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John Tyler (1790-1862)

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The tenth (1841-1845) President of the United States.

Biography

John Tyler, President of the USA, was born 29 March 1790 in Charles City County, Virginia, United States to John Tyler (1747-1813) and Mary Armistead (1761-1797) and died 18 January 1862 in Richmond, Virginia, United States of stroke. He married Letitia Christian (1790-1842) 29 March 1813 in Cedar Grove plantation, New Kent County, Virginia, United States. He married Julia Gardiner (1820-1889) 26 June 1844 in New York, United States.


A long-time Democrat-Republican, he was elected Vice President on the Whig ticket and on becoming president in 1841, broke with that party. His term as Vice President began on March 4, 1841 and one month later, on April 4, incumbent President William Henry Harrison died of what is today believed to have been viral pneumonia. Harrison's death left Tyler, the federal government, and the American nation briefly confused on the process of succession. Opposition members in Congress argued for an acting caretaker that would continue to use only the title Vice President. The act of taking over as official president, rather than as acting president, came from the influence of the Harrison cabinet and some members of Congress. Members of Harrison's cabinet feared an acting leader would compromise the ability to successfully run the country. Tyler took the presidential oath of office, initiating a custom that would govern future successions, and became the first U.S. vice president to assume the office of president upon the death of his predecessor. It was not until 1967, that Tyler's action of assuming full powers of the presidency was legally codified in the Twenty-fifth Amendment. His most famous achievement was the annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845. Tyler was the first president born after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.


For a detailed biography, see the biography tab.



Children


Offspring of John Tyler and Letitia Christian (1790-1842)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mary Tyler (1815-1848)
Robert Tyler (1816-1877)
John Tyler (1819-1896)
Letitia Tyler (1821-1907)
Elizabeth Tyler (1823-1850)
Anne Contesse Tyler (1825-1825)
Alice Tyler (1827-1854)
Tazewell Tyler (1830-1874)

Offspring of John Tyler and Julia Gardiner (1820-1889)
Name Birth Death Joined with
David Gardiner Tyler (1846-1927)
John Alexander Tyler (1848-1883)
Julia Gardiner Tyler (1849-1871)
Lachlan Gardiner Tyler (1851-1902)
Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853-1935) 24 August 1853 Sherwood Forest Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia, United States 12 February 1935 Richmond, Virginia, United States Anne Baker Tucker (1855-1921)
Susan Ruffin (1889-1953)

Robert Fitzwalter Tyler (1856-1927)
Pearl Tyler (1860-1947)




Sources and notes

‡ General

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