
Notable personalities Edit
- Bahinabai Chaudhari
- Haribhau Jawale
- Annasaheb M K Patil
- Sane Guruji
- Pratibha Patil
- Eknath Khadse
- [madhukarrao chaudhari]
Places of interest Edit
In the district include Asoda, Adavad, Amalner, Bhusawal, Changdev, (Chinchol) Kapileshwar Pal & Yawal, Padmalaya, Patanadevi, Parola : Shree Balaji, Unapdev, and the Satpuda Manudevi Temple, Adgaon. Ajanta Caves are only 50 km from Jalgaon. Munjoba Devasthan is located in Waghod in Raver taluka. Sant Muktaibai temple is located at a distance fo 60–km from Jalgaon.
- ^ 
- ^ "History". Jalgaon district website. http://jalgaon.gov.in/Html/History.htm.
- ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. http://ceo.maharashtra.gov.in/acs.php.
- ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Congo, Republic of the 4,243,929"
- ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Kentucky 4,339,367"
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Ahirani: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ahr. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Bareli, Palya: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bpx. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Bareli, Rathwi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgd. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Munjoba devsthan Atrawal; zugadevi temple near Bhusawal; pavitra Tajuddin baba hill station. Prachin Nateshwar maharaj mandie and Sati kamaladevi mandir, Lasur tal Chopada.
|Barwani district, Madhya Pradesh||West Nimar district, Madhya Pradesh||Burhanpur district, Madhya Pradesh|
|Nashik district||Aurangabad district||Buldana district|
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