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Kaimur district

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Kaimur district
कैमूर जिला
—  district  —
Bihar district location map Kaimur.svg
Country Flag of India.svg India
State Bihar
Administrative Division Patna Division
Headquarters Bhabua
Area
 • Total 8,268 km2 (3,192 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,289,074
Languages
 • Official
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Tehsils
LokSabha Sasaram])
Website http://www.kaimur.bih.nic.in/

Kaimur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district headquarters are located at Bhabua. The district occupies an area of 3363 km² and has a population of 1,284,575 (as of 2001). A considerable hilly, forested area, currently infested by bandits. Kaimur district is a part of Patna division.

HistoryEdit

Kaimur district was established in 1991. It was sectioned off from the Rohtas district. The earliest evidence of human habitation in the district consists of rock paintings in the Lehda forest that date to around 20,000 years ago.

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

GeographyEdit

Kaimur district occupies an area of 3,362 square kilometres (1,298 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island.[3]

The Kaimur Range and Rohtas Plateau cover the southern part of this district. The Karmnasha and Durgawati rivers run through the district. A large forest covers part of Kaimur; it measures 1,06,300 hectares and contains the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary which is home to tigers, leopards and chinkaras.

Rivers: Durgavati River, Karmanasa River, Kudra river. Waterfall: Karkat Waterfall, Telhar.

EconomyEdit

Agriculture the is the main component of the economy in the district. Rice, wheat, telhan, dalhan and maize are the main crops. Industries located in the district include Vanaspati Oil Ltd. and the Power Grid Corporation of India's high voltage direct current (HVDC) grid station at Pusauli.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kaimur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

DivisionsEdit

Sub Divisions: Mohania, Bhabua
Blocks: Bhabua, Ramgarh, Mohania, Durgawati, Adhaura, Bhagwanpur, Chand, Chainpur, Kudra, Rampur, Nuawon

TransportEdit

TrainEdit

The district has only a major station at Mohania, mostally known as "Bhabua Road" on the Howrah-New Delhi Grand Card in Mughalsarai region.

The statiion code is "BBU"

The main trains are

  • Purushottam Express,
  • Mahabodhi Exp(2397),
  • Poorva(Hawra delux) Exp,
  • Kalka Mail,
  • Jharkhand Exp,
  • Neelanchal Exp,
  • Mumbai Mail,
  • Doon
  • Chamble Exp,
  • Shipra Exp,
  • Sealdah Exp,
  • BudhPurnima Exp,
  • Asansol-Ahmedabad Exp,
  • Dikshabhumi Exp,
  • Jodhpur Exp,
  • Garib Nawaj Exp,
  • Ranchi Varanasi Exp
  • Ranchi Garib Rath Exp
  • Jharkhand swarana jayanti Exp
  • Gaya Chennai Exp
  • Ludhiyana Dhanbad Exp

There is a proposed railway line which will connect from Arrah to Mundeshwari via ramgarh - Mohania - Bhabua The town is 180 km from Patna and 60 km from Varanasi by road. Other stations are Kudra, Durgawati, Pusauli

RoadEdit

National Highway 2 (G.T. Road) crosses through the heart of the city.

National Highway 30 originates from this city and connect with the capital Patna via Arrah. Apart from these, there are also a few State Highways in the city. Mohania is connected to Bauxar via Ramgarh from the south and with Bhabua (district capital, Audhaura, Bhagwanpur) from the south.

Mohania Sub-division is situated on Gaya-Mughalsarai Section of Grand Chord Railway line; the railway station is called Bhabua Road. The district headquarter is located at a distance of 14 km southward from the railway station or the G.T. Road that is Bhabua.


The famous temple mundeshawari devi is situated in kaimur district.The route for this temple goes through the mohania.If someone wants to go to this temple then he should arrive at Bhabua road station first then he may take the bus to go to mundeshawari devi temple.

The nearest Airport is at Varanasi.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Kaimur district has a population of 1,626,900 ,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[6] or the US state of Idaho.[7] This gives it a ranking of 307th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 488 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,260 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.54 %.[5] Kaimur has a sex ratio of 919 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 71.01 %.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2009/12/naxal-menace-83-districts-under.html. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Vaygach Island 3,329km2" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Idaho 1,567,582" 

External linksEdit

Template:Patna Division Template:Patna Division topics



This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kaimur district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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