is the 183rd day of the year (184th in July 2 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 182 days remaining until the end of the year.
It is the middle day of a non-
leap year, because there are 182 days before and 182 days after. It falls on the same day of the week as New Year's Day (on non-leap years).
626 - In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin's father abdicated to him, and so Shimin became Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China.
963 - The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
1298 - The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
1561 - Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
1578 - Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
1582 - Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
1613 - First English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia - led by Samuel Argall.
1644 - English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
1679 - Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi - led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
1776 - The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain, though a public Declaration of Independence is not formally printed for the masses until July 4.
1777 - Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
1808 - Simon Fraser reaches Pacific near New Westminster.
1823 - " Bahia Independence Day" - the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the diehard Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
1839 - Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship .
Amistad 1850 - The self-contained gas mask is patented by Benjamin J. Lane.
1853 - The Russian Army invades Turkey, beginning the Crimean War.
1863 - American Civil War: Second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
1878 - The Brighton Beach Line (now the BMT Brighton Line) opens in the then-city of Brooklyn.
1881 - Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19.
1890 - The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
1900 - First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1917 - Forty-eight die in rioting in East St. Louis, as lower-paid black laborers clash with whites.
1937 - Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
1940 - Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose arrested and detained in Calcutta.
1941 - Nazi massacre of Jews in Lutsk, Ukraine. Jewish men were summoned for work, about 2000 of them were taken to the Lubart Fortress and murdered. German soldiers from rearguard units stationed in the city participated in the murder.
1947 - An object speculated to be a UFO crashes near Roswell, though the United States Air Force claims it is a weather balloon.
1950 - Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.
1950 - Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan was burned down.
1962 - The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers.
1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits segregation in public places.
1966 - The French military explode their nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
1969 - The Jimi Hendrix Experience break up.
1976 - North and South Vietnam, divided since 1954, reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
1979 - The first U.S. coin to honor a woman, the Susan B. Anthony dollar, is introduced.
1982 - Larry Walters uses 45 helium balloons and a lawnchair to propel himself to 16,000 feet.
1984 - National Flag and Anthem day in Curacao
1985 - Andrei Gromyko is appointed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
1990 - A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during .
hajj 1993- The Sivas Massacre
2000 - Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).
2001 - AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
2002 - Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
2004 - ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) accepts Pakistan as the 24th member.
2005 - Ten Live 8 concerts are held around the world in an attempt to force G8 countries to address poverty.
419 - Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (d. 455)
1029 - Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)
1262 - Arthur II (d. 1312)
1489 - Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1556)
1492 - Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
1647 - Daniel Finch, English privy councilor (d. 1730)
1665 - Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
1667 - Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
1714 - Christoph Willibald von Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
1724 - Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)
1819 - Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
1820 - George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
1821 - Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1915)
1849 - Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
1862 - William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
1865 - Lily Braun, German writer (d. 1916)
1876 - Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
1877 - Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
1881 - Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
1884 - Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
1890 - Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
1893 - Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
1896 - Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)
1900 - Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
1903 - Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
1903 - King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
1904 - René Lacoste, French tennis player (d. 1996)
1906 - Hans Bethe, German-born nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
1908 - Thurgood Marshall, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1993)
1914 - Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
1914 - Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
1916 - Ken Curtis, American actor and singer (d. 1991)
1916 - Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
1917 - Murry Wilson, American musician and producer ( The Beach Boys) (d. 1973)
1918 - Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
1923 - Wisława Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel laureate
1925 - Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (d. 1963)
1925 - Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1961)
1926 - Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
1927 - Brock Peters, American actor (d. 2005)
1929 - Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines
1929 - John A. Cade, American politician
1930 - Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
1932 - Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (d. 2002)
1933 - Kenny Wharram, Canadian hockey player
1934 - Tom Springfield, British singer and songwriter ( The Springfields)
1937 - Polly Holliday, American actress
1937 - Richard Petty, American race car driver
1939 - John H. Sununu, White House Chief of Staff under George HW Bush
1939 - Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
1939 - Paul Williams, American singer ( The Temptations) (d. 1973)
1940 - Kenneth Harry Clarke, British politician
1941 - Stéphane Venne, French Canadian songwriter
1942 - Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
1943 - Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
1946 - Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
1946 - Ron Silver, American actor
1947 - Larry David, American television producer
1948 - Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
1949 - Roy Bittan, American musician ( E Street Band)
1949 - Hanno Pöschl, Austrian actor
1949 - Robert Paquette, French Canadian singer and songwriter
1953 - Mark Hart, British musician ( Crowded House and Supertramp)
1953 - Tony Armas, Venezuelan baseball player
1954 - Pete Briquette, Irish musician ( Boomtown Rats)
1955 - Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
1955 - Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
1956 - Jerry Hall, American actress
1957 - Bret "Hitman" Hart, Canadian wrestler
1958 - Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
1959 - Mike Hallett, English snooker player
1960 - Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
1964 - José Canseco, Cuban baseball player
1964 - Ozzie Canseco, Cuban baseball player
1964 - Joe Magrane, Amerian baseball player
1964 - Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
1969 - Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
1970 - Yancy Butler, American actress
1970 - Colin Edwin, Australian musician ( Porcupine Tree)
1970 - Scotty 2 Hotty, American wrestler
1970 - Monie Love, English rapper
1970 - Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
1971 - Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
1971 - Troy Brown, American football player
1973 - Peter Kay, British comedian
1974 - Sean Casey, American baseball player
1974 - Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
1974 - Matthew Reilly, Australian author
1974 - Rocky Gray, American musician
1975 - Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist ( Millencolin)
1975 - Eric Daze, French Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
1976 - Tomáš Vokoun, Czech hockey player
1978 - Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
1979 - Sam Hornish, American race car driver
1979 - Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
1981 - Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
1981 - Angel Pagán, Puerto Rican baseball player
1983 - Michelle Branch, American musician
1984 - Johnny Weir, American figure skater
1985 - Rhett Bomar, American football player
1985 - Chad Henne, American football player
1985 - Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
1986 - Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer
1986 - Choi Dae Hyun, South Korean model
1989 - Omero Mumba, Irish actor
862 - St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester(b. 789)
1298 - Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of the Romans(b. 1220)
1504 - Ştefan cel Mare, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)
1566 - Nostradamus, French astrologer (b. 1503)
1582 - Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
1591 - Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)
1621 - Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
1656 - François-Marie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
1674 - Eberhard III (b. 1614)
1684 - John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
1743 - Spencer Compton, second Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1746 - Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
1778 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (b. 1712)
1778 - Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
1822 - Denmark Vesey, American who planned slave revolt, hanged (b. ca. 1767)
1833 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
1843 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (b. 1755)
1850 - Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1788)
1903 - Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (b. 1867)
1912 - Tom Richardson, English cricket player (b. 1870)
1914 - Joseph Chamberlain, Mayor of Birmingham and Father of Neville (b. 1836)
1915 - Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (b. 1830)
1920 - William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
1926 - Émile Coué, French psychologist (b. 1857)
1929 - Gladys Brockwell, American actress (b. 1893)
1932 - Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)
1934 - Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (b. 1887)
1937 - Amelia Earhart, American aviator (b. 1897)
1955 - Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
1961 - Ernest Hemingway, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
1964 - Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929)
1966 - Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
1969 - Michael DiBiase, wrestler (b. 1923)
1972 - Joseph Fielding Smith, tenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1876)
1973 - Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)
1973 - Chick Hafey, baseball player (b. 1903)
1973 - George McBride, baseball player (b. 1880)
1973 - Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
1975 - James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
1977 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (b. 1899)
1978 - Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
1985 - David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
1986 - Peanuts Lowrey, baseball player (b. 1917)
1989 - Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
1989 - Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (b. 1909)
1991 - Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
1992 - Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (b. 1950)
1993 - Fred Gwynne, American actor (b. 1926)
1994 - Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (b. 1967)
1995 - Krissy Taylor, American model (b. 1978)
1997 - Jimmy Stewart, American actor (b. 1908)
1999 - Mario Puzo, American author (b. 1920)
2000 - Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1952)
2002 - Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (b. 1926)
2004 - Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
2004 - John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
2005 - Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
2006 - Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)
2006 - Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (b. 1923)
2007 - Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1921)
2007 - Beverly Sills, American soprano (b. 1929)
2007 - Hy Zaret, American lyricist and composer (b. 1907)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical observances Edit
Originally, in the Roman Catholic Church, the Feast of the Visitation was celebrated on this day, although it has since been transferred to May 31
Aberoh and Atom
 Saint Bernardino Realino (died 1616)
Saint John Regis
Saint Otto, bishop of Bamberg (died 1139)
Saint Oudoceus, bishop of Landaff
Saints Processus and Martinianus, martyrs
Saint Swithun, bishop of Winchester, confessor [England, Norway]
Saint Monegundes, matron, recluse [Tours]
Annual pilgrimage at Mariánska hora
^ Holweck, F. G.
A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.
External links Edit
52 Familypedia people were born on July 2
82 Familypedia people died on July 2
52 Familypedia people were first married on July 2