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List of state and union territory capitals in India

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Lists relating to Indian states and
territories
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India is divided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories (UTs). States have their own government, whereas union territories are administered by the Central government. As per the Constitution of India, the central government can also empower a union territory with a legislature. As of|2008, two union territories, the National Capital Territory of Delhi and Pondicherry have their own legislatures.

Serial Number State or UT Administrative Capital Legislative capital Judiciary capital Year of establishment Former capital
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Port Blair Kolkata 1956 Calcutta (1945–1956)
2 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 1956 Hyderabad (Hyderabad State),[1] Kurnool (Andhra State)
Andhra Pradesh was formed combining erstwhile Andhra state and region of Hyderabad state). Capital of Andhra state was Kurnool.
3 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1987
4 Assam Dispur Guwahati Guwahati 1975 Shillong

[n 1] (1874–1972)

5 Bihar Patna Patna Patna
6 Chandigarh Chandigarh

[n 2]

Chandigarh 1966
7 Chhattisgarh Raipur Raipur Bilaspur 2000
8 Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa Bombay 1944 Bombay city (1954–1961) Panaji (1961–1987)
9 Daman and Diu Daman Bombay 1987 Ahmedabad (1961–1963) Panaji (1963–1987)
10 National Capital Territory of Delhi Delhi Delhi Delhi 1952
11 Goa Panaji

[n 3]

Porvorim Bombay 1961 Panaji (1961–1987)
12 Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1970 Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
13 Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966
14 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla Shimla 1971 Bilaspur (1950–1956)
15 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar

 (S)
Jammu (W)

Srinagar

 (S)
Jammu (W)

1948
16 Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000
17 Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1956 Mysore
18 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1956
19 Lakshadweep Kavaratti Kavaratti Kochi
20 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur

[n 4] (1861–1956)

21 Maharashtra Bombay

[n 5]
Nagpur (W/2nd)[n 6]

Bombay

 (S+B)
Nagpur (W)[n 7]

Bombay 1818
1960
22 Manipur Imphal Imphal Guwahati 1947
23 Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Guwahati 1970
24 Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972
25 Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963
26 Orissa Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack (1936–1948)
27 Pondicherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Chennai 1954 Madras (1948–1954)
28 Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966 Lahore

[n 8] (1936–1947)
Shimla (1947–1966)

29 Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1948
30 Sikkim Gangtok

[n 9]

Gangtok Gangtok 1975
31 Tamil Nadu Chennai

[n 10]

Chennai Chennai 1688
32 Tripura Agartala Agartala Guwahati 1956
33 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1937
34 Uttarakhand Dehradun

[n 11]

Dehradun Nainital 2000
35 West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1947

References

  1. ^ History of Hyderabad History of Hyderabad, India
  1. ^ Shillong was the joint capital of Meghalaya and Assam in 1971, after Meghalaya split from Assam.
  2. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.
  3. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.
  4. ^ Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950. It became the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950. Nagpur remained the capital of the new state. In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State. Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.
  5. ^ Mumbai / Bombay was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that it became the capital of Bombay State, which was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  6. ^ In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra. Although an official notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.
  7. ^ Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. This session is supposed to specially deal with Vidarbha's problems.
  8. ^ Lahore was the capital of Punjab when the state was created in 1936. It is now a part of Pakistan.
  9. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.
  10. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Tamil Nadu in 1956.
  11. ^ Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttaranchal. The town of Gairsen is being built as the state's new capital.orissa's previous name was kalinga


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at List of state and union territory capitals in India. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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