Jessamine County, Kentucky

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Jessamine County, Kentucky
Jessamine County Kentucky Courthouse
Jessamine County courthouse in Nicholasville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Jessamine County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for Jessamine Creek
Seat Nicholasville
Largest city Nicholasville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

175 sq mi (453 km²)
172 sq mi (445 km²)
2.4 sq mi (6 km²), 1.4%
 - (2010)
 - Density

282/sq mi (109/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Jessamine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,586.[1] Its county seat is Nicholasville.[2] The county was founded in December of 1798.[3]

Jessamine County is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is within the Inner Blue Grass region, long a center of farming and blooded stock raising, including thoroughbred horses. The legislature established a commercial wine industry here in the late 18th century.


Jessamine County was established in 1798 from land given by Fayette County. Jessamine was the 36th Kentucky county in order of formation.[4] The county was named for Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler.[5][6] Most of the early pioneers were from Virginia, who came through the mountains after the American Revolutionary War.

In the late 18th century, the Kentucky General Assembly passed a bill to establish a commercial vineyard and winery, based in Nicholasville and the first in the state. Wine making based on European grapes became widespread in the United States. After the Prohibition era, which lasted from 1920 to 1933, the county voted to prohibit alcohol sales. As it allowed an exception for the "wet" city of Nicholasville, where package alcohol sales are allowed, it is classified as "dry." The Chrisman Mill Vineyards is authorized to operate and sell its product in the dry portion of the county.[7]

Geography Edit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 175 square miles (450 km2), of which 172 square miles (450 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (1.4%) is water.[8]

Adjacent countiesEdit


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 5,461
1810 8,377 53.4%
1820 9,297 11.0%
1830 9,960 7.1%
1840 9,396 −5.7%
1850 10,249 9.1%
1860 9,465 −7.6%
1870 8,638 −8.7%
1880 10,864 25.8%
1890 11,248 3.5%
1900 11,925 6.0%
1910 12,613 5.8%
1920 12,205 −3.2%
1930 12,431 1.9%
1940 12,174 −2.1%
1950 12,458 2.3%
1960 13,625 9.4%
1970 17,430 27.9%
1980 26,146 50.0%
1990 30,508 16.7%
2000 39,041 28.0%
2010 48,586 24.4%
Est. 2013 50,173 28.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]
Kentucky USA142

Sunrise over a rural farm in Jessamine County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 39,041 people, 13,867 households, and 10,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 226 per square mile (87 /km2). There were 14,646 housing units at an average density of 85 per square mile (33 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.44% White, 3.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,867 households out of which 38.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 18.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 26.40% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,096, and the median income for a family was $46,152. Males had a median income of $32,340 versus $23,771 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,842. About 8.40% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation Edit

The Lexington Area MPO is responsible for transportation planning for Fayette and Jessamine counties. This includes activities such as carpool matching, administering a commuter vanpool program, air quality forecasting, bicycle and pedestrian planning, congestion management, and developing transportation plans and documents.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Jessamine County". Retrieved April 16, 2013. 
  4. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. pp. 26. 
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 35. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 169. 
  7. ^ "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky". Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°52′N 84°35′W / 37.87, -84.58

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jessamine County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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