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Jefferson County, Kansas

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Coordinates: 39°13′N 95°24′W / 39.217, -95.4

Jefferson County, Kansas
Jefferson county courthouse kansas
Jefferson County Courthouse in Oskaloosa
Map of Kansas highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of USA KS
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Oskaloosa
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

556.94 sq mi (1,442 km²)
536.11 sq mi (1,389 km²)
20.83 sq mi (54 km²), 3.74%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

19,126
35.2/sq mi (13.6/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jfcountyks.com

Jefferson County (county code JF) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 19,126.[1] Its county seat is Oskaloosa, and its most populous city is Valley Falls.[2] The county along with Shawnee, Jackson, Osage, and Wabaunsee counties is included in the Topeka, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

Settlement of the county was slowed by events prior to and during the Civil War, but the present day unincorporated community of Thompsonville (3 miles northwest of Perry on the Delaware River) was the first established in 1851 by Mormon settlers who initially refused to accompany the main group led by Brigham Young to the Salt Lake Valley. The settlement was first abandoned due to the violence resulting from the border wars, but was re-established when the Civil War ended.

Law and governmentEdit

Jefferson County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[3]

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 556.94 square miles (1,442.5 km2), of which 536.11 square miles (1,388.5 km2) (or 96.26%) is land and 20.83 square miles (53.9 km2) (or 3.74%) is water.[4]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 17,533
1910 15,826 −9.7%
1920 14,750 −6.8%
1930 14,129 −4.2%
1940 12,718 −10.0%
1950 11,084 −12.8%
1960 11,252 1.5%
1970 11,945 6.2%
1980 15,207 27.3%
1990 15,905 4.6%
2000 18,426 15.9%
2010 19,126 3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
USA Jefferson County, Kansas age pyramid

Population pyramid

Map of Jefferson Co, Ks, USA

2005 KDOT Map of Jefferson County (map legend)

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[5] there were 18,426 people, 6,830 households, and 5,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,491 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.70% White, 0.92% Native American, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.

There were 6,830 households out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.20% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,535, and the median income for a family was $50,557. Males had a median income of $36,174 versus $25,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,373. About 5.30% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns Edit

Incorporated citiesEdit

Name and population (2006 estimate):

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Jefferson County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Delaware 17425 Valley Falls 2,034 9 (23) 229 (88) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°21′6″N 95°28′31″W / 39.35167, -95.47528
Fairview 22525 Rural Ozawkie 1,510 22 (56) 70 (27) 20 (8) 22.20% 39°10′49″N 95°26′50″W / 39.18028, -95.44722
Jefferson 35250 Winchester 1,240 8 (21) 151 (58) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°19′37″N 95°16′11″W / 39.32694, -95.26972
Kaw 36125 Grantville 1,409 16 (43) 86 (33) 2 (1) 1.78% 39°5′41″N 95°32′55″W / 39.09472, -95.54861
Kentucky 36575 Perry 1,576 17 (44) 93 (36) 14 (5) 13.18% 39°5′18″N 95°24′42″W / 39.08833, -95.41167
Norton 51475 Nortonville 955 9 (25) 101 (39) 0 (0) 0.30% 39°24′13″N 95°18′47″W / 39.40361, -95.31306
Oskaloosa 53400 Oskaloosa 2,142 14 (37) 149 (58) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°13′12″N 95°18′58″W / 39.22, -95.31611
Ozawkie 53950 Ozawkie 1,408 15 (38) 97 (37) 14 (5) 12.74% 39°14′32″N 95°26′3″W / 39.24222, -95.43417
Rock Creek 60575 Meriden 2,718 19 (50) 140 (54) 1 (1) 0.92% 39°12′52″N 95°32′58″W / 39.21444, -95.54944
Rural 61700 Williamstown 804 10 (25) 82 (32) 1 (0) 1.14% 39°4′31″N 95°18′52″W / 39.07528, -95.31444
Sarcoxie 63100 Rural Lawrence 958 12 (31) 80 (31) 0 (0) 0.45% 39°5′13″N 95°14′50″W / 39.08694, -95.24722
Union 72150 McLouth 1,672 15 (39) 111 (43) 0 (0) 0.30% 39°12′41″N 95°12′26″W / 39.21139, -95.20722
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html. 

Education Edit

Unified school districts Edit

See alsoEdit

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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