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Kabirdham District

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Kabirdham district is one of the 16 administrative districts of Chhattisgarh state in central India. The district was earlier known as Kawardha district. The district is located between 21.32' to 22.28' north latitudes and 80.48' to 81.48' east longitudes. The district covers an area of 4634.98 km2. The city of Kawardha is its administrative headquarters. This district is known for the Bhoramdeo temple (which is also known by the sobriquet, "the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh") located at a distance of 18 km from the district headquarters, Kawardha.

The boundaries of the district are Dindori District to the north, Bilaspur District and Durg District to the east, Rajnandgaon District to the south, and Balaghat District to the west. The northern and western parts are surrounded by the Maikal mountain ranges of Satpura.

HistoryEdit

On July 2, 1998 the government of Madhya Pradesh state decided to constitute a new district, Kawardha by combining the erstwhile tehsil of Kawardha of Rajnandgaon district and the erstwhile tehsil of Pandariya of Bilaspur district.[1] The town of Kawardha was decided as the headquarters for this new district. The new district came into existence on July 6, 1998.[1] The district is presently known as Kabirdham district.

The present day tehsil of Kawardha was a princely state, formed in the first half of the 18th century. In 1895 it became Kawardha tehsil of Mandla district. In 1903, it was included in Bilaspur district. In 1912, it was shifted to Raipur district and in 1948 it became a part of Durg district. On January 26, 1973 a new district, Rajnandgaon came into existence and it became a part of it.[1]

The other tehsil Pandariya was known as Pandariya zamindari till 1952. In 1952, it became a community block of Bilaspur district and in 1986 its status was raised to a tehsil.[1]

Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa (Vaibhav Prakashan, Raipur1, ISBN 81-89244-96-5)

Dr.Sanjay Alung-Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes (Mansi publication, Delhi6, ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8)

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Kabirdham District has a population of 822,239 ,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[3] or the US state of South Dakota.[4] This gives it a ranking of 479th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 195 inhabitants per square kilometre (510 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 40.66 %.[2] Kabirdham has a sex ratio of 997 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 61.95 %.[2]

LanguagesEdit

Languages spoken include Agariya, an Austro-Asiatic tongue with approximately 72 000 speakers, spoken in the Maikal Hills..[5]

DivisionsEdit

The district is divided into two tehsils, Kabirdham and Pandariya. Kabirdham tehsil consists of 3 blocks: Bodla, S.Lohara and Kawardha. Pandariya tehsil is a single block.[6] The four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district are Kawardha, Virendra Nagar, Lormi and Mungali.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d History of Kabirdham district from official website, accessed 06-Sep-2008
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "South Dakota 814,180" 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Agariya: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=agi. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ Divisions of Kabirdham district from official website, accessed 06-Sep-2008

External linksEdit

Template:Kabirdham


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kabirdham District. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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