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Loudoun County, Virginia

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Loudoun County, Virginia
Motto: "I Byde My Time"
Map of Virginia highlighting Loudoun County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of USA VA
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1757
Seat Leesburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

521 sq mi (1,349 km²)
520 sq mi (1,347 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.24%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

312,311
600.6/sq mi (232/km²)
Website www.loudoun.gov

Loudoun County (play /ˈldən/ LOWD-ən) is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county is estimated to be home to 312,311 people,[1] an 84 percent increase over the 2000 figure of 169,599. That increase makes the county the fourth fastest-growing in the United States during that period. Its county seat is Leesburg.[2] As of 2007, the town had been county seat for 249 of the last 250 years.[3]

As of 2007, Loudoun County has the highest median household income of any county in the United States ($107,207), beating neighboring Fairfax County, Virginia ($105,241).[4] The two counties have been trading places as the highest-income county in the United States in recent years.

File:Loudoun County Fishing.jpg

HistoryEdit

Loudoun County was established in 1757 from Fairfax County. The county is named for John Campbell, Fourth Earl of Loudoun and Governor of Virginia from 1756–59. Western settlement began in the 1720s and 1730s with Quakers, Scots-Irish, Germans and others moving south from Pennsylvania and Maryland and by English and African slaves moving upriver from Tidewater.

By the time of the American Revolution, it was the most populous county in Virginia. During the War of 1812, important Federal documents and government archives were evacuated from Washington and stored at Leesburg for safe keeping. Local tradition holds that these documents were stored at Rokeby House and thus that Leesburg was briefly the capital of the United States.

Early in the American Civil War, the Battle of Balls Bluff took place near Leesburg on October 21, 1861. Future jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. was critically wounded in that battle along the Potomac River. During the Gettysburg Campaign in June 1863, Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart and Union cavalry clashed in the battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville. Confederate partisan John S. Mosby based his operations in Loudoun and adjoining Fauquier County (for a more in-depth account of the history of Loudoun County during the Civil War, see Loudoun County in the American Civil War).

William and Sarah Nettle House Waterford Loudoun County Virginia

William and Sarah Nettle House, Waterford, Loudoun County

Notable peopleEdit

James Monroe constructed and resided at Oak Hill near Aldie after his presidency. American Civil War Brigadier General Robert H. Chilton (Chief of Staff under Robert E. Lee) was a native of Loudoun County. World War II general George C. Marshall resided at Dodona Manor in Leesburg. Essayist and journalist Russell Baker grew up in Morrisonville, Virginia and his book Growing Up highlights his childhood in rural Virginia. Entertainer Arthur Godfrey lived near historic Waterford, Virginia. Loudoun County is also notable for being the birthplace of Julia Neale Jackson, mother of Stonewall Jackson, and Susan Catherine Koerner, mother of the Wright Brothers.[5][6]

Law and governmentEdit

Presidential Election Results
Year Republican Democrat
2008 45.41% 63,336 53.66% 74,845
2004 55.69% 60,382 43.60% 47,271
2000 56.12% 42,453 40.89% 30,938
1996 52.13% 25,715 40.43% 19,942
1992 46.40% 19,290 34.79% 14,462
1988 66.26% 20,448 32.73% 10,101
1984 67.99% 17,765 31.49% 8,227
1980 58.93% 12,076 32.67% 6,694
1976 51.79% 9,192 45.05% 7,995
1972 69.46% 9,417 29.07% 3,941
1968 45.91% 4,577 32.72% 3,262
1964 37.72% 2,594 62.21% 4,278
1960 50.99% 2,526 48.43% 2,399

BackgroundEdit

Loudoun County is one of the most Republican-leaning counties in Northern Virginia. Prior to the 2008 election, it had not voted for a Democrat for President since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In recent years, however, the county has experienced rapid growth in its eastern portion, driven mainly by commuters drawn by the close proximity to Washington, D.C. This has made Loudoun more competitive. Nevertheless, after giving Senator Barack Obama nearly 54% of its presidential vote in 2008, the county shifted back to the GOP in 2009; Republican Robert F. McDonnell received 61% of the gubernatorial vote. Voters also removed two incumbent Democratic delegates, making Loudoun's state House delegation all-Republican.

Like many counties in Virginia, Loudoun is governed by a board of supervisors. The Chairman of the Board is elected by county voters at-large while the remaining supervisors are elected from each of eight electoral districts. All nine members serve concurrent terms of four years. While the board handles policy issues and sets the budget, day-to-day operations of the county government are handled by a County Administrator appointed by the board. The 2003 board, among other officials in Loudoun, was the subject of a federal investigation of possible corruption relating to a land deal involving the Royal Saudi Academy.[7]

Board of SupervisorsEdit

In November 2007 voters removed four incumbent pro-growth Republicans from the existing Board of Supervisors in a backlash over rapid development in the eastern portion of the County. The make-up of the board following the election is five Democrats, two Republicans, and two Independents.[8]

Position Name Affiliation District
  Chairman Scott K. York Republican At-Large
  Vice Chairman Susan Klimek Buckley Democratic Sugarland Run
  Member Sarah R. "Sally" Kurtz Democratic Catoctin
  Member Stevens R. Miller Democratic Dulles
  Member C. Kelly Burk Democratic Leesburg
  Member Andrea C. McGimsey Democratic Potomac
  Member Lori L. Waters Republican Broad Run
  Member Eugene Delgaudio Republican Sterling
  Member Jim G. Burton Independent Blue Ridge

State representationEdit

Virginia House of Delegates
Office Name Party District
Delegate Robert G. Marshall Republican Party 13
Delegate Thomas A. Greason Republican Party 32
Delegate Joe T. May Republican Party 33
Delegate James LeMunyon Republican Party 67
Delegate Thomas D. Rust Republican Party 86
Virginia State Senate
Office Name Party District
Senator Jill Holtzman Vogel Republican Party 27
Senator Mark Herring Democratic Party 33

GeographyEdit

Backroads in Loudoun County

The scenic byways of Loudoun County are spotted with historical structures dating back to before the American Civil War.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Loudoun County has a total area of 521 square miles (1,350 km²), of which 520 square miles (1,346 km²) is land and 1 square mile (3 km²) (0.24%) is water. It is bounded on the North by the Potomac River; across the river are Frederick and Montgomery counties in Maryland; it is bounded on the south by Prince William and Fauquier counties, on the west by watershed of the Blue Ridge Mountains across which are Jefferson County, West Virginia and Clarke County, and on the east by Fairfax County. The Bull Run Mountains and Catoctin Mountain bisect the county. To the west of the range is the Loudoun Valley. Bisecting the Loudoun Valley from Hillsboro to the Potomac River is Short Hill Mountain.

Street addressesEdit

Block numbers in the unincorporated areas of Loudoun County, with the exception of older Sterling Park and the community of CountrySide, are assigned in the following manner: on north-south streets, block numbers increase from north to south and range from 10000 to 29900; on east-west streets, block numbers increase from west to east and range from 30000 to 49900.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

National protected areaEdit

EconomyEdit

Traditionally a rural county, Loudoun's population has grown dramatically since the 1980s. Having undergone heavy suburbanization since 1990, Loudoun has a full-fledged service economy. It is home to world headquarters for several Internet-related and high tech companies, including Verizon Business, Telos Corporation, Orbital Sciences Corporation, and Paxfire. Like Fairfax County's Dulles Corridor, Loudoun County has economically benefited from the existence of Washington Dulles International Airport, the majority of which is located in the county along its border with Fairfax. Loudoun does retain a strong rural economy in the western part of the county. The equine industry has an estimated revenue of $78 Million. It is home to the Morven Park International Equestrian Center which hosts national horse trials. In addition, the county's growing wine industry has produced several internationally recognized wines. Loudoun now has 22 wineries[9] and over 25 active farms. Loudoun has rich soil and was in the late 19th century the fourth-largest wheat producer in the U.S.[10]

MCI, Inc. (formerly WorldCom) is headquartered in Ashburn, Loudoun County. It announced that it would move its headquarters to Ashburn in 2003.[11][12] AOL had its headquarters at 22000 AOL Way in Dulles in unincorporated Loudoun County.[13] In 2007 AOL announced that it would move its headquarters from Loudoun County to New York City; it would continue to operate its Virginia offices.[14] Orbital Sciences Corporation has its headquarters in Dulles.[15]

Before its dissolution, Independence Air (originally Atlantic Coast Airlines) was headquartered in Dulles.[16][17] At one time Atlantic Coast Airlines had its headquarters in Sterling.[18] Prior to its dissolution, MAXjet Airways was headquartered on the grounds of Washington-Dulles International Airport and in Dulles.[19]

Top employersEdit

According to the County's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Loudoun County Public Schools 10,533
2 County of Loudoun 3,304
3 AOL 1,000-5,000
4 MCI 1,000-5,000
5 M. C. Dean 1,000-5,000
6 United States Department of Homeland Security 1,000-5,000
7 United Airlines 1,000-5,000
8 Loudoun Hospital Center 1,000-5,000
9 Orbital Sciences Corporation 1,000-5,000
10 United States Postal Service 1,000-5,000

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 18,962
1800 20,523 8.2%
1810 21,338 4.0%
1820 22,702 6.4%
1830 21,939 −3.4%
1840 20,431 −6.9%
1850 22,079 8.1%
1860 21,774 −1.4%
1870 20,929 −3.9%
1880 23,634 12.9%
1890 23,274 −1.5%
1900 21,948 −5.7%
1910 21,167 −3.6%
1920 20,577 −2.8%
1930 19,852 −3.5%
1940 20,291 2.2%
1950 21,147 4.2%
1960 24,549 16.1%
1970 37,150 51.3%
1980 57,427 54.6%
1990 86,129 50.0%
2000 169,599 96.9%
2010 312,311 84.1%

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 169,599 people, 59,900 households, and 45,044 families residing in the county. The population density was 326 people per square mile (126/km²). There were 62,160 housing units at an average density of 120 per square mile (46/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.79% White, 6.89% Black or African American, 5.35% Asian, 0.21% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.26% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. 5.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.0% were of German, 11.8% Irish, 10.9% English, 9.0% American and 6.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

According to the 2006 American Community Survey 72.0% of Loudoun County's population was white; 7.6% of the population was African-American. 0.1% were Native Americans; Asians were 13.1%. 4.9% of the population was of some other race and 2.3% of people reported being of two or more races. Latinos of any race were 9.7% of the population. 21.0% of the population was foreign born, up from 11.27% in 2000 and 5.67% in 1990.

As of 2000 there were 59,900 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 38.90% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

In August 2008, Census survey data concluded that Loudoun County has the highest median income in the country at just over $107,000.[4] A 2007 estimate indicated that the median income for a household was $104,612, and the median income for a family was $125,381[22]

Government and infrastructureEdit

The National Transportation Safety Board operates the Ashburn Aviation Field Office in Ashburn, an unincorporated area of Loudoun County.[23]

Fire and Rescue services are provided by the Loudoun County Fire and Rescue Department.

TownsEdit

Incorporated townsEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TransportationEdit

BusEdit

Loudoun County operates its own bus public transit system, known as Loudoun County Commuter Bus.

EducationEdit

The county is served by Loudoun County Public Schools (LCPS). LCPS currently serves over 50,000 students from Kindergarten through 12th grade and is currently the fifth largest school system in Virginia.[24][25] While there is a growing trend towards home schooling in the county, the vast majority of school age children in Loudoun County attend LCPS schools. Loudoun County schools recently ranked 11th in the United States in terms of educational achievement versus funds spent.[26] Loudoun County also sends students to Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, a Virginia Governor's School in Alexandria, Virginia.

Loudoun County is home to nine private schools: Loudoun Country Day School, a Pre-K–8 independent school located in Leesburg; Notre Dame Academy, an independent non-denominational day high school in Middleburg; the Foxcroft School, a boarding school for girls located in Middleburg; Dominion Academy, a Non-denominational Christian school, K–8 located in Leesburg; Leesburg Christian School, a K–12 school located in Leesburg; St. Theresa School, a K–8 Roman Catholic school located in Ashburn; Village Montessori School at Bluemont, an accredited Pre-K through Elementary Montessori school located in Bluemont; Christian Faith & Fellowship School, a PreK–12 non-denominational Christian school and Loudoun County's only private school accredited by the Association of Christian Schools International; and Ideal Schools High School, an independent non-demoninational school in Ashburn.

In terms of post-secondary education, Loudoun County is home to a variety of colleges and universities, including: Patrick Henry College; a branch of Northern Virginia Community College in Sterling; George Washington University (satellite campus); George Mason University (satellite campus); Marymount University (satellite campus); Shenandoah University (satellite campus); and Strayer University (satellite campus).[27] Loudoun is also home to the Janelia Farm Research Campus of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

SportsEdit

Club League Venue Established Championships
Loudoun Hounds ALPB Baseball The Dog Yard 2012  

Notable residentsEdit

  • James Monroe (1758–1831) – 5th President of the United States
  • Charles F. Mercer (1788–1858) – Founded village of Aldie; U.S. Congressman from Virginia
  • John L. Dagg (1794–1884) – Baptist theologian, pastor, educator, and president of Mercer University, GA (1844–54)[28][29]
  • John Janney (1798–1872) – Member of the Virginia General Assembly and officer of the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861
  • Stevens T. Mason (1811–1843) – First governor of Michigan (Democrat, 1837–40)[30]
  • Richard Henry Dulany (1820–1906) – Colonel of the 7th Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War
  • Lucien Whiting Powell (1846–1930) – Renowned landscape artist
  • Westmoreland Davis (1859–1942) – Governor of Virginia
  • Billy Mitchell (1879–1936) – Controversial Army officer and military aviation pioneer
  • George Marshall (1880–1959) – General of the Army (5 star), U.S. Secretary of State and author of the "Marshall Plan"
  • Joe Gibbs (1940- ) – Lived just west of Leesburg while coaching the Washington Redskins
  • Arthur Godfrey (1903–1983) – Popular national radio and television personality
  • Pamela Harriman (1920–1997) Daughter-in-law of Sir Winston Churchill and U.S. Ambassador to France
  • Russell Baker (1925- ) – Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Growing Up (1983, Autobiography)[31]
  • Madeleine Albright (1937- ) – U.S. Secretary of State in Clinton Administration
  • Fred Hetzel (1942- ) – Former professional basketball player
  • Oliver North (1943- ) – Former USMC Officer and figure in the Iran-Contra scandal; commentator and host on the Fox network
  • Sheila Johnson (1949- ) – Entertainment and sports entrepreneur and philanthropist.
  • Sandra Lerner (c1953- ) – Entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • Geraldine Brooks (writer) (1955- ) – Pulitzer Prize winning author; moved from Waterford to Martha's Vineyard where she and husband Tony Horowitz currently reside
  • Mark Levin (1957-) – Neoconservative Talk radio host
  • Tony Horwitz (1958- ) – Pulitzer Prize winning author
  • Darrell Green (1960- ) – Former Washington Redskin and inductee to the NFL Pro Football Hall of Fame
  • Patton Oswalt (1969- ) – American stand-up comedian, writer and actor

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]. 2010 U.S. Census Data: Virginia. Retrieved February 16, 2011
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Loudoun Times-Mirror, "Leesburg says county should stay", September 12, 2007, Page A1
  4. ^ a b Income, Earnings, and Poverty Data From the 2007 American Community Survey
  5. ^ Virginia Military Institute Archives, Jackson Genealogy
  6. ^ "Happy Mother's Day, Ms Wright", Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
  7. ^ Loudoun Land Deals Subject of U.S. Probe, The Washington Post, 7 February 2007
  8. ^ Slow-Growth Board Candidates Win, The Washington Post, 7 November 2007
  9. ^ DC's Wine Country, Visit Loudoun
  10. ^ "Early 19th-Century Milling and Wheat Farming", Loudoun History
  11. ^ "MCI Inc - SC 13D/A - LCC International Inc ." Securities and Exchange Commission. March 14, 2003. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  12. ^ "WorldCom to emerge from collapse." CNN. Monday April 14, 2003. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  13. ^ "Company Overview." AOL. February 8, 2008. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
  14. ^ Goldfarb, Zachary and Sam Diaz. "Washington Post - AOL Moving Executives, Headquarters to New York." The Washington Post. Tuesday September 18, 2007. A01. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
  15. ^ "Contact Information." Orbital Sciences Corporation. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  16. ^ "Company Information." Atlantic Coast Airlines. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  17. ^ "Independence Air, Inc." Businessweek. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  18. ^ Standard & Poor's Register of Corporations, Directors and Executives, Volume 2. Standard & Poor's Corp., 1998. 1012. Retrieved on January 31, 2011. "Atlantic Coast Airlines Inc., One Export Dr.. Sterling, VA 20164"
  19. ^ "Contact Us." MAXjet Airways. February 18, 2007. Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  20. ^ County of Loudoun CAFR
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  22. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US51059&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US51%7C05000US51059&_street=&_county=loudoun&_cityTown=loudoun&_state=04000US51&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census Factfinder: Loudoun County
  23. ^ "Regional Offices: Aviation." National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  24. ^ About Loudoun County Public Schools, Loudoun County Public Schools
  25. ^ 2005 Triennial school census, Virginia Department of Education
  26. ^ "Best And Worst School Districts For The Buck". Forbes. 07.05.07. http://www.forbes.com/2007/07/05/schools-taxes-education-biz-beltway_cz_cs_0705schools_2.html. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  27. ^ "Loudoun Guide 2006: Higher Education at Your Fingertips". The Washington Post. 2006. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/metro/usersguides/loudoun/HighEd.html. 
  28. ^ "Biographical Sketch of John L. Dagg"
  29. ^ "John Leadley Dagg 1844-1854 Mercer University Presidents"
  30. ^ "Stevens Thomson Mason Biography (1811–43)"
  31. ^ "Pulitzer Prize Winners 1983"

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°05′N 77°38′W / 39.09, -77.64


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Loudoun County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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