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Biography

Jotham - King of Judah, 758–742 B.C. (2 Kgs. 15:5, 32–38; 2 Chr. 27; Isa. 1:1; 7:1; Hosea 1:1; Micah 1:1). Jotham was a contemporary with the prophets Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, and Micah, by whose advice he benefited.

Jotham or Yotam (Hebrew: יוֹתָם‬, Modern Yōtam, Tiberian Yōṯam, meaning "God is Honest" "; Greek: Ιωαθαμ, translit. Ioatham; Latin: Joatham) was a king of Judah, and son of Uzziah by Jerusha, daughter of Zadok. Jotham was 25 when he began his reign, and reigned for 16 years. Edwin R. Thiele concluded that his reign commenced as a coregency with his father, which lasted for 11 years. Because his father Uzziah was afflicted with tzaraas after he entered the Temple to burn incense, Jotham became governor of the palace and the land at that time, i.e. coregent, while his father lived in a separate house as a leper.

William F. Albright dated his reign to 742 – 735 BC. Thiele dated his coregency with Uzziah starting in 751/750 BC and his sole reign from 740/39 to 736/735 BC, at which time he was deposed by the pro-Assyrian faction in favor of his son Ahaz. Thiele places his death in 732/731 BC.

Jotham inherited a strong government, well officered and administered. He is recorded as having built the Upper Gate of the Temple of Jerusalem. "He built cities in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests he built castles and towers."[5]

2 Kings mentions that Jotham fought wars against Rezin, king of the Arameans, and Pekah, king of Israel (15:37). He also defeated the Ammonites, who paid him an immense annual tribute. But the increasing corruption of the northern kingdom began to permeate Judah.[5]

The Gospel of Matthew lists Jotham of Judah in the genealogy of Jesus. The archeologist Nelson Glueck found an imprint of king Jotham near Eilat. Also near Eilat there is a wadi called "Yatam wadi."

Marriage and Family



Children


Offspring of Jotham and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Achaz of Judah 9999 Land of Canaan 715 Land of Canaan

Siblings


Offspring of Uzziah and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Jotham of Judah 9999 Land of Canaan 735 Land of Canaan
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Uzziah
10th King of Judah
Coregent: 750 – 740 BC
Sole reign: 740 – 735 BC
Coregent: 735 – 731 BC
Succeeded by
Achaz

References


Footnotes (including sources)

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