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Jones County, Georgia
Jones County Courthouse, Gray, GA, US (08)
Map of Georgia highlighting Jones County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1807
Named for James Jones
Seat Gray
Largest city Gray
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

395 sq mi (1,023 km²)
394 sq mi (1,020 km²)
1.5 sq mi (4 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

28,669
70/sq mi (60/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.jonescountyga.org/

Jones County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,669.[1] The county seat is Gray.[2] The county was created on December 10, 1807 and named after U.S. Representative James Jones.[3]

HistoryEdit

Known to most as the "Redneck County", Jones County along with Morgan County, Putnam County, and Old Randolph were established by several famous "Blue Collar" men by an act of the Georgia General Assembly which was passed on December 10, 1807 from land that had originally been part Baldwin County in 1803 and, earlier, part of the Creek Nation. Jones County was originally bounded by a line running North 56° East to Commissioners Creek, then North 15° West to Cedar Creek, then up the creek to corner Randolph County and Putnam County, then along a line to Ocmulgee River, and then down the river to where the old county line between Wilkinson County and Baldwin County was.[4] It excluded parts of what is now Bibb County east of the Ocmulgee River, including the location of Fort Benjamin Hawkins, as they were part of a reserve guaranteed to the Creek Nation. Those areas were later added to Jones County after the Treaty of Indian Springs.[5]

During the initial months of existence a town known as Albany served as the county seat of Jones County. Albany's exact location is unknown, but it might have been simply renamed Clinton. Clinton was established as the county seat by the Georgia General Assembly on December 22, 1808.[6] Clinton became incorporated as a town in 1816.[7] During the 1800s Clinton grew as a center of commerce and the cotton trade. Clinton remained one of the most populous cities in Georgia in the middle 1800s.

In December 1810 Jones County gained a portion of Putnam County between Cedar Creek and their original border.[8] In December 1822 Bibb County was established and Jones County lost some of its land to that county.

During the early 19th century, Jones County had a rapid population increase. The peak came around 1835, when the county ranked third or fourth among all of the state's counties in agricultural wealth. After 1835, soil erosion and lack of funds to develop property drove many farmers to newly opened land elsewhere in Georgia.[9]

Before the American Civil War a few factories sprang up in the county including a cotton gin factory at Griswoldville in the southern portion of the county and a woolen factory at Wallace. Griswoldville was founded by Samuel Griswold in the 1850s. During the Civil War, the cotton gin factory was reformatted so it could produce pistols and other weapons for the Confederate Army. In addition, Griswoldville was located on the railway linking Macon to Savannah. Thus it became a prime target in 1864 as the Union Army moved through Georgia. On November 20, 1864, the town and the factories in it were burned as part of Sherman's March to the Sea. Days later the Battle of Griswoldville took place in the area. The town of Griswoldville was not rebuilt.

Many other areas in Jones County were damaged by the Union Army during that time period. The Jarrell Plantation State Historic Site in Jones County showcases one of the few and well-preserved antebellum plantations in Georgia.

In the 1890s a railroad line owned by the Central of Georgia Railway named the Macon & Northern Railroad was built through the county and bypassed Clinton by a mile after citizens wanted the line to not pass through the town. By the early 1900s the population had shifted northeastward and the city of Gray was established. On June 27, 1905 the citizens of Jones County voted on the issues of moving the county seat from Clinton to Gray. The results were 1,289 votes in favor of moving the county seat to Gray and 51 votes for keeping the county seat at Clinton. On August 9, 1905 Gray became the new county seat of Jones County.[10]

Jones County is the home to many famous people including professor Sherwood and Johnny Cash. Johnny Cash owned a summer home along the Whiteshead River. Upon his death, the home went to his estate, and was sold to a local family.

Notable personEdit

  • Singer Otis Redding lived on a ranch he owned in Jones County during the height of his music career. A marker in downtown Gray pays tribute to Redding.[11]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 395 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 394 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.[12]

The western half of Jones County, west of Gray, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The northeastern quarter of the county, north of Gray, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin, while the southeastern corner of Jones County is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the larger Altamaha River basin.[13]

Major highwaysEdit

RiversEdit

  • Ocmulgee River

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 8,597
1820 16,570 92.7%
1830 13,345 −19.5%
1840 10,065 −24.6%
1850 10,224 1.6%
1860 9,107 −10.9%
1870 9,436 3.6%
1880 11,613 23.1%
1890 12,709 9.4%
1900 13,358 5.1%
1910 13,103 −1.9%
1920 13,269 1.3%
1930 8,992 −32.2%
1940 8,331 −7.4%
1950 7,538 −9.5%
1960 8,468 12.3%
1970 12,218 44.3%
1980 16,579 35.7%
1990 20,739 25.1%
2000 23,639 14.0%
2010 28,669 21.3%
Est. 2016 28,623 [14] 21.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,669 people, 10,586 households, and 7,973 families residing in the county.[19] The population density was 72.8 inhabitants per square mile (28.1 /km2). There were 11,688 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile (11.5 /km2).[20] The racial makeup of the county was 73.2% white, 24.4% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 15.2% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.4% were German.[21]

Of the 10,586 households, 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 38.7 years.[19]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,717 and the median income for a family was $56,038. Males had a median income of $44,769 versus $32,240 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,598. About 10.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.[22]

EducationEdit

CommunitiesEdit

  • Blountsville
  • Bradley
  • Cardswell (later known Cardsville)
  • Cheatham
  • Clinton
  • Crutchfield
  • Cumelo
  • East Juliette
  • Ethridge
  • Fortville
  • James
  • Glovers
  • Gray
  • Griswoldville
  • Haddock
  • Hester
  • Lannington
  • Midway
  • Morton
  • Plentitude
  • Poverty Hill
  • Roberts
  • Round Oak
  • Slocumb
  • Todd
  • Tranquilla
  • Van Buren
  • Wallace
  • Wayside

PoliticsEdit

Previous Presidential Elections Results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.2% 8,305 31.6% 3,961 2.3% 285
2012 63.9% 7,744 35.3% 4,274 0.8% 101
2008 62.5% 7,782 36.7% 4,572 0.9% 106
2004 63.9% 6,939 35.5% 3,855 0.6% 64
2000 60.1% 4,850 38.5% 3,102 1.4% 116
1996 46.8% 3,272 45.7% 3,195 7.5% 525
1992 38.1% 2,770 45.9% 3,338 16.1% 1171
1988 57.4% 3,618 42.2% 2,662 0.4% 22
1984 55.0% 3,401 45.0% 2,781
1980 35.0% 1,828 62.1% 3,239 2.9% 153
1976 27.5% 1,317 72.5% 3,471
1972 74.3% 2,483 25.8% 861
1968 19.4% 693 31.0% 1105 49.6% 1,770
1964 56.7% 1,805 43.3% 1,380
1960 25.7% 489 74.3% 1,415
1956 24.0% 382 76.0% 1,208
1952 16.3% 278 83.7% 1,427
1948 38.0% 423 52.8% 588 9.3% 103
1944 22.8% 196 77.0% 661 0.2% 2
1940 14.1% 101 85.7% 613 0.1% 1
1936 4.3% 23 95.7% 508
1932 0.0% 0 99.5% 553 0.5% 3
1928 19.5% 100 80.5% 414
1924 5.9% 26 93.5% 414 0.7% 3
1920 26.3% 31 73.7% 87
1916 1.4% 6 92.3% 398 6.3% 27
1912 0.7% 3 93.4% 426 5.9% 27

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13169.html. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 170.. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA170#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ Template:Cite act
  5. ^ Template:Cite act
  6. ^ Template:Cite act
  7. ^ Template:Cite act
  8. ^ Template:Cite act
  9. ^ https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MANUSCRIPTS/georgia/jonesGA1914/jonesGA1914.pdf Soil Survey of Jones County, Georgia by David D. Long et al, 1914
  10. ^ Template:Cite act
  11. ^ "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". http://music.blog.ajc.com/2015/09/17/otis-reddings-legacy-will-be-remembered-with-permanent-road-marker-in-jones-county/. Retrieved 2017-02-13. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13169. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13169. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13169. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  22. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13169. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  23. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 33°02′N 83°34′W / 33.03, -83.57


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jones County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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