is the 191st day of the year (192nd in July 9 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.
455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1357 - Charles IV assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
1540 - Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
1541 - Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
1755 - French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition - British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces.
1789 - In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
1790 - Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund -In the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
1793 - Act Against Slavery passed in Upper Canada and importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
1810 - Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
1815 - Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
1816 - Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1846 - By an Act of Congress, the Washington area south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia.
1850 - President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
1863 - American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson ends.
1867 - An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young set out to search for Dr David Livingstone ( Scottish Missionary and explorer).
1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1887 - Reportedly paper napkins were used for the first time by John Dickinson (stationery manufacturers) at the company's annual dinner.
1900 - Queen Victoria gives royal assent to an act creating the Commonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government.
1918 - Great train wreck of 1918: In Nashville, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
1921 - Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar delivered his famous speech at Khilafat Conference, Karachi.
1922 - Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking a world swimming record and the 'minute barrier'.
1943 - World War II: Operation Husky - Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Normandy - British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Saipan - Americans take Saipan.
1948 - Pakistan issued first set of Postage stamp, having image of Constituent Assembly, Jinnah International Airport (Quaid-e-Azam International Airport), Shahi Fort.
1955 - The Russell-Einstein Manifesto was released by Bertrand Russell in London.
1967 - A team of mountaineers successfully climb the Old Man of Hoy, the expedition is televised by BBC television in a unique live outside broadcast.
1975 - The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
1979 - A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed " Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
1981 - Senegalese political parties Party of Independence and Work ( PIT) and Democratic League - Movement for the Labour Party ( LD-MPT) legally recognized.
1982 - A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner killing all 146 people on board and eight others on the ground.
1982 - A man breaks into Queen Elizabeth II's bedroom in what became known as the Michael Fagan incident
1984 - York Minster was struck by a lightning bolt, the resulting fire rampaged through most of the building. However the cathedral valuables were rescued by clergymen and the " Rose Window" was not affected.
1986 - The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
1989 - Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
1991 - International Federation of Human Rights cites human rights violations committed by police and military personnel during Oka crisis in Quebec, Canada.
1991 - South Africa is reintroduced into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.
1995 - Musical group The Grateful Dead perform the last concert of their 30-year career at Soldier Field, Chicago.
1999 - Days of student protests begins after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory of University of Tehran.
2002 - The African Union was established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman was Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
2004 - After José Manuel Barroso's appointment to the European Commission, Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio announces that he will invite the second-in-line leader of PSD, Pedro Santana Lopes to form government.
2006 - At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.
1511 - Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
1577 - Thomas West, English Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
1578 - Ferdinand II (d. 1637)
1654 - Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
1686 - Philip Livingston, American politician (d. 1749)
1689 - Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
1721 - Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
1753 - William Waldegrave, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
1764 - Ann Radcliffe, English writer (d. 1823)
1775 - Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
1786 - Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
1800 - Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
1808 - Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
1819 - Elias Howe, American inventor (d. 1867)
1828 - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
1836 - Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
1836 - Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
1848 - Robert I, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
1858 - Franz Boas, German anthropologist (d. 1942)
1879 - Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (d. 1936)
1879 - Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
1889 - Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
1893 - George Geary, English cricketer (d. 1981)
1894 - Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
1901 - Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000)
1905 - Clarence Campbell, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1984)
1908 - Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)
1911 - Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (d. 1968)
1911 - John A. Wheeler, American physicist
1915 - David Diamond, American composer (d. 2005)
1916 - Sir Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
1916 - Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
1918 - Jarl Wahlström, the 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
1926 - Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1927 - Ed Ames, American singer and actor
1927 - Susan Cabot, American actress (d. 1986)
1927 - Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player
1928 - Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
1928 - Vince Edwards, American actor, director and singer (d. 1996)
1929 - King Hassan II of Morocco, (d. 1999)
1929 - Lee Hazlewood, American country singer, songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
1929 - Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolinist
1930 - Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger and conductor
1930 - Roy McLean, South African cricketer (d. 2007)
1932 - Donald Rumsfeld, 13th & 21st United States Secretary of Defense
1935 - Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician (d. 2005)
1936 - Floyd Abrams, First Amendment attorney and advocate
1936 - June Jordan, American writer and teacher (d. 2002)
1936 - Andre Pronovost, French Canadian ice hockey player
1937 - David Hockney, English artist
1938 - Brian Dennehy, American actor
1942 - Richard Roundtree, American actor
1942 - Edy Williams, American actress
1943 - John Casper, astronaut
1945 - Dean R. Koontz, American author
1945 - Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
1946 - Bon Scott, Australian singer ( AC/DC) (d. 1980)
1947 - Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician
1947 - Mitch Mitchell, English drummer
1947 - O.J. Simpson, American football player and actor
1948 - Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
1950 - Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister of Ukraine
1951 - Chris Cooper, American actor
1952 - John Tesh, American composer
1953 - Thomas Ligotti, American author
1953 - Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
1955 - Fred Norris, American radio personality
1955 - Jimmy Smits, American actor
1955 - Willie Wilson, American baseball player
1955 - Steve Coppell, English football player and manager
1956 - Marc Almond, British singer
1956 - Tom Hanks, American actor
1957 - Kelly McGillis, American actress
1957 - Tim Kring, American writer and producer
1959 - Jim Kerr, Scottish singer (Simple Minds)
1959 - Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler
1959 - Clive Stafford Smith, British human rights lawyer
1960 - Marc Mero, American professional wrestler
1964 - Courtney Love, American musician
1964 - Gianluca Vialli, Italian football player
1965 - Frank Bello, American musician ( Anthrax)
1965 - David O'Hara, Irish-Scottish actor
1965 - Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
1967 - Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
1968 - Paolo Di Canio, Italian football player
1968 - Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
1969 - Mark Lui, Hong Kong composer and producer
1970 - Trent Green, American football player
1970 - Masami Tsuda, manga author
1971 - Marc Andreessen, American software developer
1971 - Dani Behr, Model & TV Presenter
1973 - Kelly Holcomb, American football player
1974 - Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish bassist and singer ( Millencolin)
1975 - Jack White, American musician ( The White Stripes}
1975 - Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
1976 - Fred Savage, American actor
1976 - Jochem Uytdehaage, Dutch speed skater
1977 - Isaac Brock, American musician
1978 - Linda Park, Korean-born actress
1978 - Mark Medlock, German singer
1979 - Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress
1981 - Kimveer Gill, Canadian spree shooter ( Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
1982 - Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
1982 - Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
1982 - Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
1982 - Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
1983 - Lucia Micarelli, American musician
1984 - Jacob Hoggard, singer of Canadian band Hedley
1985 - Ashley Young, English football player
1986 - Kiely Williams, American singer and actress
1991 - Mitchel Musso, American actor
1994 - Akiane Kramarik, American painter and poet
1995 - Georgie Henley, English actress
518 - Anastasius I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 430)
1228 - Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
1386 - Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
1553 - Maurice (b. 1521)
1654 - Ferdinand IV of Germany (b. 1633)
1706 - Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer (b. 1661)
1737 - Gian Gastone de' Medici (b. 1671)
1742 - John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
1746 - Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
1747 - Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (b. 1670)
1766 - Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
1795 - Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
1797 - Edmund Burke, British philosopher and statesman (b. 1729)
1850 - Báb, Persian founder of the Bábi Faith (b. 1819)
1850 - Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
1852 - Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician (b. 1794)
1855 - Lord Raglan Commander of the British forces during the Crimean War
1856 - Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (b. 1776)
1856 - James Strang, Mormon splinter group leader (b. 1813)
1880 - Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
1882 - Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero
1903 - Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
1927 - John Drew Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
1932 - King C. Gillette, American inventor (b. 1885)
1937 - Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
1938 - Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)
1947 - Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
1949 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born Australian composer (b. 1874)
1951 - Harry Heilmann, American Baseball player (b. 1894)
1955 - Don Beauman, British racing driver (b. 1928)
1967 - Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (b. 1874)
1972 - Robert Weede, American baritone (b. 1903)
1974 - Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
1979 - Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
1980 - Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and lyricist (b. 1913)
1985 - Charlotte (b. 1896)
1985 - Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
1992 - Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)
1994 - Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
1996 - Melvin Belli, American attorney (b. 1907)
1999 - Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician (b. 1944)
2002 - Laurence Janifer, American writer (b. 1933)
2002 - Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
2004 - Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
2004 - Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
2004 - Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
2005 - Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
2005 - Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
2006 - Milan Williams, American musician ( The Commodores) (b. 1948)
2007 - Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Roman Catholic Church
Feast of Our Lady of Peace; Octave of the Visitation
Saint Agilulf, bishop of Cologne, martyr [Cologne]
Saint Brictius, bishop, confessor [Magdeburg]
Saint Cyril, bishop and companions, martyrs
Saint Ephrem the Deacon, confessor, Doctor of the Church [northern France]
Elevation of Saint Eleutherius, bishop of Tournai, confessor [Tournai]
Saint Heraclius, bishop of Sens [Sens]
Holy Martyrs of Gorcum (died 1572)
Translation of Saint Nicholas, bishop, confessor [Salzburg only]
Translation of Saint Pavacius, bishop of Le Mans [LeMans]
Saint Procopius, martyr [Worms, Würzburg]
Saint Sevo (Gevo) [Bruges]
Saint Sabinus, bishop, martyr [Kammin]
Saint Theobald, abbot, confessor [ Paris; as Thibault]
Saint Everildis, virgin [ York]
Saint Veronica de Julianis, virgin [BLS]
Saint Zeno, martyr [Paris, Châlons-sur-Marne]
External links Edit
52 Familypedia people were born on July 9
80 Familypedia people died on July 9
52 Familypedia people were first married on July 9