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Joan Beaufort (c1406-1445)

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Biography

Joan Beaufort was born circa 1406 to John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (c1373-1410) and Margaret Holland (1385-1439) and died 15 July 1445 in Dunbar, East Lothian of unspecified causes. She married James I of Scotland (1394-1437) 2 February 1423 JL . She married James Stewart (c1383-aft1451) 1438 JL . Notable ancestors include Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from Belgium, the United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, the Netherlands, England, Byzantium, the Byzantine Empire, Portugal, Hungary, Belarus, Italy.


Joan Beaufort (c. 1404 – 15 July 1445), was Queen Consort of the Kingdom of Scotland from 1424 to 1437, being married to James I of Scotland. She was a daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland. Her paternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his mistress and later third wife Katherine Swynford. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. Alice was a daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

On 2 February 1424 at Southwark Cathedral, Joan married James I, shortly before he was formally crowned. They were feasted at Winchester Palace that year by her uncle Henry Cardinal Beaufort. She is said to have been the inspiration of James's famous long poem, The Kingis Quair. They had eight children, including the future James II, and Margaret of Scotland, wife of Louis XI of France. After James I was assassinated in 1437, she took over the regency for her son.

In 1439 Joan married James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn (~1383 - >1451).



Children


Offspring of Joan Beaufort and James I of Scotland (1394-1437)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Margaret Stewart (1424-1445) <year not a number> Perth, Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom <year not a number> Châlons-sur-Marne, France Louis XI de Valois (1423-1483)

Isabella Stewart (1426-1494) <year not a number> <year not a number> François I de Bretagne (1414-1450)

Eleanor Stewart (1427-1480)
Mary Stewart (1428-1465)
Joan Stewart (c1428-1486) <year not a number> United Kingdom <year not a number> James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Angus (-1446)
James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton (-1493)

Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (1430-1430)
James II, King of Scotland (1430-1460) <year not a number> Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom <year not a number> Roxburgh Castle, Scotland, United Kingdom Mary of Guelders (c1434-1463)

Annabelle Stewart (1432-1509) <year not a number> Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom <year not a number> Perthshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva
George Gordon (1428-1501)

Offspring of Joan Beaufort and James Stewart (c1383-aft1451)
Name Birth Death Joined with
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (c1440-1512) <year not a number> <year not a number> Eleanor Sinclair (c1457-1518)

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan (1442-1499)
Andrew Stewart (1443-1501)





Sources and notes

‡ General


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