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Jefferson County, Mississippi

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Jefferson County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of USA MS
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Fayette
Largest city Fayette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

527 sq mi (1,365 km²)
520 sq mi (1,347 km²)
7.3 sq mi (19 km²), 1.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

7,726
15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://www.jeffersoncountyms.gov/

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi; its western border is formed by the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,726,[1] making it the third-least populous county in Mississippi. Its county seat is Fayette.[2] The county is named for U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.[3]

Originally developed as cotton plantations in the antebellum era, the rural county has struggled with a declining economy and reduced population since the mechanization of agriculture and urbanization of other areas. In 2014 its estimated population of 7599 was roughly one-third of the population peak in 1900. Within the United States, in 2009 rural Jefferson County had the highest percentage of African Americans of any county. It was the fourth-poorest county in the nation.[4]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 527 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.4%) is water.[5]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 2,940
1810 4,001 36.1%
1820 6,822 70.5%
1830 9,755 43.0%
1840 11,650 19.4%
1850 13,193 13.2%
1860 15,349 16.3%
1870 13,848 −9.8%
1880 17,314 25.0%
1890 18,947 9.4%
1900 21,292 12.4%
1910 18,221 −14.4%
1920 15,946 −12.5%
1930 14,291 −10.4%
1940 13,969 −2.3%
1950 11,306 −19.1%
1960 10,142 −10.3%
1970 9,295 −8.4%
1980 9,181 −1.2%
1990 8,653 −5.8%
2000 9,740 12.6%
2010 7,726 −20.7%
Est. 2015 7,507 [6] −22.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,726 people residing in the county. 85.7% were Black or African American, 13.7% White, 0.2% Native American and 0.3% of two or more races. 0.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 9,740 people, 3,308 households, and 2,338 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 3,819 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 13.06% White, 86.49% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.02% from other races, and 0.24% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Jefferson County has the highest percentage of black residents of any U.S. county.

There were 3,308 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.00% were married couples living together, 28.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was much younger than the national average with 28.80% under the age of 18, 12.10% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 19.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,447, and the median income for a family was $23,188. Males had a median income of $25,726 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,709. About 32.50% of families and 36.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.00% of those under age 18 and 34.40% of those age 65 or over.

In 2009, Jefferson County has the lowest per capita income in Mississippi and the 17th lowest in the United States.[4]

EducationEdit

Jefferson County School District operates public schools.

Alcorn State University, a four year historically black college, is located in Lorman.

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost towns or defunctEdit

See alsoEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/28/28063.html. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 168. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA168#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ a b "King: They'll take small victories in struggling Mississippi county." CNN. 25 September 2009, Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_28.txt. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/counties/totals/2015/CO-EST2015-alldata.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ms190090.txt. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 31°44′N 91°02′W / 31.73, -91.03


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, Mississippi. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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