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Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden Jr. ( //; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who became the 47th Vice President of the United States, jointly elected twice with President Barack Obama, and in office since 2009. A member of the Democratic Party, Biden represented Delaware as a United States Senator from 1973 until becoming Vice President in 2009.
Biden was born on November 20, 1942, at St. Mary's Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania, to Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Biden (née Finnegan; 1917–2010) and Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden Sr. (1915–2002). He was the first of four siblings in a Catholic family, with a sister, Valerie, and two brothers, James and Frank, following. His mother was of either Irish or Northern Irish descent, with roots variously attributed to County Louth or County Londonderry. His paternal grandparents, Mary Elizabeth (Robinette) and Joseph H. Biden, an oil businessman from Baltimore, Maryland, were of English, French, and Irish ancestry. His paternal great-great-great grandfather, William Biden, was born in Sussex, England, and immigrated to the United States. His maternal great-grandfather, Edward Francis Blewitt, was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate.
Biden's father had been very well-off earlier in his life, but suffered several business reversals by the time Biden was born. For several years, the family had to live with Biden's maternal grandparents, the Finnegans. When the Scranton area went into economic decline during the 1950s, Biden's father could not find enough work. In 1953, the Biden family moved to an apartment in Claymont, Delaware, where they lived for a few years before moving to a house in Wilmington, Delaware. Joe Biden Sr. then did better as a used car salesman, and the family's circumstances were middle class.
Entry to politics
|Offspring of Joe Biden and Neilia Hunter (1942-1972)|
|Joseph Robinette 'Beau' Biden III (1969-2015)|| |
|Robert Hunter Biden (1970)|| |
|Naomi Christina Biden (1971-1972)|
|Offspring of Joe Biden and Jill Tracy Jacobs (1951)|
|Ashley Blazer Biden (1981)|
- 1. Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. (1942)
- 2. Joseph Robinette Biden (1915-2002) - married in 1941
- 3. Catherine Eugenia (Jean) Finnegan (1917-2010)
- 4. Joseph H. Biden (1893-1941)
- 5. Mary Elizabeth Robinette (1894-aft1941)
- 6. Ambrose Joseph Finnegan (1884-1957) - married in c1909
- 7. Geraldine Catharine Blewitt (1887-1949)
- See continuation at the ancestors tab.
- ^ Witcover, Joe Biden, p. 5.
- ^ Chase, Randall (January 9, 2010). "Vice President Biden's mother, Jean, dies at 92". Associated Press. WITN-TV. http://www.witn.com/home/headlines/81062772.html.
- ^ "Joseph Biden Sr., 86, father of the senator" (fee required). The Philadelphia Inquirer: p. B4. September 3, 2002. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PI&s_site=philly&p_multi=PI&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0F5D5B2EC83D6A9E&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM.
- ^ Witcover, Joe Biden, p. 9.
- ^ Smolenyak, Megan (July 2, 2012). "Joe Biden's Irish Roots". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/megan-smolenyak-smolenyak/joe-bidens-irish-roots_b_1641678.html. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- ^ "Number two Biden has a history over Irish debate". The Belfast Telegraph. November 9, 2008. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/sunday-life/number-two-biden-has-a-history-over-irish-debate-14048948.html. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
- ^ a b Witcover, Joe Biden, p. 8.
- ^ Smolenyak, Megan (April–May 2013). "Joey From Scranton – Vice President Biden's Irish Roots". Irish America. http://irishamerica.com/2013/03/joey-from-scranton-vice-president-bidens-irish-roots/.
- ^ Gehman, Geoff (May 3, 2012). "Vice President Joe Biden Discusses American Innovation". Lafayette College. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. https://web.archive.org/20140202110137/http://www.lafayette.edu/about/?p=29444&wpmp_switcher=mobile.
- ^ Krawczeniuk, Borys (August 24, 2008). "Remembering his roots". The Times-Tribune. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. https://web.archive.org/20090406014842/http://www.scrantontimes.com:80/articles/2008/08/24/news/sc_times_trib.20080824.a.pg1.tt24biden_s1.1896121_top4.txt. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
- ^ a b c Broder, John M. (October 23, 2008). "Father's Tough Life an Inspiration for Biden". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/24/us/politics/24biden.html. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- ^ a b Rubinkam, Michael (August 27, 2008). "Biden's Scranton childhood left lasting impression". Associated Press. Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/wires/2008Aug27/0,4670,CVNBidenapossScrantonRoots,00.html. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
- ^ Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 364.
- Barone, Michael; Cohen, Richard E. (2008). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington: National Journal. ISBN 0-89234-116-5.
- Bronner, Ethan (1989). Battle for Justice: How the Bork Nomination Shook America. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-02690-6.
- Germond, Jack; Witcover, Jules (1989). Whose Broad Stripes and Bright Stars? The Trivial Pursuit of the Presidency 1988. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51424-1.
- Heilemann, John; Halperin, Mark (2010). Game Change: Obama and the Clintons, McCain and Palin, and the Race of a Lifetime. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-173363-6.
- Mayer, Jane; Abramson, Jill (1994). Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence Thomas. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-63318-4.
- Moritz, Charles, ed (1987). Current Biography Yearbook 1987. New York: H. W. Wilson Company.
- Taylor, Paul (1990). See How They Run: Electing the President in an Age of Mediaocracy. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-57059-6.
- Witcover, Jules (2010). Joe Biden: A Life of Trial and Redemption. New York City: William Morrow. ISBN 0-06-179198-9.
- Wolffe, Richard (2009). Renegade: The Making of a President. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-307-46312-5.