Joan Beaufort (c1406-1445)

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Joan Beaufort was born circa 1406 to John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (c1373-1410) and Margaret Holland (1385-1439) and died 15 July 1445 in Dunbar, East Lothian of unspecified causes. She married James I of Scotland (1394-1437) 2 February 1423 . She married James Stewart (c1383-aft1451) 1438 . Notable ancestors include Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from Belgium, the United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, the Netherlands, England, Byzantium, the Byzantine Empire, Portugal, Hungary, Belarus, Italy.

Joan Beaufort (c. 1404 – 15 July 1445), was Queen Consort of the Kingdom of Scotland from 1424 to 1437, being married to James I of Scotland. She was a daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland. Her paternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his mistress and later third wife Katherine Swynford. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. Alice was a daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

On 2 February 1424 at Southwark Cathedral, Joan married James I, shortly before he was formally crowned. They were feasted at Winchester Palace that year by her uncle Henry Cardinal Beaufort. She is said to have been the inspiration of James's famous long poem, The Kingis Quair. They had eight children, including the future James II, and Margaret of Scotland, wife of Louis XI of France. After James I was assassinated in 1437, she took over the regency for her son.

In 1439 Joan married James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn (~1383 - >1451).


Offspring of Joan Beaufort and James I of Scotland (1394-1437)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Margaret Stewart (1424-1445) 25 December 1424 Perth, Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom 16 August 1445 Châlons-sur-Marne, France Louis XI de Valois (1423-1483)

Isabella Stewart (1426-1494) 1426 1493 François I de Bretagne (1414-1450)

Eleanor Stewart (1427-1480)
Mary Stewart (1428-1465)
Joan Stewart (c1428-1486) 1428 United Kingdom 16 October 1486 James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus (-1446)
James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton (-1493)

Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (1430-1430)
James II, King of Scotland (1430-1460) 16 October 1430 Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom 3 August 1460 Roxburgh Castle, Scotland, United Kingdom Mary of Guelders (c1434-1463)

Annabelle Stewart (1432-1509) 1432 Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom 27 June 1509 Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva
George Gordon (1428-1501)

Offspring of Joan Beaufort and James Stewart (c1383-aft1451)
Name Birth Death Joined with
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (c1440-1512) 1440 15 September 1512 Eleanor Sinclair (c1457-1518)

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan (1442-1499)
Andrew Stewart (1443-1501)

Sources and notes

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