Lorenzo II de' Medici (1492-1519)

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Lorenzo II de' Medici was born 12 September 1492 in Florence, Republic of Florence, Italy to Piero de' Medici (1472-1503) and Alfonsina Orsini (1472-1520) and died 4 May 1519 in Carregi, Republic of Florence, Italy of unspecified causes. He married Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne (1498-1519) 13 June 1518 . Ancestors are from Italy.

MediciFamily Born in Florence, he was a son of Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici and Alfonsina Orsini. His paternal grandparents were Lorenzo the Magnificent and Clarice Orsini. His maternal grandparents were Roberto Orsini, Conte Tagliacozzo and Catherine San Severino. Niccolò Machiavelli dedicated The Prince to Lorenzo to inform him of tactics to use in unifying Italy, though the entire intent behind this dedication is shrouded in mystery.

His uncle, the Medici, Pope Leo X, made "Lorenzino" duke of Urbino in 1516 at the age of 24. After the short reconquest by the former duke, Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Lorenzo was named commander of the 10,000 men sent to recapture it, but was wounded and retired to Tuscany. Lorenzo regained the duchy by a treaty short in the September of the same year (see also War of Urbino). The territory reverted to the Della Rovere family after Lorenzo's death.

As Duke of Urbino, he married Madeleine de la Tour, daughter of the Count of Auvergne, on June 13, 1518; the marriage produced a daughter, Caterina, who was born 21 days before his death. She went on to become Catherine de' Medici, the famous queen of Henry II of France, in a marriage arranged by her uncle, the Medici pope Pope Clement VII, in his last successful move.

His tomb in the Medici Chapel[1] in the Church of San Lorenzo is ornamented with the Twilight and Dawn of Michelangelo, along with Michelangelo's statue, the Pensieroso, of Lorenzo. Due to the identical name he shares with his grandfather (they are both Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici), whose tomb is also in the Medici chapel, this tomb is often mistaken for that of his grandfather.

On June 13, 1518, Lorenzo married Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, who was from the House of LaTour d'Auvergne; LaTour family from the village of LaTour in the Auvergne Region. They became the parents of Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de' Médici, known as Catherine de' Medici.

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Preceded by
Francesco Maria I della Rovere
Duke of Urbino
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria I della Rovere

--LaTour Genealogical Collection 23:52, 26 August 2008 (UTC)



Offspring of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne (1498-1519)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Caterina de' Medici (1519-1589) 13 April 1519 Florence, Italy 5 January 1589 Blois, France Henri II of Angoulême (1519-1559)

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