Karnal district (Hindi: करनाल जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. Karnal town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Other major towns in this district are Assandh, Gharaunda, Nilokheri, Indri and Uncha Siwana. This district is part of Rohtak Division.
Karnal district was one of the districts of Punjab state. It became one of the seven districts of Haryana state at the time of its inception on 1 November 1966. Later Kurukshetra district was separated from it on 23 January 1973, Kaithal district was separated from it on 1 November 1989. Panipat district was merged with it on 24 July 1991 but again separated from this district on 1 January 1992.
Shaheed Baba Tapa Singh ji an 18th century Sikh Warrior Preached Sikhism in Karnal Countryside and Neighboring Regions.
The Karnal Countryside (District) was Occupied by the Sikhs under the Leadership of Sardar Baghel Singh (1730–1802) of Krora Singha Misl, in the 1780s. The Area of Karnal fell in to the hands of the Maratha Hindu Empire in the year 1785 after The Sikh Sardars Ruled this area until the early 1800s when the District was Taken by the British East India Company.
During the British Rule Karnal District also had powerful Sikh Sardars (Chiefs) Sardar Shamsher Singh Sidhu of Arnauli, Sardar Sheo Narayan Singh of Shahabad, Sardar Ujal Singh Uppal of Dhanaura, Sardar Kishan Singh of Tangaur, Sardar Bahadur Sardar Jawala Singh of Jharauli, Sardar Gurdit Singh Dhillon of Shamgarh, Sardar Tirlok Singh of Sikri.
The Karnal District also Had Muslim Sardars (Chiefs) such as Nawab Azmat Ali Khan Mandal, Nawab Ibrahim Ali Khan of Kunjpura.
The District of Karnal had a significant population of Muslims but overall it had majority Hindu and some sikh villages before the 1947 Partition took place and was awarded to East Punjab which remained part of India.
Karnal district lies on the western bank of the river Yamuna, which forms its eastern boundary and separates Haryana from Uttar Pradesh. Karnal District, including Panipat, lies between 29 09' 50" and 29 50' North and 76 31' 15" and 77 12' 45" East; its height above sea level is around 240 meters. The district has an area of 1,967 km² and its population is 1,274,183 (2001 census). Karnal District is bordered by Kurukshetra District on its north-west, Jind & Kaithal Districts on its west, Panipat District on its south and Uttar Pradesh state on the east.
The district is a part of the Indus-Ganges plain and has a well-spread network of western Yamuna canals. Its geographical area has been divided into three agroclimatic regions: Khadar, Bangar and Nardak belt. Khadar starts from the Indri-Karnal road one mile away from Karnal covering the area between the Yamuna river and National Highway 1 up to Patti-Kalyana village. Bangar area starts from west of Khadar area covering Gharaunda development block. The Nardak area lies in Nissing, Nilokheri and Assandh development block. However, its water is saline and not fit for irrigation.
Karnal district is divided into two sub-divisions: Karnal and Assandh. Karnal sub-division is divided into 4 tehsils: Karnal, Nilokheri, Indri and Gharaunda and 2 sub-tehsils: Nissing and Nigdu. Assandh sub-division comprises a lone tehsil, Assandh and a lone sub-tehsil, Ballah.
Cities, towns, villages, and other communitiesEdit
- Karnal (city)
villeges :-Sultanpur, kachhawa,Sambhli, Sitamai, Brass, Nissing, troury,salwan,sagga,gonder,bal pabana,nadana,balla,garhi birbal,labakari,kalsora,musepur,samaspur,bada goan,ghid,byana,chora,nandi,bhoji,umarpur,dhanokhedi,hinori,chogawa,hansumajra,khokhni,kheda,patheda,rajepur,
According to the 2011 census Karnal district has a population of 1,506,323, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 333rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,550 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.22 %. Karnal has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.4 %.
- ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gabon 1,576,665"
- ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Hawaii 1,360,301"
|Kurukshetra district|| Yamuna Nagar district |
Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh
|Kaithal district||Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Jind district||Panipat district|
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