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John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)

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John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767February 23, 1848) was a diplomat, politician, and the sixth President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829). His party affiliations were Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig. Adams was the son of President of the United States John Adams, and Abigail Adams. He is most famous as a diplomat involved in many international negotiations, and for formulating the Monroe Doctrine. As president he proposed a grand program of modernization and educational advancement, but was unable to get it through Congress. Late in life, as a Congressman, he was a leading opponent of the Slave Power, arguing that if a civil war ever broke out the president could abolish slavery by using his war powers, a policy followed by Abraham Lincoln in the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863.

Biography

For a detailed biography, see the biography tab.

John Quincy Adams, President of the United States, was born 11 July 1767 in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States to John Adams (1735-1826) and Abigail Smith (1744-1818) and died 23 February 1848 in Washington, United States of unspecified causes. He married Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852) 26 July 1797 in All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London, England, United Kingdom. Ancestors are from the United States, the United Kingdom.


Marriage and Family

Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852) met John Quincy Adams at her father's house in Cooper's Row, near Tower Hill, London. Her father had been appointed as United States consul general in 1790, and Adams first visited him in November 1795. Adams at first showed interest in her older sister but soon settled on Louisa. Adams, aged 30, married Louisa, aged 22, on July 26, 1797, at the parish church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower, Tower Hill. Adams's father, John Adams, then President of the United States, overcame his initial objections to his son marrying a person born in another country and eventually welcomed his daughter-in-law into the family, although they did not meet for several years.




Children


Offspring of John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852)
Name Birth Death Joined with
George Washington Adams (1801-1829) 13 April 1801 Berlin, Prussia 30 April 1829 Long Island Sound Eliza Dolph (1810-1908)

John Adams (1803-1834)
Charles Francis Adams (1807-1886)
Louisa Catherine Adams (1811-1812) 12 August 1811 Saint Petersburg, Russia 15 September 1812 Saint Petersburg, Russia
  1. George Washington Adams (1801-1829), lawyer and Massachusetts Legislator
  2. John Adams (1803-1834), presidential aide, personal secretary to his father
  3. Charles Francis Adams (1807-1886), diplomat, public official, and author
  4. Louisa Catherine Adams (1811-1812) (August 12, 1811 - September 15, 1812), born and died in St Petersburg, Russia, buried in the Lutheran Cemetery there.

Siblings


Offspring of John Adams and Abigail Smith (1744-1818)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Abigail Amelia Adams (1765-1813) 14 July 1765 Braintree, Massachusetts, United States 14 August 1813 Quincy, Massachusetts, United States William Stephens Smith (1755-1816)

John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) 11 July 1767 Quincy, Massachusetts, United States 23 February 1848 Washington, United States Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852)

Grace Susanna Adams (1768-1770) 28 December 1768 Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts 4 February 1770 Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts
Charles Adams (1770-1800) 29 May 1770 Quincy, Massachusetts, United States 30 November 1800 Manhattan, New York, United States Sally Smith (1769-1828)

Thomas Boylston Adams (1772-1832) 15 September 1772 Quincy, Massachusetts, United States 13 March 1832 Quincy, Massachusetts, United States Ann Harrod (1774-1846)

Elizabeth Adams (1777-1777) 11 July 1777 Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts 11 July 1711 Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts

Residence

AdamsHome2016

John Adams Home in Braintree MA.

Adams National Historical Park, formerly Adams National Historic Site, in Quincy, Massachusetts, preserves the home of Presidents of the United States John Adams (1735-1826) and John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), of U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, Charles Francis Adams, and of the writers and historians Henry Adams and Brooks Adams and many other members of the famous Adams political family.

The national historical park's eleven buildings tell the story of five generations of the Adams family (from 1720 to 1927) including Presidents, First Ladies, U.S. Ministers, historians, writers, and family members who supported and contributed to their success. In addition to Peacefield, home to four generations of the Adams family, the park's main historic features include the John Adams Birthplace (October 30, 1735), the nearby John Quincy Adams Birthplace (July 11, 1767), and the Stone Library (built in 1870 to house the books of John Quincy Adams and believed to be the first presidential library), containing more than 14,000 historic volumes in 12 languages.

There is an off-site Visitors Center less than a mile (1.6 km) away. Regularly scheduled tours of the houses are offered in season (April 19 to November 10), by guided tour only, using a tourist trolley provided by the Park Service between sites. Access to United First Parish Church, where the Adamses worshipped and are buried, is provided by the congregation for which they ask a small donation. The church is across the street from the Visitors Center.



Namesakes of John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)

 Birth placeDeath placeFatherMotherJoined with
John Adams (1638-1670)Hartford, Hartford County, ConnecticutHartford, Hartford County, ConnecticutJeremy Adams (1604-1683)Rebecca Baseden (-1678)Abigail Smith (1638-1673)
John Adams (1735-1826)Quincy, Massachusetts, United StatesQuincy, Massachusetts, United StatesJohn Adams (1691-1761)Susanna Boylston (1708-1797)Abigail Smith (1744-1818)
John Adams (1661-1702)Braintree, Norfolk County, MassachusettsBoston, Suffolk County, MassachusettsJoseph Adams (1626-1694)Abigail Baxter (1634-1692)Hannah Webb (1665-1694)
John Adams (1875-1964)Quincy, Norfolk County, MassachusettsConcord, Middlesex County, MassachusettsCharles Francis Adams (1835-1915)Mary Hone Ogden (1837-1905)Marian Morse (1878-1959)
John Adams (1691-1761)New York City, Norfolk County, New York, United StatesBraintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United StatesJoseph Adams (1654-1726)Hannah Bass (1667-1705)Susanna Boylston (1708-1797)
John Charles Adams (1879-1923)Narrandera, New South Wales, AustraliaJunee, New South Wales, AustraliaHenry Daniel Adams (1844-1920)Eliza Agnes Bradley (1846-1925)Ellen Therese Crawford (c1879-1918)
John Couch Adams (1819-1892)Laneast, Cornwall, England, United KingdomCambridge Observatory, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, United KingdomThomas Adams (1788-1859)Tabitha Knill Grylls (1796-1866)Eliza Bruce (1827-1919)
John Presley Hampton Adams (c1819-1892)Boone County, Kentucky, United StatesGrant County, Kentucky, United StatesThomas Jefferson Adams (1787-1869)Letta Peek (1789-1872)Louisa Adams (c1817-)+Angeline Parsons (c1822-bef1875)+Minerva A Smith (c1854-bef1880)
John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)Quincy, Massachusetts, United StatesWashington, United StatesJohn Adams (1735-1826)Abigail Smith (1744-1818)Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852)
John Quincy Adams (1833-1894)Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United StatesQuincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United StatesCharles Francis Adams (1807-1886)Abigail Brown Brooks (1808-1889)Fanny Crowninshield (1839-1911)



Sources and notes

‡ General

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