is the 199th day of the year (200th in July 18 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 166 days remaining until the end of the year.
390 BC - Roman- Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
64 - Great fire of Rome: A fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control while Emperor Nero reportedly plays his lyre and sings while watching the blaze from a safe distance.
1195 - Battle of Alarcos, great victory of Almohad ruler Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur over the Castilian King Alfonso VIII.
1536 - The authority of the Pope is declared void in England.
1656 - Polish-Lithuanian forces clashes with Sweden and its Brandenburg allies in the start of what is to be known as The Battle of Warsaw which ends in a decisive Swedish victory.
1830 - Uruguay adopts its first constitution.
1857 - Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war on the French.
1861 - American Civil War: Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford prior to First Battle of Bull Run(1st Battle of Manassas).
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Fort Wagner/Morris Island - The first formal African American military unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Battery Wagner but their valiant fighting still proves the worth of African American soldiers during the war.
1872 - The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland introduces voting by secret ballot.
1873 - Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
1898 - Marie and Pierre Curie announce the discovery of a new element and proposed to call it polonium.
1914 - The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, this gives definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
1925 - Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto .
Mein Kampf 1932 - The United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: The rebellion reaches peninsular Spain and conquers Galicia, west Castile, west Andalucia and Aragon.
1938 - Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland.
1940 - Democratic National Convention, Chicago: President Franklin D. Roosevelt is nominated for an unprecedented third term in office.
1942 - World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
1944 - World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
1947 - President Harry S. Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act into law which places the Speaker of the House and the Senate President Pro Tempore next in the line of succession after the United States Vice President
1953 - Rock star Elvis Presley made his first recording in Sun Studios.
1965 - Zond 3 launched.
1966 - Gemini 10 launched.
1968 - Vietnam War: The two-day Honolulu Conference begins in Honolulu between US President Lyndon B. Johnson and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu.
1969 - After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a wooden bridge into a tide-swept pond and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.
1976 - Gymnast Nadia Comaneci, age 14, scores first ever perfect 10 at the Olympics.
1977 - Vietnam joins the United Nations.
1982 - 268 campesinos (" peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt's Guatemala.
1984 - McDonald's massacre in San Ysidro: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
1986 - A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station's helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.
1989 - Actress Rebecca Schaeffer is shot by a crazed fan, prompting California to pass America's first anti-stalking law in 1990.
1992 - The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappeared from their university in Lima.
1994 - AMIA Bombing: An explosion in Buenos Aires destroys a building housing several Jewish organizations, killing 85 and injuring many more.
1995 - On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.
1996 - Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec's costliest natural disasters ever.
1996 - In an event very similar to the Oklahoma tornado that would occur three years later, an F5 tornado hit the town of Oakfield, Wisconsin.
1997 - 8000 low-caste Indians riot in Mumbai ( Bombay) following a funeral for 10 children who had been killed by police.
1998 - A 23-foot tidal wave kills nearly 3,000 people in Papua New Guinea.
2001 - In Baltimore, a 60-car train derails in a tunnel, sparking a fire that lasted for days and virtually brought downtown Baltimore to a standstill.
1501 - Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
1504 - Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
1552 - Rudolf II (d. 1612)
1634 - Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)
1635 - Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)
1670 - Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (d. 1747)
1718 - Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
1720 - Gilbert White, English ornithologist (d. 1793)
1797 - Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
1811 - William Makepeace Thackeray, English author (d. 1863)
1818 - Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
1821 - Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)
1837 - Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
1845 - Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
1848 - W. G. Grace, English cricketer (d. 1915)
1853 - Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
1862 - Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)
1867 - Margaret Brown, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Titanic survivor (d. 1932)
1864 - Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)
1881 - Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
1884 - Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
1887 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian politician and traitor (d. 1945)
1890 - Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
1892 - Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
1894 - Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (d. 1940)
1895 - George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954)
1897 - E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (d. 1935)
1900 - Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (d. 1999)
1902 - Jessamyn West, American writer (d. 1984)
1902 - Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
1906 - S. I. Hayakawa, American semanticist and politician (d. 1992)
1906 - Clifford Odets, American writer (d. 1963)
1908 - Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (d. 1944)
1909 - Andrei Gromyko, Soviet diplomat and President (d. 1989)
1909 - Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
1909 - Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
1911 - Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
1913 - Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
1914 - Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
1916 - Johnny Hopp, baseball player (d. 2003)
1917 - Henri Salvador, French singer
1918 - Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
1920 - Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982)
1921 - John Glenn, Mercury Seven astronaut and United States Senator from Ohio
1922 - Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
1923 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
1924 - Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer
1925 - Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (d. 2004)
1926 - Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
1927 - Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
1929 - Dick Button, American figure skater
1929 - Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American singer (d. 2000)
1930 - Burt Kwouk, English actor
1933 - Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet
1933 - Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer
1933 - Jean Yanne, French film actor and director (d. 2003)
1934 - Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
1934 - Roger Reynolds, American composer and teacher
1935 - Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
1936 - Ted Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
1937 - Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1937 - Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
1938 - Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director
1938 - Ian Stewart, Scottish pianist formerly a member of The Rolling Stones (d. 1985)
1939 - Dion DiMucci, American singer
1939 - Brian Auger, British musician
1939 - Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
1939 - Jerry Moore, American football coach
1940 - James Brolin, American actor
1940 - Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
1941 - Frank Farian, German music producer
1941 - Lonnie Mack, American guitarist and singer
1941 - Martha Reeves, American singer
1942 - Adolf Ogi, member of the Swiss Federal Council
1942 - Bobby Susser, American songwriter and record producer
1942 - Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
1946 - Leo Madder, Belgian actor
1947 - Steve Forbes, American entrepreneur and politician
1947 - Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
1948 - Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
1950 - Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
1950 - Jack Layton, Canadian politician
1950 - Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
1951 - Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
1954 - Ricky Skaggs, American country/bluegrass musician
1955 - Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
1956 - Razor Shines, Major and Minor league baseball player, manager and coach
1957 - Nick Faldo, English golfer
1960 - Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
1961 - Elizabeth McGovern, American-born actress
1962 - Lee Arenberg, American actor
1962 - Jack Irons, American drummer ( Pearl Jam, Red Hot Chili Peppers)
1963 - Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
1963 - Mike Greenwell, baseball player
1963 - Al Snow, American professional wrestler
1966 - Lori Alan, American actress
1967 - Vin Diesel, American actor
1967 - Wendy Williams, radio host
1969 - Masanori Murakawa, Japanese professional wrestler
1971 - Penny Hardaway, American basketball player
1974 - Alan Morrison, British poet
1975 - Torii Hunter, baseball player
1975 - Daron Malakian, American guitarist ( System of a Down)
1976 - Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
1977 - Dylan Lane, American television host
1977 - Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
1978 - Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player
1978 - Ben Sheets, American baseball player
1978 - Melissa Theuriau, French newscaster
1978 - Verónica Romeo, Spanish singer
1979 - Rick Baxter, American politician
1979 - Deion Branch, football player
1979 - Jared Hess, Movie writer and director, ( Napoleon Dynamite)
1979 - Joey Mercury, American professional wrestler
1979 - Jermaine Paul, American musician
1980 - Kristen Bell, American actress
1980 - Bobby Henderson, American writer, founded the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster
1982 - Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress and Miss World 2000
1982 - Ryan Cabrera, American musician and TV host
1998 - Nixzmary Brown, child abuse victim (d. 2006)
1100 - Godfrey of Bouillon, French crusader
1488 - Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
1591 - Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)
1608 - Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
1610 - Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (b. 1573)
1623 - Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
1639 - Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
1665 - Stefan Czarniecki, Polish general (b. 1599)
1695 - Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)
1698 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
1721 - Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)
1730 - François de Neufville, French soldier (b. 1644)
1792 - John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
1817 - Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)
1863 - Robert Gould Shaw, American military officer (b. 1837)
1872 - Benito Juárez, President of Mexico (b. 1806)
1884 - Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
1892 - Thomas Cook, English travel agent (b. 1808)
1899 - Horatio Alger, American writer (b. 1832)
1916 - Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
1918 - Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
1925 - Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
1937 - Julian Bell, British poet, killed in the Spanish Civil War (b. 1908)
1944 - Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet, author and artist (b. 1870)
1948 - Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
1949 - Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
1952 - Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
1953 - Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
1952 - Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
1954 - George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)
1966 - Bobby Fuller, American rock singer and guitarist (b. 1942)
1968 - Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
1969 - Mary Jo Kopechne, American Robert F. Kennedy campaign worker (b. 1940)
1973 - Jack Hawkins, English film actor (b. 1910)
1982 - Lionel Daunais, French-Canadian singer and composer (b. 1902)
1985 - Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
1988 - Nico, German-born model and singer (b. 1938)
1989 - Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (b. 1954)
1990 - Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
1990 - Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (b. 1896)
1990 - Gerry Boulet, Quebec rock singer (b. 1946)
1990 - Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (b. 1918)
1995 - Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
1997 - Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American astronomer (b. 1928)
2001 - James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
2001 - Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
2002 - Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
2004 - Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
2004 - Emile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)
2005 - William Westmoreland, U.S. Army general (b. 1914)
2005 - Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
2007 - George Caiazzo, American professional wrestler
2007 - Jerry Hadley, American opera singer, (b. 1952)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Saint Ansuerus and companions, martyrs [Ratzeburg, Schwerin, Lübeck, Sleswig]
Saint Aquilinus, bishop of Evreux, confessor (Translation) [Evreux]
Saint Arnulph, bishop of Metz, bishop of Soissons), confessor (Translation) [Metz, Toul, Verdun; Paris]
Saint Arnulph, bishop of Tours, martyr [mainly northern Germany, France and England]
Saint Bruno, bishop of Segni, confessor [Tournai]
Saint Clarus, priest (sometimes bishop), martyr (Translation) [GTZ: Rouen]
Saint Frederick of Utrecht, bishop of Utrecht, martyr 838 [Utrecht]
Saint Henry II, emperor, confessor [Augsburg]
Saint Justin and Stateus, martyrs [Worms]
Saint Mammas, martyr [Freising]
Saint Maternus, bishop of Milan [Basel, Chur, Constance, Strassburg]
Saint Odulph, canon of Utrecht
Saint Philastrius, bishop of Brescia
Saint Symphorosa and her seven sons, martyrs 138 [common; Trier, France, Orden]
Saint Theneva, mother of Kentigern
External links Edit
73 Familypedia people were born on July 18
76 Familypedia people died on July 18
73 Familypedia people were first married on July 18