John Makeléer, 1st Baronet (1604-1666)

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John Makeléer, 1st Baronet of Duart was born 1604 in Scotland, United Kingdom to Hector Og Maclean, 15th Chief (1572-1630) and Isabella Atcheson of Gosford and died 7 July 1666 in Sweden of unspecified causes. He married Anna Gubbertz (c1608-1653) 1629 in Gothenburg, Sweden. He married Lilian Hamilton (c1610-) 30 December 1655 . He married Anna Thompson (c1610-) .
John Makeléer, 1st Baronet
Sex: Male
Birth: 1604 (412 years ago)
Duart, Scotland
Death: July 7, 1666 (age 62)
Father: Hector Og MacLean (1572-1630)
Mother: Isabella Atcheson of Gosford
Siblings: Donald MacLean, 1st Laird of Brolas
Spouse/Partner: Anna Gubbertz (c1608-1653)
Marriage: 1629
Gothenburg, Sweden
Children: Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633-1663)
Catharina Makeléer (1637-1709)
Anna Makeléer (1638-1646)
Lunetta Makeléer (1639-1693) ^
Gustaf Adolf Makeléer (1641-1706)
Elsa Beata Makeléer (1643-1730)
David Makeléer (1646-1708)
2nd Spouse: Lilis Hamilton
2nd Marriage: December 30, 1655
3rd Spouse: Anna Thompson
3rd Marriage: after 1656
Note(s): ^ Winblad line
Gåsevadholm CIMG2091

Gåsevadholm Castle

John Makeléer, 1st Baronet (b. 1604; Scotland - d. July 7, 1666; Sweden) was Lord of Gåsevadholm Castle, and Hageby and Hammarö. He lived in Gothenburg, Sweden.[1][2] He was made a Baronet of Duart by Charles II of England and was made Lord of Gåsevadholm, Hageby, and Hammarö by Christina of Sweden in 1649.[1][3][4][5]

Name variations

  • John Makeléer, 1st Baronet
  • John Makeléer
  • John Hans Makeléer
  • John MacLean, Iain Dubh Baronet
  • John Macklier
  • Hans Makeléer
  • John Maclean


The Makeléers are Swedish House of Nobility noble family number 513.


John Maclean was born in 1604 at Duart Castle, on the Isle of Mull, in Argyll, Scotland.[3][6] He was the son of Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief and Isabella Atcheson of Gosford and his full brother was Donald MacLean, 1st Laird of Brolas[7][8][9] Isabella was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet. John MacLean then became an officer in the Royal Navy.


Emigration and first marriage

He emigrated to Gothenburg, Sweden in 1620, where he had an uncle that worked as a merchant.[3][4][10] Now known as John Makeléer or Hans Makeléer, he worked as a merchant, and married Anna Gubbertz (c1608-1653) or Anna Quickelberry in 1629 in Gothenburg, Sweden.[3][11] Anna's sister was married to one of John's relatives, Jacob Makeléer (Jacob Macklier).[12][13] He was named a town councilor in 1640 and remained one through 1650.[4]


Offspring of John Makeléer, 1st Baronet of Duart and Anna Gubbertz (c1608-1653)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Isabella Makeléer (1630-1639)
Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633-1663)
Jacob Makeléer (1632-1663)
Johan Makeléer, 2nd Baronet
Peter Makeléer (1644-1697)
Gustavus Makeléer
Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633-1663)
Maria Makeléer
Catharina Makeléer (1637-1709)
Eliza Makeléer
Anna Makeléer (1638-1646)
Lunetta Makeléer (1639-1693)
Maria Sophia Makeléer (1640-1721)
Gustaf Adolf Makeléer (1641-1706)
Elsa Beata Makeléer (1643-1730)
David Makeléer (1646-1708)

John Hans Makeléer and Anna had about sixteen children, with ten surviving to adulthood.[2][14]

  1. Isabella Makeléer (1630-1639)
  2. Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633-1663) who died at age 30.[2]
  3. Jacob Makeléer (1632-1663) was in the service of Charles XI of Sweden in England. He married Catherine Cochrane, the daughter of Colonel John Cochrane. Jacob may have taken his own life during an illness.[2][15]
  4. Johan Makeléer, 2nd Baronet (c1630-1696), of the Gothenburg Court of Justice. He married Anna Margareta Gordon.[2][7][16]
  5. Peter Makeléer (1644-1697) was colonel and commandant in Stralsund, Sweden, and he married Abella Sophia von Plessen, daughter of Daniel von Plessen (1606-1672).[2]
  6. Gustavus Makeléer was colonel for the Swedish Empire and commandant in Gothenburg.[2]
  7. Carl Leonard Makeléer (1633-1663)
  8. Maria Makeléer who married general David Duncan. He was in the service of the King of Denmark.[2]
  9. Catharina Makeléer (1637-1709) who married, first, Colonel David Sinclair, and secondly, General Baron Malcolm Hamilton, 1st Friherre of Hageby (1635-1699).[2][13][17]
  10. Eliza Makeléer, she was married to major Cailenkerheilm.[2]
  11. Anna Makeléer (1638-1646)
  12. Lunetta Makeléer (1639-1693) who married Joachim Cronman (c1635-1703).[18] He was a colonel and the commandant at Neumünde.[19][20]
  13. Maria Sophia Makeléer (1640-1721)[21]
  14. Gustaf Adolf Makeléer (1641-1706) who was a captain for the Swedish Empire who married Sara Carlberg (1647-1701) on February 18, 1694 in Gothenburg, Sweden. She was born on January 31, 1647 to Johan Börjesson and Kristina Spak (1616-?). She died on May 12, 1701 in Sweden.
  15. Elsa Beata Makeléer (1643-1730) who married major Mårten Christiensson Anckarhielm (c1640-1677) on July 1, 1666.[18]
  16. David Makeléer, 1st Friherre (1645-1708), a general for the Swedish Empire and the first governor of Älvsborg County, Sweden from 1693 to 1708. He married the countess of Arenberg. He had five sons and two daughters, of whom John Aldolphus MacLean was general for the Swedish Empire and colonel of the Life Guards.[2][22][23]

Second marriage

In 1635 he loaned 1,150 thalers to Queen Christina of Sweden to supply her army at a time when the royal treasury was depleted.[1] In May 1649 he was awarded a Baronet by Charles II of England.[4][16][24]

On 30 December 1655 he married Lilian Hamilton.[11][12] After her death he married Anna Thompson. He died in 1666.[4][11]

Writings about John Hans Makeléer (1604-1666)

Jonas Berg and Bo Lagercrantz in Scots in Sweden write:

On November 15, 1649, James Graham, 5th Earl of Montrose, arrived in Gothenburg from Copenhagen, and stayed with a Scottish merchant, James Maclean, who had been raised to the nobility in May of 1649, under the name Makeléer. Maclean, or Makeléer had been an officer in the British Royal Navy before settling in Gothenburg in 1629. He had always been a warm supporter of the House of Stuart.

Th. A. Fischer in The Scots in Sweden (1907) writes:

Of the families named above, the Macliers (or Macleans), the Sinclairs, and the Spaldings were the most prominent. We shall not enter into the fabulous genealogy of the Macleans, with their forty-two descents from some Irish chieftain, who was part-owner of an ark at the time of Noah. Suffice it to say that one Hans (John) Maclier, son of Hector Maclean, fifth Baron of Dowart, came to Göteborg in 1620, settled in business, and succeeded so well that he became a town councillor (1640-1650). The burial-list of the Christina church says of him that “he was ennobled by his Majesty of Sweden in 1649 as Lord of Gåsevadholm, Hageby, and Hammarö, and by His Majesty of England as Baronet of Dowart on account of great good services rendered to both their Royal Majesties. He lived till 1666.” He also acted as Royal Banker. In the year 1635 he advanced the sum of 1150 thalers to Queen Christina at a time when the Exchequer was exhausted and new armaments were urgently required. His intimate business connection with Charles II., King of England, appears from several Royal letters, [See Biographica, Rikv. A. Maclier. These important letters are given in the Supplement in extenso.] dated respectively 24th Dec. 1650, 24th Feb. 1651, 19th March 1651, and 28th Dec. 1652. In the first of these the King begs “his trusted and well-beloved John Macklier” to hasten the sending of arms and ammunition, of which he stood in great need “to this our sad condition of Scotland.” This Maclier had already done in 1649, and again in 1650, but 'each time his ships, the Unicorn with twelve guns bound for France, and the King David with twenty-four, and the Mary with twelve iron cannons, were taken by the “Usurping Power,” and with their cargoes confiscated by the sentence of the Admiralty. The two latter ships had sailed, it appears, with a fleet of Gothenburg ships which after strict examination were set at liberty, whilst those of Maclier, “only because they belonged to an enemy of the Commonwealth,” were retained as good and lawful prizes. This declaration is given and duly witnessed by the two masters of the said ships and two other captains of the Gothenburg vessels on the 26th of August 1650 at “Gothenburg.” In the second letter King Charles recommends the bearer Captain Frederick Cooke, referring at the same time to a former Royal Messenger sent to Sweden “for some affaires.” The third letter announces to Maclier, who in the meantime has become Sir John Maclier, Bart., that James, Viscount of Newbury, has received 150 cases of Pistols at 8 Dollars a pair, and 50 Carabines at 3 Riks-Dollars a piece, and that the King owns himself to be indebted to the sum of 1350 Riks-Dollars, which shall be paid unto the said Sir John or his “assignes” “so soone as it shall please God to enable us”(!). In the fourth and last Royal letter the King desires Maclier to hand the remaining arms and ammunition to Major-General Middleton, “he being the person to whose conduct we have entrusted the managing of the martial affairs with reference to our Kingdom of Scotland and for the freeing of our good subjects there from the dishonour of slavery they are at present compelled to submit to.” Again in 1654, David Wemeys, merchant-burgess of Dundee, is sent to Gothenburg. He has in the meantime examined Maclier’s accounts and found the sum due to him since 1650, “with an interest of 8 pro cento,” to amount to 16,030 rixdollars, or between four and five thousand pounds. “For this sum,” he continues in his statement, “His Gracious Majesty and Estates of Parliament could not give at present due contentment to the said Sir John Maclier, as they willingly would have done, in case that many inconveniences had not happened to the country; wherefore His Gracious Majesty and Estates of Parliament authorized me to present the said Sir John an act of Parliament and public bond of the Kingdom of Scotland for his assurance of thankful payment of the above-mentioned sum, together with the due interest of 8 pro cento from the end of February until it be duly contented and satisfied to the said Sir John Maclier, his Airs, Executors, or his Assignes.” To his arrangement Maclier agreed, making only the one condition that the bond should bear the Great Seal of Scotland. Wemyss on his part obliged himself to procure the Act of Parliament under the Great Seal “within the space of six months under the penalty of 5000 Riks-Dollars.” “An abridgement of Sir John Maclier’s Pretensions from His Gracious Majesty of England,” and an “Account of damages and losses” conclude this remarkable set of papers. We rather fear His Gracious Majesty remained a debtor to the end of his life. But John Maclier of Gothenburg had at least the satisfaction of now being an English Baronet, though the Usurping Powers had had the audacity of seizing his war contraband. Maclier’s son John became President of the Court of Justice in Göteborg (1639-1696); but whilst the father’s name was one of the most respected in the town - he having been foremost in promoting public welfare and liberally contributing towards the erection of church and school buildings - the son’s circumstances do not seem to have been equally favourable, for in 1697 we find one Pollrath Tham offering for sale a diamond ring which he held in pledge from him for some loan. [Berg, loc. cit., Supplement, p. 49.] A later scion of this race, David, a Colonel, was made a Swedish “Friherre” (baronet) and took the name of Maclean.[25]


  • 1604 Birth in Scotland
  • 1629 Emigration to Sweden at age 25
  • 1629 Marriage to Anna Gubbertz
  • 1633 Birth of Carl Leonard Makeléer
  • 1635 (circa) Birth of David Makeléer
  • 1637 Birth of Catharina Makeléer
  • 1638 Birth of Anna Makeléer
  • 1639 Birth of Lunetta Makeléer
  • 1641 Birth of Gustaf Adolf Makeléer
  • 1643 Birth of Elsa Beata Makeléer
  • 1649 Visit of James Graham
  • 1649 Received the title "Iain Dubh Baronet" in May
  • 1666 Death in Sweden


  1. ^ a b c Ernst Ludwig Fischer, Thomas Alfred Fischer, and John Kirkpatrick (1907). The Scots in Sweden. "Of the families named above, the Macliers (or Macleans), the Sinclairs, and the Spaldings were the most prominent. We shall not enter into the fabulous genealogy of the Macleans, with their forty-two descents from some Irish chieftain, who was part-owner of an ark at the time of Noah. Suffice it to say that one Hans (John) Maclier, son of Hector Maclean, fifth Baron [sic] of Dowart, came to Göteborg in 1620, settled in business, and succeeded so well that he became a town councillor (1640-1650)." 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k John Patterson MacLean (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, etc.. R. Clarke & Company. "The seventh branch of the Duard family is descended from John, youngest son of Hector Mor of Duard, son of Sir Lachlan Mor. John was knighted, and employed by Charles the First on an embassy to Sweden. Before his return the civil war broke out. On his return he was forced to change his name from MacLean to Macleir, and also to leave his country, on account of his loyalty to the Stuart dynasty. ..." 
  3. ^ a b c d "John Hans Makeléer". Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 2009-02-24. "John MacLean was the son of Hector MacLean, 5th Lord [sic] of Duart, and was born at the family's ancestral home at Duart Castle on Mull. He became an officer in the Royal Navy, but by 1629 was working as a merchant in Gothenburg under the name of John Hans Makeléer which, (alongside several other variations) seems to represent a Swedish variant of his original name rather than suggest than any desire to change it. He had apparently gone to Gothenberg in the footsteps of an uncle, who had already established a business there." 
  4. ^ a b c d e James Noël MacKenzie MacLean (1971). The Macleans of Sweden. The Ampersand. ISBN 0900161000. 
  5. ^ Horace Marryat (1862). One year in Sweden: including a visit to the Isle of Götland. "Forty-third in lineal descent from Inghis tuir le Amhir, younger son of an Irish king, came Gilleon, who lived a hundred years before Christ. From him in unbroken genealogy is traced John Maclean (son of the Laird of Dowat), who came to Sweden in 1639 [sic], and, settling in Goteborg, greatly aided in the building of that town. ..." 
  6. ^ Fontaine, Laurence (1996). History of Pedlars in Europe. Duke University Press. ISBN 082231794X. "Hans Macklier, who was born in Scotland and died in Gothenburg in 1666 had an uncle who was a merchant in Stockholm ..." 
  7. ^ a b Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Boydell Press. ISBN 1843832615. "A particularly interesting Scoto-Swedish family (Chart 20.4), whose members remained in touch with their Highland cousins, is that of MacLean or Macklier...." 
  8. ^ Steve Murdoch (2006). Network North. ISBN 9004146644. "Given the established pedigree of John Maclean as a son of Hector Maclean the 5th Baron of Duart and his second wife Isabella Acheson ... Such was the situation between James and John Maclean in Sweden. In 1629 the two men became business partners and John married Anna Gubbert, the sister of James wife." 
  9. ^ Steve Murdoch (2000). Britain, Denmark-Norway and the House of Stuart, 1603-1660. Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1862321825. "Scotsman frequently acted in senior positions in the Gothenburg trade council and counted among their number John Maclean, son of Hector MacLean, fifth Baron of Duart." 
  10. ^ Scotland and Europe, 1200-1850. 1986. ISBN 0859761126. "... regard to sources is somewhat better when an immigrant Scot happened to be ennobled, as not a few of them were. This was the case with Hans Macklier ..." 
  11. ^ a b c H. Fröding (1905). Berättelser ur Göteborgs äldsta historia. "Hans Maclier var såsom redan nämndt gift med Anna Gubbertz, köpmansdotter från Stockholm, och hade med henne många barn, af hvilka dock flera dogo i unga år. Efter hennes död 1653 gifte han sig med Lilian Hamilton och, sedan han åter 1658 blifvit änkling, med öfverste Gordons änka, Anna Thomson. Själf afled han den 7 juli 1666. Hans båda hustrurs, Anna Gubbertz' och Lilian Hamiltons, konterfej hafva blifvit till eftervärlden bevarade, men mig veterligen ej hans eget." 
  12. ^ a b Ailes, Mary Elizabeth (2002). Military Migration and State Formation. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803210604. "On December 30, 1655, Lilian Hamilton married Johan Macklier, a prominent Scottish merchant who traded out of the port at Gothenburg. ..." 
  13. ^ a b Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. 2004. ISBN 0198614004. "In 1651 he married Catherine Makeléer (b. 1637), the daughter of the Scottish merchant John Maclean (d. 1666), who was based at Göteborg and had become a ... He married James's wife's sister, Anna Gubbertz (d. 1653), in 1629 and had fifteen children with her, though only ten survived to adulthood. ..." 
  14. ^ John Gabriel Anrep (1821-1907) (1864). Svenska Adelns Ättar-taflor Utgifna. p. 848. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  15. ^ Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean. "Jacob Maclean". Scotland, Scandinavia and Northern European Biographical Database (University of St Andrews). "Jacob Maclean was the first son of John Maclean, 1st Baronet Duart [SSNE 1631] and his first wife Anna Gubbertz, and he was born in 1632. He became a student at Uppsala university on 9 May 1651. After 1660 he became a colonel in Stuart service and a gentleman of the bedchamber to the Stuart Court. ..." 
  16. ^ a b Bruce Duncan (1998). The Mark of the Scots: Their Astonishing Contributions to History, Science. ISBN 0806520604. "One of the first to arrive was John Maclean, one of the principle builders of the city, who made himself a large fortune in the process. He was ennobled by Queen Christiana in 1649 under the name Makeleer and was royal banker to the queen. His son, also John, was president of the Göteburg Court of Justice" 
  17. ^ John Gabriel Anrep (1821-1907), Svenska adelns ättar-taflor utgifna: Graufelt från Dal-Mörner af Tuna,, retrieved 2012-08-12, "Malcolm Hamilton, Baron Hamilton af Hageby ... Makeléer, No 513, tili Gftsnadeholm, Hammarö och Hageby, m. m., och hans 2: a fru, Anna Gubbertz, samt enka eftcr Öftersten David Sinclair, Natural. Sinclair ..." 
  18. ^ a b Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch (2005). Scottish communities abroad in the early modern period. "Lunetta married Colonel Joachim Cronman in 1657, while Elsa Beata married Major Marten Christensson till ..." 
  19. ^ Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt. Karl XII's officerare: Biografiska anteckningar. 
  20. ^ "Cronman". Retrieved 2007-08-26. "Joakim Cronman, died 5 March 1703 at the citadel of Neumünde, married 9 August 1657 Gothenburg Lunetta Makeleer (buried 22 February 1693 at Reval), daughter of Johan or Hans Makeleer and Anna Gubbertz." 
  21. ^ Bull, Edvard. Norsk biografisk leksikon. "D. var gift med Maria Sophia Makeléer (egentlig Maclean), f. 1640, d. 1721, datter av Sir John M. av ..." 
  22. ^ "Counties of Sweden". Retrieved 2007-08-26. "20 Dec 1693-1708 David Makeléer (b. 16.. - d. 1708)" 
  23. ^ "Rutger Maclean". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 2009-02-28. "His father was one of Charles XII’s officers, and the first of his ancestors in Sweden was probably Johan Macleer, the Gothenburg merchant who actively helped Montrose during the latter’s visit to Gothenburg in 1650. Johan Macleer had been raised to the Swedish nobility in 1649, and in the following year was created an English baronet by Charles I as a reward for his services in helping Montrose. His Swedish wife had a sister who was married to Jakob Makeleer, a silk mercer in Stockholm. The two brothers-in-law were obviously related and possibly brothers. They seem to have been the first of their family to settle in Sweden. ..." 
  24. ^ Jonas Berg and Bo Lagercrantz (1962). Scots in Sweden. "On 15th November 1649 James Graham, 5th Earl of Montrose, arrived in Gothenburg from Copenhagen, and stayed with a Scottish merchant, James Maclean, who had been raised to the nobility in May 1649, under the name Makeléer. Maclean, or Makeléer had been an officer in the British Royal Navy before settling in Gothenburg in 1629. He had always been a warm supporter of the House of Stuart." 
  25. ^ The Scots in Sweden

Further reading

  • Maclean, James N.M. The Macleans of Sweden. Edinburgh, 1971, Traces the descendants of Sir John Maclean alias Johan or Hans Macklier, merchant in Gothenburg, many of whom pursued military careers.

External link

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at John_Hans_Makel%C3%A9er. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.


John Hans Makeléer, Iain Dubh Baronet (1604-1666) was the tenth-great-grandfather of Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ).



See also the tree tab above.

John Hans Makeléer's ancestors in three generations
John Hans Makeléer Father:
Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief
Paternal Grandfather:
Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Eachuinn Og Maclean
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Janet, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll
Paternal Grandmother:
Margaret Cunningham of Glencairn
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
William Cunningham, 6th Earl of Glencairn
Paternal Great-Grandmother:
Janet, daughter of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar
Isabella Acheson of Gosford
Maternal Grandfather:
Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet
Maternal Great-Grandfather:
Captain Patrick Acheson
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Maternal Grandmother:
Agnes Vernor or Margaret Hamilton
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maternal Great-Grandmother:


Sources and notes


  Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ), Robin Patterson

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