is the 196th day of the year (197th in July 14 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 169 days remaining until the end of the year.
"Quatorze Juillet" (Fourteenth of July in
French) is Bastille Day, the French national holiday celebrating the storming of the Bastille in 1789 during the French Revolution.
1223 - In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
1698 - The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1769 - The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey).
1771 - Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
1790 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 - The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
1825 - The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society was founded at the University of Virginia.
1827 - The first Roman Catholic Mass is celebrated in the Hawaiian Islands by Fathers Abraham Armand and Alexis Bachelot of France and Patrick Short of the United Kingdom, members of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. It would be the foundation of the present-day Diocese of Honolulu.
1865 - First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent.
1902 - The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1940 - World War II: Andrew George Latta McNaughton takes command of the 7th Army Corps consisting of British, Canadian and New Zealand troops.
1943 - In Joplin, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American.
1948 - Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
1954 - The central region of the United States suffers extremely hot weather, with the temperature reaching 118° F (48° C) in Warsaw and Union, and 117° F (47° C) in East St. Louis, setting new all-time state record high temperatures.
1958 - Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.
1965 - Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
1966 - In Chicago, Richard Speck murders eight student nurses in their dormitory.
1966 - A fire at a mental hospital in Guatemala City kills 225.
1969 - Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, taking effect on July 20.
1969 - Large denominations of United States currency, namely the $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills, are officially withdrawn from circulation by the Federal Reserve System due to "lack of use," leaving the $100 bill as the largest unit of circulating United States currency. 
1981 - MCLN bombs a popular cinema in Bangui, Central African Republic. Afterwards a declaration is issued, demanding withdrawal of French troops from the country.
1984 - New Zealand elects the Fourth Labour Government bringing in David Lange as Prime Minister of New Zealand, and thus breaking nine years of National party governance under Robert Muldoon. It was this government that introduced the world's first and only nuclear free legislation.
1988 - Volkswagen's automobile plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania - the first auto assembly plant operated by a non- American car manufacturer in the United States - closes after little more than a decade of operation. The plant built Volkswagen's Rabbit model in its first six years, then produced the Golf and some Jetta models until its closing.
1992 - A major fire consumes an entire city block in tourist destination Gatlinburg, destroying the " Ripley's Believe It Or Not!" Museum and several other local businesses and attractions in the process.
1995 - The MP3 format was named.
2000 - George Speight, the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, was arrested with 369 of his followers and charged with treason.
2002 - During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
2005 - Europe holds a two minute silence at 12:00 BST in remembrance of the 7/7 bombings of London, United Kingdom
2006 - The verdict in the Italian Football Match Fixing Scandal was delivered- Juventus were relegated, Lazio, Fiorentina and AC Milan were spared relegation.
2007 - Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
1454 - Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
1602 - Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
1608 - George Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
1610 - Ferdinando II de' Medici (d. 1670)
1634 - Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
1671 - Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
1675 - Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
1676 - Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
1696 - William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
1721 - John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
1743 - Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
1801 - Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
1816 - Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
1829 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
1857 - Emmeline Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1928)
1859 - Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
1860 - Owen Wister, American author (d. 1938)
1862 - Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
1865 - Arthur Capper, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1951)
1868 - Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (d. 1926)
1874 - Khedive Abbas II of Egypt (d. 1944)
1885 - King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
1891 - Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (d. 1977)
1893 - Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
1896 - Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
1898 - A. B. "Happy" Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
1903 - Irving Stone, American writer (d. 1989)
1901 - Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956)
1904 - Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish Yiddish author (d. 1991)
1906 - Tom Carvel, Greek-born businessman and inventor (d. 1990)
1907 - Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1989)
1910 - William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
1911 - Terry-Thomas, British actor (d. 1990)
1912 - Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
1912 - Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1967)
1913 - Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
1918 - Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director (d. 2007)
1918 - Arthur Laurents, American playwright, novelist, and director
1919 - Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (d. 1987)
1921 - Leon Garfield, English children's author (d. 1996)
1921 - Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
1922 - Robin Olds, American fighter pilot (d. 2007)
1922 - Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
1923 - Dale Robertson, American actor
1924 - James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
1926 - Harry Dean Stanton, American actor
1927 - John Chancellor, American television commentator (d. 1996)
1928 - Nancy Olson, American actress
1930 - Polly Bergen, American actress
1932 - Roosevelt Grier, American football player and actor
1933 - Robert Bourassa, Quebec politician (d. 1996)
1937 - Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
1938 - Jerry Rubin, American activist (d. 1994)
1939 - Karel Gott, Czech singer
1939 - Sid Haig, American actor
1939 - George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
1941 - Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
1941 - Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
1942 - Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
1943 - Christopher Priest, English novelist
1944 - Billy McCool, baseball player
1946 - Vincent Pastore, American actor
1946 - John Wood, Australian actor
1947 - Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
1950 - Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
1951 - Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
1952 - Franklin Graham, American evangelist
1952 - Joel Silver, American film producer
1956 - Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
1958 - Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
1960 - Jane Lynch, American actress
1960 - Anna Bligh, Australian politician
1961 - Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
1963 - Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
1965 - Igor Khoroshev, Russian musician ( Yes)
1966 - Charles Edward Ambler, British noble
1966 - Tanya Donelly, American musician ( Belly)
1966 - Ellen Reid, Canadian musician ( Crash Test Dummies)
1966 - Matthew Fox, American actor
1966 - Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
1967 - Jeff Jarrett, American professional wrestler
1967 - Robin Ventura, American baseball player
1967 - Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
1971 - Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
1971 - Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
1971 - Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
1972 - Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
1973 - Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
1973 - Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
1973 - Candela Peña, Spanish actress
1974 - David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
1975 - Taboo, American rapper
1975 - Tim Hudson, baseball player
1976 - Geraint Jones, English cricketer
1977 - Victoria
1979 - Bernie Castro, baseball player
1980 - George Smith, Australian Rugby player
1981 - Lee Mead, English actor
1984 - Chris Steele, Canadian Musician in Alexisonfire
1983 - Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
1986 - SpongeBob SquarePants, Animated character
1986 - Ed Francis, American TV personality
1987 - Adam Johnson, English footballer
1988 - James Vaughan, English footballer
1989 - Sean Flynn-Amir, American actor
664 - Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
937 - Arnulf
1223 - King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
1270 - Boniface of Savoy
1274 - Saint Bonaventure (b. 1221)
1370 - Duke William of Austria
1575 - Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
1614 - Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
1671 - Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
1723 - Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
1742 - Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
1766 - František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
1774 - James O'Hara, British field marshal (b. 1682)
1780 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
1789 - Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
1789 - Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b. 1740)
1790 - Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
1817 - Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
1827 - Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
1834 - Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
1850 - August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
1876 - Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
1881 - Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
1887 - Alfred Krupp, German munitions manufacturer (b. 1812)
1904 - Paul Kruger, Boer resistance leader (b. 1824)
1907 - William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
1910 - Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
1917 - Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
1939 - Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
1954 - Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
1965 - Adlai Stevenson, U.S. Presidential candidate (b. 1900)
1967 - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
1968 - Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
1974 - Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (b. 1891)
1975 - Madan Mohan, Hindi Film's Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
1984 - Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
1984 - Philippe Wynne, American musician (b. 1941)
1989 - Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
1993 - Léo Ferré, French singer and songwriter (b. 1916)
1994 - César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (b. 1940)
1996 - Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
1998 - Dick McDonald, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1909)
1999 - Gar Samuelson, American drummer (b. 1958)
2000 - William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
2000 - René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
2000 - Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
2002 - Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
2003 - Tex Schramm, American football general manager (b. 1920)
2003 - Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
2003 - François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
2005 - Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician, and writer (b. 1918)
2007 - John Ferguson Sr, former professional hockey player (b. 1938)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Saint Bonaventure, bishop, confessor, Doctor of the Church
Saint Camillus de Lellis, priest, confessor (died 1614), patron saints of sick care
Saint Cyprian, martyr at Poitiers
Saint Exuperius, bishop of Bayeux
Saint Phocas, bishop, martyr France; 6082
Saint Giles of Assisi
Saint Henry, confessor Gnesen
Saint Justus, confessor (at Trier, or Bourges) Trier, Bourges, Sens
Saint Landericus, bishop of Sées Paris
Saint Libertus (died 743)
Saint Lupus, bishop (of Bayeux) (Translation) Bayeux
Saint Maldegar, confessor Cambrai
Saint Sisinnius and companions, martyrs Chur
Saint Ulric(us) (died 1093)
Saint Vigor, bishop of Bayeux (Translation) Bayeux
Saint Vincent, confessor Cambrai
Saint Amelberga, virgin Bruges
External links Edit
54 Familypedia people were born on July 14
66 Familypedia people died on July 14
54 Familypedia people were first married on July 14