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John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby (1328-1388)

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Sir John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG, 3rd Baron Neville of Raby, was born 1328 in Raby Castle, Durham, England to Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville of Raby (c1291-1367) and Alice de Audley (c1300-c1375) and died 17 October 1388 in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England of unspecified causes. He married Maud Percy (-1379) before 1362 JL . He married Elizabeth Latimer, Baroness Latimer of Corby (-1395) before 9 October 1381 JL . Notable ancestors include Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Alfred the Great (849-899), Rurik (c832-879). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, England, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Russia, Ukraine, Italy.
  • Honors and titles:
    • Knighted - 1360
    • 3rd Baron Neville of Raby - 1367
    • English ambassdor to France - 1368
    • Admiral of the King's fleet
    • Knight of the Garter - 1369

John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, KG (c.1337 – 17 October 1388) was an English peer and soldier.

Family

John Neville, born at Raby Castle, Durham, between 1337 and 1340, was the eldest son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, and Alice Audley. He had five brothers, including Alexander Neville, Archbishop of York, and four sisters.

Career

Cokayne notes that Neville's public career was as active as his father's had been. He fought against the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 as a captain under his father, was knighted about 1360 after a skirmish near Paris while serving under Sir Walter Manny, and fought in Aquitaine in 1366, and again in 1373-4.

At his father's death on 5 August 1367 he succeeded to the title, and had livery of his lands in England and Scotland in October of that year.

From 1367 on he had numerous commissions issued to him, and in 1368 served as joint ambassador to France. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1369. In July 1370 he was Admiral of the North, and in November of that year a joint commissioner to treat with Genoa. He was Steward of the King's Household in 1372, and in July of that year was part of an expedition to Brittany. For the next several years he served in Scotland and the Scottish Marches. In 1378 he had licence to fortify Raby Castle, and in June of the same year was in Gascony, where he was appointed Keeper of Fronsac Castle and Seneschal of Gascony. He spent several years in Gascony, and was among the forces which raised the siege of Mortaigne in 1381. On his return to England he was again appointed Warden of the Marches. In May 1383 and March 1387 he was a joint commissioner to treat of peace with Scotland, and in July 1385 was to accompany the King to Scotland.

Neville died at Newcastle upon Tyne on 17 October 1388. In his will he requested burial in Durham Cathedral by his first wife, Maud. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.

Marriages and issue

Neville married, before 1362, firstly, Maud Percy (d. before 18 February 1379), daughter of Henry de Percy, 2nd Baron Percy of Alnwick, Northumberland, and Idoine de Clifford, daughter of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom he had two sons and five daughters:

  • Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.
  • Thomas Neville, 5th Baron Furnivall, who married Joan Furnival.
  • Alice Neville, who married William Deincourt, 3rd Baron Deincourt.
  • Maud Nevile.
  • Idoine Neville.
  • Eleanor Neville, who married Ralph de Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley.
  • Elizabeth Neville, who became a nun.

After his first wife Maud's death in 1379 Neville married secondly, before 9 October 1381, Elizabeth Latimer (d. 5 November 1395), daughter of William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, by whom he had a son and a daughter:

  • John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer (c.1382 – 10 December 1430), who married firstly, Maud Clifford (c.26 August 1446), daughter of Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford, whom he divorced before 1413x17, and by whom he had no issue. She married secondly, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.
  • Elizabeth Neville, who married, before 27 May 1396, Sir Thomas Willoughby (died shortly before 20 August 1417) son of Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (c.1348-50 – 9 August 1396), by whom she had one child, Sir John Willoughby (c.1400 – 24 February 1437).

After Neville's death, his widow, Elizabeth, married, as his second wife, Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (c.1348-50 – 9 August 1396), by whom she had a daughter, Margaret Willoughby.

Children


Offspring of John Neville and Maud Percy (-1379)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Alice de Nevile (c1358-1381) <year not a number> <year not a number> William Deincourt, 3rd Baron Deincourt (1355-1381)

Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (c1364-1425) <year not a number> <year not a number> Margaret de Stafford (c1364-1396)
Joan Beaufort (1379-1440)

Thomas de Neville, 5th Baron Furnival (c1377-1406) <year not a number> <year not a number> Joan de Furnival, Baroness Furnival (1368-1395)
Ankaret le Strange (c1361-1413)

Alice de Neville
Maud de Neville (1379-)
Idoine de Neville
Eleanor de Neville (1379-1441)
Elizabeth de Neville

Offspring of John Neville and Elizabeth Latimer, Baroness Latimer of Corby (-1395)
Name Birth Death Joined with
John de Neville, 6th Lord Latimer (1382-1430)
Elizabeth de Neville, Baroness Latimer (1388-?)


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Sources and notes

‡ General
Ω Birth
  • Wikipedia states born c1337
¶ Death
  • Now Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear County, United Kingdom



Contributors

  Elrondlair

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