Lower Norfolk County is a long-extinct county which was located in colonial Virginia from 1637 until 1691.
New Norfolk County was formed in 1636 from Elizabeth City Shire, one of the eight original shires (or counties) formed in 1634 in the colony of Virginia by direction of the King of England. New Norfolk County included all the area in South Hampton Roads now incorporated in the five independent cities located there in modern times.
The following year, in 1637, it was divided into Upper Norfolk County and Lower Norfolk County.
In 1963, after approval by referendum of the voters of the City of South Norfolk and the rest of Norfolk County and the Virginia General Assembly, they were combined and reorganized as a new city, ending the threat of additional annexations. The new name selected by the voters was Chesapeake, and so, the new city of Chesapeake, Virginia was created.
Also in 1963, after approval by referendum of the voters of the City of Virginia Beach and the rest of Princess Anne County and the Virginia General Assembly, they were consolidated as an independent city, assuming the better-known name of Virginia Beach.
- This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
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