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Kohima district

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Kohima district
—  District  —
Gate over a road
Entrance to Kohima district
Nagaland Kohima district map.png
Kohima district's location in Nagaland
Coordinates: 25°40′N 94°07′E / 25.667, 94.117Coordinates: 25°40′N 94°07′E / 25.667, 94.117
State Nagaland
Country India
Seat Kohima
Elevation 1,444 m (4,738 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,70,063
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-NL-KO
Website http://kohima.nic.in/

Kohima district is a district of Nagaland state in India. It is the home of the Angami Naga tribe. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Nagaland (out of 11), after Dimapur.[1]

HistoryEdit

Kohima is the first seat of modern administration as the Headquarter of Naga Hills District (then under Assam) with the appointment of G.H. Damant as Political Officer in 1879. When Nagaland became a full fledged state on 1 December 1963, Kohima was christened as the state capital. Since then, parts of Kohima have been carved out twice - once in 1973 to create Phek District and in 1998 when Dimapur was declared as a separate district.

GeographyEdit

The District headquarter of Kohima District is Kohima. Kohima situated in the south at an altitude of 1444 m above sea level, occupies pride of place as the capital city of Nagaland.

Kohima district is bounded by Dimapur on the West, Wokha district on the North, Zunheboto and Phek districts on the East and Manipur state on the South.

Climate Edit

Kohima has a pleasant and moderate climate - not too cold in winters and pleasant summers. December and January are the coldest months when frost occurs and in the higher altitudes snowfall occurs occasionally. During the height of summers, from July–August, temperature ranges an average of 80-90 Fahrenheit. Heavy rainfall occurs during summer and Kohima receives an average annual rainfall of nearly 2000 mm.

Climate data for Kohima
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.9
(64.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77.0)
23.4
(74.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.7
(63.9)
22.2
(72.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.7
(54.9)
15.6
(60.1)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.1
(64.6)
16.6
(61.9)
13.1
(55.6)
9.4
(48.9)
14.6
(58.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 11.7
(0.461)
35.4
(1.394)
47.6
(1.874)
88.7
(3.492)
159.2
(6.268)
333.8
(13.142)
371.8
(14.638)
364.0
(14.331)
250.1
(9.846)
126.0
(4.961)
35.2
(1.386)
7.8
(0.307)
1,831.3
(72.098)
Avg. rainy days 2 3.9 5.8 12.2 16.9 23.1 24.6 22.9 19.1 10.7 3.6 1.4 146.2
Source: WMO [2]

Divisions Edit

  • Kewhima Village or Kohima Village
  • Viswema Village
  • Kidima Village
  • Khuzama Village
  • Kezoma Village
  • Kezo Basa/Town
  • Sakhaba Village
  • Phesama Village
  • Mima Village
  • Pfuchama Village
  • Jakhama Village
  • Kigwema Village
  • Jotsoma Village
  • Khonoma Village
  • Meriema Village
  • Mezoma Village
  • Gariphema Village
  • Tuophema Village
  • Botsa Village
  • Nerhema Village
  • Chiephobozou Village
  • Chiechama Village
  • Chedema Village
  • Thizama Village
  • Tuophe Phezou Village
  • 32 Rengma Naga Villages

List of Administrative Headquarters Edit

  • Deputy Commissioner's Office, Kohima
  • Additional Deputy Commissioner's Office, Tseminyu
  • Additional Deputy Commissioner's Office, Chiephobozou
  • Sub-Divisional Officer (C) Office, Jakhama
  • Sub-Divisional Officer (C) Office, Sechü
  • EAC Hq. Kezocha
  • EAC Hq. Botsa
  • EAC Hq. Chogizun

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Kohima district has a population of 270,063 ,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Barbados.[4] This gives it a ranking of 576th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 0 %.[3] Kohima has a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 85.58 %.[3]

The main indigenous inhabitants of Kohima district are the Angami Nagas and the Rengma.

Flora and faunaEdit

In 1980 Kohima district became home to the Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 9.2 km2 (3.6 sq mi).[5] It is a natural habitat for Blyth’s Tragopan.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ "Kohima". World Meteorological Organisation. http://www.worldweather.org/066/c01601.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Nagaland". http://oldwww.wii.gov.in/envis/envis_pa_network/index.htm. Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  6. ^ http://nagaforest.nic.in/wildlife.htm

External linksEdit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kohima district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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