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List of most common surnames

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Family names can be unique or come in large numbers. In different countries some names are more common than others. This is a listing of common surnames (alphabetical by country names):

Argentina

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Bangladesh

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Belgium

Rank Name Number of people
1 Peeters 33,113
2 Janssens 30,996
3 Maes 25,567
4 Jacobs 20,096
5 Mertens 18,699
6 Willems 18,540
7 Claes 16,757
8 Goossens 16,075
9 Wouters 15,834
10 De Smet 14,251

For the three Regions in Belgium, the most common surnames are:

Rank Flemish region Walloon region Brussels-Capital region
1 Peeters Dubois Janssens
2 Janssens Lambert Peeters
3 Maes Martin Dubois
4 Jacobs Dupont Jacobs
5 Willems Dumont Mertens
Date

January 1, 2001

Source

Statistics Belgium, Demographical Statistics. [1]

Brazil

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Most of Brazilian surnames derive from Portuguese surnames. The Portuguese started colonizing Brazil in the 16th century and brought with them many Black African slaves who were forced to work in Sugarcane plantations and other intensive labor activities. Since these slaves were considered property of their masters, they usually adopted their master’s surname, as well as their offspring. When someone's surname was unknown, not verifiable or considered unpronounceable in Portuguese language, their surname was usually registered as "da Costa" when living near the sea coast or "da Silva" (from the forest) if lived inland. The surname "dos Santos" (from the saints) was given to orphan children. This explains why these names (da Costa, da Silva, dos Santos) are so common and why, although the high degree of miscegenation between Portuguese, African and local Indigenous people, Portuguese names are so common. Other common surnames of Portuguese origin, such as Pires, Rodrigues, Lopes, Mendes, Fernandes - notice that they end with -es, not -ez as in Spanish, are also still very common both in Portugal and Brazil. Also many "New Christians" (converted Jews) who adopted names after trees (Pereira, Oliveira), geographic sites (Ribeiro, Matos), or animals (Coelho, Peixe), came from Portugal to Brazil to escape the Inquisition period in Europe - note that these names are not Jewish in origin and are not a sign of Jewish ancestry per se. A new wave of European immigration came to Brazil in the late 19th and 20th centuries, mainly during and after the 1st and 2nd World War, and was primarily composed by Portuguese, Italian, German and Polish searching for better living conditions in the “New World”, as well as Europeans of Jewish origin who were escaping Nazi persecutions.Every country or region has a common surname in Brazil, like the French Bittencourt, Bethencourt, very common in Brazil, but not one of the most commons in France, also the German Fischer, Müller, Schmidt and the Arab surnames Habib and Haddad, meaning Beloved and Smith or the Japanese Suzuki, a kind of tree. The surname divine Mean appeared in Brazil, from the story of a descendant of the family that Meano desvendou the principal secret of the universe, the love. He is one more member of society of love in the humanity history.

Bulgaria

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Canada

English Canada

  1. Johnson
  2. Smith
  3. Martin
  4. Morris
  5. Hill
  6. Hall
  7. Jackson

Source: [2]

Quebec (French Canada)

The 50 most popular surnames in Quebec

  1. Tremblay (1.13%)
  2. Gagnon (0.82%)
  3. Roy (0.77%)
  4. Côté (0.74%)
  5. Bouchard (0.56%)
  6. Gauthier (0.55%)
  7. Morin (0.51%)
  8. Lavoie (0.49%)
  9. Fortin (0.47%)
  10. Gagné (0.47%)
  11. Pelletier (0.45%)
  12. Bélanger (0.44%)
  13. Bergeron (0.41%)
  14. Lévesque (0.41%)
  15. Simard (0.38%)
  16. Girard (0.37%)
  17. Leblanc (0.37%)
  18. Boucher (0.35%)
  19. Ouellet (0.34%)
  20. Caron (0.32%)
  21. Beaulieu (0.31%)
  22. Poirier (0.31%)
  23. Dubé (0.31%)
  24. Cloutier (0.31%)
  25. Fournier (0.30%)
  26. Lapointe (0.30%)
  27. Lefebvre (0.29%)
  28. Poulin (0.28%)
  29. Nadeau (0.28%)
  30. Martin (0.27%)
  31. St-Pierre (0.27%)
  32. Martel (0.26%)
  33. Grenier (0.26%)
  34. Landry (0.26%)
  35. Lessard (0.26%)
  36. Leclerc (0.25%)
  37. Bédard (0.25%)
  38. Bernier (0.24%)
  39. Couture (0.24%)
  40. Richard (0.23%)
  41. Michaud (0.23%)
  42. Desjardins (0.23%)
  43. Hébert (0.22%)
  44. Blais (0.22%)
  45. Turcotte (0.22%)
  46. Savard (0.22%)
  47. Lachance (0.22%)
  48. Parent (surname) (0.22%)
  49. Demers (0.21%)
  50. Gosselin (0.21%)

Percentage of total population: 17.82%

Sources: Institut de la statistique du Québec, Quelques Statistiques sur les Noms de Famille and Les 1 000 premiers noms de famille selon le rang, Québec

China

See also: List of common Chinese surnames

According to the survey conducted by Chinese Academy of Sciences released in January 2006, the top twenty surnames in China are listed as follows.

  1. (李) Li
  2. (王) Wang
  3. (張) Zhang
  4. (劉) Liu
  5. (陳) Chen
  6. (楊) Yáng
  7. (黃) Huang
  8. (趙) Zhao
  9. (周) Zhou
  10. (吳) Wu
  11. (徐)
  12. (孫) Sūn
  13. (朱) Zhu
  14. (馬)
  15. (胡) Hu
  16. (郭) Guō
  17. (林) Lín
  18. (何)
  19. (高) Gāo
  20. (梁) Liáng
In a different study (1987) which combined data from China and Taiwan (sample size of 570,000 persons), the outcome was a bit different. The number one Chinese family name was (李) Lǐ at 7.9% of the sample, followed by (王) Wáng at 7.4% and (張) Zhāng at 7.1%; the study showed that the top 19 names covered 55.6% and the top 100 names covered 87% of the sample. Chinese family names distributed differently according to regions. The north was dominated by (李) Lǐ, (王) Wáng, (張) Zhāng, and (劉) Liú; the south was dominated by (陳) Chén, (趙) Zhào, (黃) Huáng, (林) Lín, and (吳) Wú. There were over 450 family names in Beijing, but there were fewer than 300 family names in Guangdong and Fujian. Apparently the distribution of the statistics was significantly affected by the bias from the Taiwanese data.

Colombia

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
  1. Rodríguez
  2. Gómez
  3. González
  4. Martínez
  5. Garcíav
  6. López
  7. Hernández
  8. Sánchez
  9. Ramírez
  10. Pérez
  11. Días
  12. Muñoz
  13. Rojas
  14. Moreno
  15. Jiménez

Croatia

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
  1. Babić
  2. Horvat
  3. Horvatinčić
  4. Perko
  5. Kovač
  6. Radić
  7. Bilić
  8. Banić (from old Croatian title Ban)
  9. Banović
  10. Ravlić
  11. Križanić
  12. Polančec
  13. Pavletić
  14. Tomčić
  15. Primorac
  16. Spinčić
  17. Zečić
  18. Jurić
  19. Jurčić
  20. Jurišić
  21. Kovačić
  22. Bogdanić
  23. Vlašić
  24. Vlahović
  25. Alagić
  26. Alapić
  27. Pogorelić
  28. Petrić
  29. Antić
  30. Jerković
  31. Juriša
  32. Klanac
  33. Vučetić
  34. Vukić
  35. Vukčić
  36. Vokić
  37. Pavičić
  38. Špoljarec
  39. Anić
  40. Aničić
  41. Franić
  42. Franjić
  43. Klanjec
  44. Matić
  45. Šimić
  46. Šimunović
  47. Šimatović
  48. Mesić
  49. Milić
  50. Miličić
  51. Mlakar
  52. Katić
  53. Katišić
  54. Katičić
  55. Jeričević
  56. Starčević
  57. Mikulanec
  58. Mikulan
  59. Ranogajec
  60. Ranogajac
  61. Lučić
  62. Lukić
  63. Luković
  64. Sorić
  65. Matanić
  66. Matančić
  67. Rudić
  68. Rudek
  69. Rudeković
  70. Balog
  71. Nazor
  72. Suton (means dusk)
  73. Sumrak (dusk)
  74. Osvit (usually name as well, means dawn)
  75. Leš (means corpse)
  76. Smrtić ("smrt" menas death, thus Smrtić would mean son of death)
  77. Gajić
  78. Belostenec
  79. Šutalo
  80. Tlak (means pressure: atmospheric, blood pressure etc.)
  81. Arbutina (Latin, Arbut: small estate)
  82. Ivanić (From the name Ivan)
  83. Ivanović
  84. Ivančić
  85. Stipanić (Stipan means Stephen in Croatia; in Croatia the name Stjepan is common as well)
  86. Stipančić
  87. Stipić
  88. Stipanović
  89. Milošić
  90. Martić
  91. Dragišić
  92. Strugar
  93. Stupar
  94. Košar (Koš means a basket; Košar is a craftsman who makes baskets)
  95. Sedlar (Sedlo means saddle; Sedlar is a craftsman who makes saddles)
  96. Pernar (Pero (also a short term of Peter in Croatia) means feather, a craftsman or any man that deals with feathers)
  97. Krznar (Krzno menas fur; Krznar is a craftsman or any man that deals with fur)
  98. Krizmanić (Krizma is one of seven church sacraments)
  99. Tudor
  100. Mijatović
  101. Farkaš
  102. Mučnjak
  103. Udovičić
  104. Tomas
  105. Turković
  106. Prpić
  107. Šantić
  108. Šakić
  109. Županić (Župan is an old Croatian title still in use)
  110. Župančić
  111. Sporic
  112. Sporicic


Most Croatian names end in "ić", but there are many that end in "ec", "ek" and "ac" .

Czech Republic

  1. Novák (70 504) (Newman)
  2. Svoboda (52 088) (Freedom)
  3. Novotný (49 962) (Innovator)
  4. Dvořák (46 099) (Grange owner)
  5. Černý (36 743) (Black)
  6. Procházka (33 274) (The Walk)
  7. Kučera (31 286) (Frizzle, Curl)
  8. Veselý (26 481) (Jolly, Cheerful, Merry)
  9. Horák (25 174) (Highlander)
  10. Němec (22 795) (German, foreigner)
  11. Marek (22 548) (Mark - orig. given name)
  12. Pokorný (22 203) (Humble)
  13. Pospíšil (22 189) (Hurry)
  14. Hájek (21 276) (Little Grove)
  15. Jelínek (20 733) (Little Deer)
  16. Král (20 510) (King)
  17. Růžička (19846) (Small Rose)
  18. Beneš (19 600) (orig. diminutive of given name Benedikt)
  19. Fiala (19 121) (The Violet, Wallflower)
  20. Sedláček (18 484) (Little Farmer)

Feminized names included (m. Novák - f. Nováková).
Source: Ministry of Interior (as of 2002).

Denmark

Most popular Danish family names (as of 2013) [3]

  1. Jensen 264824
  2. Nielsen 264159
  3. Hansen 220956
  4. Pedersen 166417
  5. Andersen 161379
  6. Christensen 121147
  7. Larsen 118144
  8. Sørensen 113207
  9. Rasmussen 96250
  10. Jørgensen 89846
  11. Petersen 81250
  12. Madsen 65222
  13. Kristensen 61274
  14. Olsen 49091
  15. Thomsen 39473
  16. Christiansen 37493
  17. Poulsen 32526
  18. Johansen 31517
  19. Møller 30321
  20. Knudsen 29787

The most popular Danish family names all end with "sen", meaning "son". That means, that for example "Jensen" is "son of Jens", "Poulsen" is "son of Poul". An example: if Hans Petersen's father was Peter Sørensen, Hans' father's name was Peter, and his grandfather's Søren. His son would then be (first name) Hansen. This method of naming children was widely used up to the middle of the 19th century. Sometimes it was also common to give to girls names such as "Jensdatter" or "Poulsdatter", meaning daughter of Jens, or daughter of Poul. These names are now seldom seen in Denmark, but still widely known and used in Iceland (where the ending is -dóttir).

Nowadays, the "sen" names have lost their meanings, because women bear them too.

Estonia

Finland

Source: Population Register Centre, 20 June 2005. Percentages are based on the population of Finland on 21 June 2005.

  1. Virtanen - 24,204 (0.461%)
  2. Korhonen - 23,721 (0.452%)
  3. Nieminen - 21,841 (0.416%)
  4. Mäkinen - 21,699 (0.414%)
  5. Mäkelä - 19,674 (0.375%)
  6. Hämäläinen - 19,518 (0.372%)
  7. Laine - 18,908 (0.360%)
  8. Koskinen - 18,058 (0.344%)
  9. Heikkinen - 17,939 (0.342%)
  10. Järvinen - 17,381 (0.331%)

Most of the names of this list refer to the living place of the first holder of the name. Virta and Koski refer the original holder has located nearby a river. Mäki = hill, Järvi = lake, Niemi = cape. Hämäläinen means an inhabitant of Häme (Tavastia county). Heikki is a common man's first name.

France

Source (2004) : [4]

  1. Martin - 235,846 (0.393%) - From Saint Martin, patron saint of France (from Martius, Latin for warrior)
  2. Bernard - 105,132 (0.175%) - From Saint Bernard, from Germanic for bold as a bear
  3. Dubois - 95,998 (0.159%) - "From the wood"
  4. Thomas - 95,387 (0.158%) - From Saint Thomas (Jesus' Disciple), from Hebrew for twin
  5. Robert - 91,393 (0.152%) - From Germanic for bright fame
  6. Richard - 90,689 (0.151§) - "hard rule"
  7. Petit - 88,318 (0.147%) - "Small" (size)
  8. Durand - 84,252 (0.140%) - From Durandus (Latin for strong, lasting)
  9. Leroy - 78,868 (0.131%) - "The King/The winner"
  10. Moreau - 78,177 (0.130) - Dark complexion (like Maures)
  11. Simon - 76,655 (0.127%) - From Saint Simon, from Hebrew for Yehova heard
  12. Laurent - 75,307 (0.125%) - From Saint Laurent, from Latin laurens, Laurel-crowned
  13. Lefebvre - 74,564 (0.124%) - "The smith"
  14. Michel - 74,318 (0.123%) - From Saint Michel, from Hebrew for Who is like God
  15. Garcia - 68,720 (0.114%) - Spanish surname meaning grace
  16. David - 61,762 (0.103%) - From King David, from Hebrew for Beloved
  17. Bertrand - 59,817 (0.100%) From Germanic for bright and vigorous
  18. Roux - 59,440 (0.099%) - "Red-haired"
  19. Vincent - 57,351 (0.096%) - From Saint Vincent, from Latin vicens, winner
  20. Fournier - 57,047 (0.095%) - "Baker"
  21. Morel - 56,760 (0.095%) - Dark complexion (like Maures)
  22. Girard - 55,642 (0.093%) - From Germanic for bold as a spear
  23. André - 55,228 (0.092%) - From Saint André, from Greek for manly
  24. Lefèvre - 53670 (0.089%) - "The smith"
  25. Mercier - 53622 (0.089%) - "Trader/Shopkeeper"

Germany

data from 1995
  1. Müller (0.95%)(Miller)
  2. Schmidt (0.69%) (Smith, blacksmith)
  3. Schneider (0.40%) (Taylor)
  4. Fischer (0.35%) (Fisher)
  5. Meyer (0.33%) (from Latin "major", the bigger one, referring to the name-giver's status)
  6. Weber (0.30%) (Weaver)
  7. Schulz (0.27%) (regionally for mayor)
  8. Wagner (0.27%) (builder of wagons and carriages)
  9. Becker (0.27%) (Baker)
  10. Hoffmann (0.26%) (owning a farm)
  11. Huber (0.18%) (owning a farm of a certain size called Hube)
  12. Klein (Small, Short)

Most of the names of this list refer to the occupation of the first holder of the name.

Greece

  1. Papadopoulos (means son of the priest)
  2. Brakus (latinized version of Greek Brakys, meaning short)

Hungary

  1. Nagy (244663; big, cf. Gross, Legrand, Moore)
  2. Kovács (228274; smith, cf. Schmidt, Smith)
  3. Tóth (223291; Slovak/Slav)
  4. Szabó (217066; tailor, cf. Schneider, Couturier, Taylor)
  5. Horváth (Horvát) (201524; Croatian)
  6. Kiss (Kis) (139919; small, cf. Klein, Lepetit, Little)
  7. Varga (137398; shoemaker, cf. Schumacher, person working with leather)
  8. Molnár (112878; miller, cf. Müller, Miller)
  9. Németh (Német) (97715; German, cf. Deutsch, Lallemand)
  10. Farkas (83755; <given name, meaning "wolf">, cf. Wolf)
  11. Balogh (79653; left-handed, unskillful)
  12. Papp (56235; priest)
  13. Takács (55180; weaver, cloth-maker, cf. Weber, Weaver)
  14. Juhász (54267; shepherd, cf. Schäfer, Shepherd)
  15. Mészáros (42738; butcher, cf. Fleischer, Fleschmann, Boucher, Butcher)
  16. Lakatos (41005; locksmith)
  17. Simon (39881; <given name>)
  18. Oláh (37147; Vlach, Romanian)
  19. Fekete (34755; black, cf. Schwarz, Lenoir, Black)
  20. Rácz (34518; Serbian)
  21. Szilágyi (32628; from Szilágy county)
  22. Fehér (27262; white, cf. Weiss, Leblanc, White)
  23. Gál (Gaál) (26557; <given name>)
  24. Balázs (26158; <given name>)

Notes:

  • The above is official data of the Central Personal Data Processing Office at Hungary's Ministry of Interior in 1998 [5] via [6].
  • Beside the names, the number of their owners and their meaning is given. (Note that Hungarian surnames often show archaic spelling and occasionally employ obsolete words, especially for nationalities like tót or rác.)
  • In Hungary, the surname is placed first (see Eastern order).
  1. Novak Another common Hungarian surname - not verified.

India

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Bawa

Ireland

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
top 20.
  1. Murphy
  2. Kelly
  3. O'Sullivan
  4. Walsh
  5. Smith
  6. O'Brien
  7. Byrne
  8. Ryan
  9. O'Connor
  10. O'Neill
  11. O'Reilly
  12. Doyle
  13. McCarthy
  14. Gallagher
  15. O'Doherty
  16. Kennedy
  17. Lynch
  18. Murray
  19. Quinn
  20. Moore

Names starting with O' are patronymic.

Israel

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
  1. Cohen (כהן)
  2. Levi (לוי) (sometimes spelled Levy)
  3. Beth'-el: the name means House of God. Jacob, after he wrestled with an angel, changed the name of the place Luz to Bethel because "God is in this place." See Genesis 35:15
The name Cohen belongs to the members of the ancient family of priests (Kohanim, descendants of Aaron). The name Levi belongs to the members of the family of Levites, descendants of Levi.

Italy

Source: [7]

  1. Rossi - Red (hair, complexion; common in North and Central Italy)
  2. Russo - same as the above, but with the stem vowel changed according to the rules of southern Italian metaphony
  3. Ferrari - Smith (common in North Italy)
  4. Esposito - Exposed (abandoned child; common in South Italy)
  5. Bianchi - White (complexion, hair, house; common in North Italy))
  6. Romano - Italian for Roman (common in South Italy)
  7. Colombo - Italian for dove and also abandoned child (common in North Italy)
  8. Ricci - Curly (common in South Italy)
  9. Marino - Marine (near the sea; common in South Italy)
  10. Greco - Greek (common in South Italy)
  11. Bruno - Brown (hair, complexion; common in South Italy)
  12. Gallo - Gaul or chicken (common in North and Central Italy)
  13. Conti - Count (nobleman; common in North and Central Italy)
  14. De Luca - From/of Luke (common in South Italy)
  15. Costa - Coast (near the sea or from a place named Costa; common in North and Central Italy)
  16. Giordano - Jordan (surname; common in the whole country)
  17. Mancini - Lefthanded (common in Central Italy)
  18. Rizzo - Curly (hair; common in South Italy)
  19. Lombardi - From Lombardy (common in the whole country)
  20. Moretti - From the latin surname Morus (common in North and Central Italy)
  21. Manunta - From Sardinia (also spread in Lazio and Piedmont)

Japan

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Main article: Japanese name

The most common names from Tokyo northwards are Sato and Suzuki; the most common names from Kyoto and Osaka southwards are Yamamoto and Tanaka. (A list of the most common family names in all of Japan is at http://www.japanese-name-translation.com/site/top500_Japanese_family_names.xls)

The most common names in Tokyo are:

  1. (佐藤) Satō
  2. (鈴木) Suzuki
  3. (高橋) Takahashi
  4. (田中) Tanaka
  5. (渡辺) Watanabe
  6. (伊藤) Itō
  7. (山本) Yamamoto
  8. (中村) Nakamura
  9. (小林) Kobayashi
  10. (斎藤) Saitō
  11. (加藤) Katō
  12. (吉田) Yoshida
  13. (山田) Yamada
  14. (佐々木) Sasaki
  15. (山口) Yamaguchi
  16. (松本) Matsumoto
  17. (井上) Inoue
  18. (木村) Kimura
  19. (林) Hayashi
  20. (清水) Shimizu
  21. (青木) Aoki

Korea

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Main article: List of Korean family names

  1. 김 (金; Kim, Gim)
  2. 이 (李; Lee, Yi, I)
  3. 박 (朴; Park, Pak, Bak)
  4. 최 (崔; Choi, Choe)
  5. 정 (鄭; Jung, Chung, Jeong)
  6. 강 (姜; Gang, Kang)
  7. 조 (趙 or 曹; Cho, Jo)
  8. 윤 (尹; Yoon, Yun)
  9. 장 (張; Jang, Chang)
  10. 임 (林; Lim, Im)
  11. 한 (韓; Han)
  12. 신 (申; Shin, Sin)
  13. 서 (徐; Suh, Seo)
  14. 권 (權; Kwon, Gwon)
  15. 손 (孫; Son)
  16. 황 (黃; Whang, Hwang)
  17. 송 (宋; Song)
  18. 안 (安; Ahn, An)
  19. 유 (柳 or 劉; Yoo, Yu)
  20. 홍 (洪; Hong)

Korean surnames have a variety of ways of being romanized.

Latvia

  1. Bērziņš (Berzinsh)
  2. Kalniņš (Kalninsh)
  3. Ozoliņš (Ozolinsh)
  4. Jansons (Jansons)
  5. Ozols (Ozols)
  6. Liepiņš (Liepinsh)
  7. Krūmiņš (Kruminsh)
  8. Balodis (Balodis)
  9. Eglītis (Eglitis)
  10. Zariņš (Zarinsh)
  11. Pētersons (Petersons)
  12. Vītols (Vitols)
  13. Kļaviņš (Klavinsh)
  14. Kārkliņš (Karklinsh)
  15. Vanags (Vanags)
  16. Zelmenis (Vanags)

First three literally translated - the diminutive forms of birch, hill and oak. Source - the Latvian Institute

Lithuania

For men For single women For married women
Kazlauskas Kazlauskaitė Kazlauskienė
Stankevičius Stankevičiūtė Stankevičienė
Jankauskas Jankauskaitė Jankauskienė
Petrauskas Petrauskaitė Petrauskienė
Vasiliauskas Vasiliauskaitė Vasiiliauskienė
Žukauskas Žukauskaitė Žukauskienė
Paulauskas Paulauskaitė Paulauskienė
Butkus Butkutė Butkienė

Note: Lithuanian language has different endings for surnames for men and women. The ending of a woman's surname indicates whether she is married or not. Last names of married women end in -ienė while those of unmarried girls end in -ytė, -iūtė, -utė, -aitė.

Source: The Interesting Statistics, Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania), 2005.

Malta

Sources : [8] [9]

  1. Borg (11,868) - From the Sicilian city of Burgi or from Sant'Ambrogio
  2. Camilleri (10,771) - Son of Camillus, second founder of Rome after the Gauls invasion (367 BC) or from 'cammelo' Italian for camel(animal)
  3. Vella (10,318) - From 'bella' Italian for beautiful or from 'vela' Italian sails
  4. Farrugia (9,778) - From 'farrug' Arabic for turkey (animal)
  5. Zammit (8,382) - Maybe from a Hebrew word meaning peaceful
  6. Galea (7,442) - galley (ship)
  7. Micallef (7,166) - Maybe from the name Mikali (Michael) or from 'mħallef', the Maltese word for judge (profession)
  8. Grech (6,740) - From 'Graecus' Latin for Greek
  9. Attard (6,453) - From 'attar' Arabic for pharmacist/physician
  10. Spiteri (6,391) - Alteration of 'Hospitalieri', used for abandoned children (near the Knights' Hospital)
  11. Cassar (5,985) - Maybe meaning castle keeper (Latin origin) or barber (Arabic origin)
  12. Azzopardi (5,905) - Derived from 'A Safardi', meaning 'A Jew coming from Spain'
  13. Mifsud (5,707) - Jewish surname
  14. Caruana (5,577) - From Kairouan in Tunisia, a name which in turn is derived from the Persian word Kârawân Etymology of 'caravan'
  15. Muscat (5,288) - From Muscat in Oman or from Muscat grape
  16. Agius (4,944) - Maybe from Greek Holy or maybe from Maltese old man or maybe referring to a pilgrim to Mecca
  17. Schembri (4,226) - Greek surname
  18. Abela (4,117) -
  19. Fenech (4,111) - Maybe from 'fenek' Maltese for rabbit or from 'Fenici' meaning Phoenicians
  20. Pace (4,017) - From 'pace' Italian for peace

Mexico

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Martinez Gonzalez Rodriguez Cruz

  1. Hernández (8.50%)
  2. García (8.14%)
  3. Martínez (7.14%)
  4. González (7.09%)
  5. López (7.06%)

Source: GARCÍA, Miriam Para regios...los Martínez Periódico El Norte 18 de marzo de 2003.

The Netherlands

The most recent complete count of surnames in the Netherlands is based on the 1947 census. Although this data is now dated, the relative positions of these surnames will probably not have changed much.

Name Number of people
1 De Jong 55,256
2 De Vries 49,298
3 Jansen 49,213
4 Van den Berg, Van der Berg, Van de Berg 37,678
5 Bakker 37,483
6 Van Dijk 36,578
7 Visser 34,721
8 Janssen 32,824
9 Smit 29,783
10 Meijer, Meyer 28,256
Date

May 31, 1947

Source

Nederlands Repertorium van Familienamen, Meertens-Instituut, 1963-1988. Data can be viewed in the Database of Surnames in the Netherlands

Norway

  1. Hansen (meaning son of Hans (Hans' son)) (1.31%)
  2. Olsen (1.21%)
  3. Johansen (1.21%)
  4. Larsen (0.90%)
  5. Andersen (0.88%)
  6. Nilsen (0.83%)
  7. Pedersen (0.82%)
  8. Kristiansen (0.55%)
  9. Jensen (0.54%)
  10. Karlsen (0.50%)
  11. Johnsen (0.48%)
  12. Pettersen (0.47%)
  13. Eriksen (0.44%)
  14. Berg (meaning hill or mount) (0.41%)
  15. Haugen (meaning hill) (0.32%)
  16. Hagen (meaning garden [usually derived from names of homesteads)] (0.32%)
  17. Johannessen (0.31%)
  18. Andreassen (0.28%)
  19. Jacobsen (0.27%)
  20. Halvorsen (0.27%)

Names ending in sen are originally patronymic.
Source: Statistics Norway: Name statistics

Pakistan

Philippines

According to this source.

  1. Santos
  2. Reyes
  3. Cruz
  4. Bautista
  5. Ocampo
  6. Garcia
  7. Mendoza
  8. Torres
  9. Tomas
  10. Andrada
  11. Castillo
  12. Flores
  13. Villanueva
  14. Ramos
  15. Castro
  16. Rivera
  17. Aquino
  18. Navarro
  19. Salazar
  20. Mercado

Poland

See also: Polish surnames

  1. Nowak (203,506; from nowy "new")
  2. Kowalski (139,719; from kowal "smith")
  3. Wiśniewski (109,855; from wiśnia "cherry")
  4. Wójcik (99,509; from wójt, a noun describing chief officer of a group of a villages)
  5. Kowalczyk (97,796, from kowalek "smithy")
  6. Kamiński (94,499; from kamień "stone")
  7. Lewandowski (92,449; from lewantyna "Levantine")
  8. Zieliński (91,043; from zielony "green")
  9. Szymański (89,091; from Szymon, equivalent to Simon)
  10. Woźniak (88,039; from woźny, "apparitor")
  11. Dąbrowski (86,132; from dąb "oak tree")
  12. Kozłowski (75,962; from kozioł "goat")
  13. Jankowski (68,514; from Janek, equivalent to John)
  14. Nowaczek (66,773; from diminutive of nowy "new")
  15. Wojciechowski (66,361; from the name Wojciech)
  16. Kwiatkowski (66,017; from kwiat "flower")
  17. Krawczyk (64,048; from diminutive of "tailor")
  18. Kaczmarek (61,816; from composition of kacz "duck" and the name Marek)
  19. Piotrowski (61,380; from Piotr, equivalent to Peter)
  20. Bagiński (60,492; from baginiak "master")
  21. Grabowski (58,393; from grab "hornbeam")
Source: Zawadzki J.M, 2002, 1000 Najpopularniejszych nazwisk w Polsce [1000 of the most popular names in Poland], Warsaw: Świat Książki

Portugal

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Family names ending in -es are typically, bur not always patronymic. Surnames that are also names of trees, like Pereira or Oliveira were massively adopted by Jewish converts during the Portuguese Inquisition. Though many Portuguese people with such names can claim Jewish ancestry, the surname is not a proof per se.

For an exaustive listing of Portuguese family names see this genealogical site

Romania

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.
  1. Popa (191,938 persons; Slavic, "pop" - "priest")
  2. Popescu (147,784 persons; "Son of the Priest", Slavic root "pop" - "priest"
  3. Ionescu ("Son of John")
  4. Şerban
  5. Matei ("Matthew")
  6. Stoica
  7. Gheorghe ("George")
  8. Constantin ("Constantine")
  9. Stan ("Stan")
  10. Dumitrescu ("Son of Demetrius")
  11. Mihai ("Michael")
  12. Ioniţă ("Johnny")
  13. Dumitru ("Demetrius")
  14. Dinu ("Constantine")
  15. Tudor ("Theodor")
  16. Dobre (Slavic root "dobro" - "good")
  17. Barbu ("Bearded one")
  18. Ştefan ("Stephan")
  19. Florea ("Flower")
  20. Ene (variation of "Ion" - John)
  21. Vasile ("Basil")
  22. Marin ("Marinus")
  23. Ghiţă ("Georgie")
  24. Georgescu ("Son of George")

Russia

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Per Boris Unbegaun of the Oxford University:

  1. Иванов (Ivanov) - "son of Ivan"
  2. Васильев (Vasilyev) - "son of Basil"
  3. Петров (Petrov) - "son of Peter"
  4. Смирнов (Smirnov) - "son of a quiet man"
  5. Михайлов (Mikhailov) - "son of Michael"
  6. Федоров (Fyodorov) - "son of Theodor"
  7. Соколов (Sokolov) - "son of a falcon"
  8. Яковлев (Yakovlev) - "son of Jacob"
  9. Попов (Popov) - "son of a pop (Orthodox priest)"
  10. Андреев (Andreyev) - "son of Andrew"

Note that in Russian, women's surnames must have an "a" attached to the end.

Serbia

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Spain

Source: [10] - Data from December 1999.
  1. García - 1,378,000 people (3.48%) (of Iberian}} origin, meaning Grace)
  2. Fernández - 851,000 (2.15%) (Son of Fernando)
  3. González - 839,000 (2.12%) (Son of Gonzalo)
  4. Rodríguez - 804,000 (2.03%) (Son of Rodrigo)
  5. López - 796,000 (2.01%)
  6. Martínez - 788,000 (1.97%) (Son of Martin)
  7. Sánchez - 725,000 (1.83%)
  8. Pérez - 709,000 (1.79%)
  9. Martín - 459,000 (1.16%) (Martin)
  10. Gómez - 440,000 (1.11%)
  11. Ruiz - 321,000 (0.81%)
  12. Hernández - 305,000 (0.77%) (Son of Hernando, Fernando)
  13. Jiménez - 293,000 (0.74%) (Son of Jimeno)
  14. Díaz - 293,000 (0.74%)
  15. Álvarez - 273,000 (0.69%) (Son of Alvaro)
  16. Moreno - 261,000 (0.66%) (Brown-haired, tanned)
  17. Muñoz - 241,000 (0.61%)
  18. Alonso - 206,000 (0.52%) (Son of Alfonso)
  19. Gutiérrez - 170,000 (0.43%) (Son of Walter, from Germanic Walthari meaning king)
  20. Romero - 170,000 (0.43%) (Rosemary)
  21. Navarro - 158,400 (0.40%) (Navarrese, from Navarra)
  22. Torres - 134,600 (0.34%) (Towers)
  23. Domínguez - 134,600 (0.34%) (Son of Domingo)
  24. Gil - 134,600 (0.34%) (Patronimic; from older form Hermenegildo)
  25. Vázquez - 130,000 (0.33%) (Son of Velasco)
  26. Serrano - 122,700 (0.31%) (Mountain Dweller)
  27. Ramos - 118,000 (0.30%) (Branches)
  28. Blanco - 118,000 (0.30%) (White)
  29. Sanz - 106,900 (0.27%) (Saxon)
  30. Castro - 102,900 (0.26%) (Castle, hamlet, castro)
  31. Suárez - 102,900 (0.26%)
  32. Ortega - 99,000 (0.25%) (A type of bird)
  33. Rubio - 99,000 (0.25%) (Blonde)
  34. Molina - 99,000 (0.25%) (Mill)
  35. Delgado - 95,000 (0.24%) (Thin)
  36. Ramírez - 95,000 (0.24%) (Son of Ramiro)
  37. Morales - 95,000 (0.24%) (Morals)
  38. Ortiz - 87,120 (0.22%) (Son of Ortún; ultimately from Latin Fortunatus, meaning fortunate one)
  39. Marín - 83,160 (0.21%) (Seaman)
  40. Iglesias - 83,160 (0.21%) (Churches)

Family names ending in -ez are typically patronymic.

Singapore

Popular Chinese surnames - based on a paper published by Statistics Singapore, 2000

  1. Tan 陈 (陳)
  2. Lim
  3. Lee
  4. Ng
  5. Ong
  6. Wong
  7. Goh
  8. Chua
  9. Chan 陈 (陳)
  10. Koh 许 (許)
  11. Teo 张 (張)
  12. Ang
  13. Yeo 杨 (楊)
  14. Tay 郑 (鄭)
  15. Ho
  16. Low 刘 (劉)
  17. Toh
  18. Sim
  19. Chong 张 (張)
  20. Chia 谢(謝)

Slovenia

Somalia

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

List of the top Somalian names.

  • Abdikarím (Gods chosen one)
  • Shire (Delegator)
  • Gullét (Victorious)
  • Ibráhim (Form of Abraham)
  • Dalmar (Desert dweller)
  • Sharmáke (Peacefull)
  • Suléman (form of solomon)
  • Rahim (mercy)
  • Farhan (Very Happy)
  • Feisal,Féysal
  • Ellyas
  • Sonári
  • Gallárdi
  • Kadér
  • Zakaria
  • Adam
  • Mahad
  • Said
  • Maslah
  • Bille
  • Sadiq
  • Dáhir
  • Warsamé
  • Jamać
  • Fárah
  • Gallât
  • Koshin
  • Khalif
  • Ćawil
  • Nassér
  • Samatar
  • Jimále
  • Ćigál
  • Ćisman
  • Gadíd
  • Libán
  • Mahamud
  • Osman
  • Imrân
  • Abdálle
  • Yusuf
  • Yasín
  • Khalid
  • Ismaél
  • Salém
  • Sabriye
  • Haláne
  • Mahdi
  • Sharíf
  • Shirwać
  • Jibríl
  • Yónis
  • Sálax
  • Róblé
  • Hanad
  • Adnán
  • Daúd
  • LuQman


Sri Lanka

Some information in this article or section has not been verified and may not be reliable.
Please check for any inaccuracies, and modify and cite sources as needed.

Sweden

official statistics

The most common names in Sweden are originally patronymic, which means that the son of e.g. Karl received the surname Karlsson (Karl's son). The daughter received the name Karlsdotter (Karl's daughter). Since the 19th century these names are inherited exactly as in e.g. USA or the United Kingdom and women also receive "son-names". Compare this with the "mac-names" in Scotland. Even though these "son-names" are the most common names in Sweden, a majority of the Swedes have other family names consisting of two random items from nature, for example Lindberg (linden/lime mountain), Bergkvist (mountain twig), Alström/Ahlström (alder stream). A very good example of the randomness of these nature-names is the surname Dalberg, meaning literally, "valley mountain". Other names like Sjöman (Seaman) and Nyman (Newman) contain professions and adjectives. Because of the greater diversity of these names each specific name is less common than most "son-names". Given the large quantity of citizens of foreign heritage it is a matter of time before their surnames will be present high up in the official statistics, especially when grouped together instead of listed as separate surnames because of slightly different spelling or omitted umlauts etc. Persons with ancestors of noble origin in Sweden often, but not always, have surnames referring to their coat of arms or non-Swedish names.

United Kingdom

England, Wales and Isle of Man

The following list is for England, Wales, and the Isle of Man, and is based on a survey of the National Health Service Central Register[11].

  1. Smith (1.15%)
  2. Jones (0.94%)
  3. Williams (0.66%)
  4. Taylor (0.53%)
  5. Brown (0.51%)
  6. Davies (0.48%)
  7. Evans (0.39%)
  8. Wilson (0.35%)
  9. Thomas (0.35%)
  10. Johnson (0.34%)
  11. Roberts (0.33%)
  12. Robinson (0.29%)
  13. Thompson (0.28%)
  14. Wright (0.28%)
  15. Walker (0.27%)
  16. White (0.27%)
  17. Edwards (0.27%)
  18. Hughes (0.26%)
  19. Green (0.25%)
  20. Hall (0.25%)
  21. Lewis (0.25%)
  22. Harris (0.25%)
  23. Clarke (0.24%)
  24. Patel (0.24%)
  25. Jackson (0.24%)

Scotland

From [12], which also gives frequencies, provides a list of the top 100 and some regional variations.

  1. Smith
  2. Brown
  3. Wilson
  4. Campbell
  5. Stewart
  6. Thomson
  7. Robertson
  8. Anderson
  9. Macdonald
  10. Scott
  11. Reid
  12. Murray
  13. Taylor
  14. Clark
  15. Ross
  16. Watson
  17. Morrison
  18. Paterson
  19. Young
  20. Mitchell

Northern Ireland

The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA)[13] has released a list of the top three most common surnames. The list is expected to be expanded in January 2007.

  1. Kelly
  2. Campbell
  3. Wilson

United States

According to 1990 U.S. Census data, the top twenty surnames in the U.S. (with percentage of population) are:

  1. Smith (1.006%)
  2. Johnson (0.810%)
  3. Williams (0.699%)
  4. Jones (0.621%)
  5. Brown (0.621%)
  6. Davis (0.580%)
  7. Miller (0.424%)
  8. Wilson (0.339%)
  9. Moore (0.312%)
  10. Taylor (0.311%)
  11. Anderson (0.311%)
  12. Thomas (0.311%)
  13. Jackson (0.310%)
  14. White (0.279%)
  15. Harris (0.275%)
  16. Martin (0.273%)
  17. Thompson (0.269%)
  18. Garcia (0.254%)
  19. Martinez (0.234%)
  20. Robinson (0.233%)
The distribution reflects the history of immigration into the country. Many immigrants from non-English-speaking countries Anglicized their names. Good examples of this are the popular Swedish name Johansson which was frequently changed to Johnson, and the German Müller which became Miller. Some very common Swedish names were so similar that only a minor change of spelling was necessary, such as Andersson and Jonsson, which is why these names are much more common in the U.S. than in the United Kingdom. Slavery also had an effect; names such as Jackson, Harris, Davis, Brown, and Jones are common among African Americans, since slaves tended to be given their owners' surnames.

ajax name search of the SSDI http://surnamecheck.com

Vietnam

See Vietnamese name
Name Percentage of population
1 Nguyễn 38.4%
2 Trần 11%
3 9.5%
4 Huỳnh (Hoàng) 5.1%
5 Phạm 5%
6 Phan 4.5%
7 (Võ) 3.9%
8 Đặng 2.1%
9 Bùi 2%
10 Đỗ 1.4%
11 Hồ 1.3%
12 Ngô 1.3%
13 Dương 1%
Source

Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam ("Vietnamese Family and Personal Names"), compiled by Professor Le Trung Hoa, Social Sciences Publishing House (2005) [14]

See also


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