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Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Województwo dolnośląskie
—  Voivodeship  —
POL woj dolnoslaskie FLAG 2009.svg
Flag
POL woj dolnoslaskie COA 2009.svg
Coat of arms
Dolnoslaskie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Dolnoslaskie powiaty.png
Division into counties
Coordinates (Wrocław): 51°07′N 17°02′E / 51.117, 17.033
Country Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Capital Wrocław
Counties*
Area
 • Total 19,946 km2 (7,701 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,884,248
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,047,151
 • Rural 837,097
Car plates D
Website http://www.umwd.pl/
* further divided into 169 gminas

Lower Silesian Voivodeship, or Lower Silesia Province[1] (in Polish, województwo dolnośląskie [vɔjɛˈvut​͡stfɔ dɔlnɔˈɕlɔ̃skʲɛ]), is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is currently divided. It lies in southwestern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Wrocław, on the middle Odra (Oder) river.

History and Geography Edit

The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Wrocław, Legnica, Wałbrzych and Jelenia Góra Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It covers an area of 19,946 square kilometres (7,701 sq mi), and as at 2006 has a total population of 2,884,248, comprising an urban population of 2,047,151 and rural population of 837,097.

Although much of the region is relatively low-lying it also includes part of the Sudetes mountain range running along the Polish/Czech border. Popular ski resorts in Lower Silesian Voivodeship include Karpacz and Szklarska Poręba in the Karkonosze mountains. The town of Kudowa Zdrój, also in the Sudetes (west of Kłodzko near the Czech border), is a traditional spa town often visited by heart patients. Other important tourist destinations in the voivodeship include the chief city, Wrocław, as well as the towns of Jelenia Góra and Legnica. The town of Boleslawiec is famed for its pottery.

Lower Silesian Voivodeship is bordered by Lubusz Voivodeship to the north-west, Greater Poland Voivodeship to the north-east, Opole Voivodeship to the south-east, the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany, (Federal-State of Saxony) to the west.

EconomyEdit

Wroclaw ulPilsudskiego dworzec PKP

Wrocław Main Station is a major hub for regional logistics

Lower Silesia is one of the richest regions in Poland. GDP per capita in 2007 accounted for 108.7% of the average for the country. GDP per capita in the region is similar to the GDP in the poorest regions of Spain, Greece and Portugal, and slightly lower than the poorest regions of Italy. Since 2005, the voivodeship recorded the highest in the country economic growth rate (around 10% per annum).

GDP per capita in Lower Silesia Voivodeship: GDP in Poland:

GDP per capita in Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Poland
Lower Silesian Voivodeship GDP per capita Poland GDP per capita
2000 10 440$ (+2.8%) 2000 10 140$ (+4.0%)
2005 13 060$ (+4.9%) 2005 12 600$ (+3.5%)
2006 13 700$ (+7.3%) 2006 13 020$ (+6.2%)
2007 14 980$ (+9.5%) 2007 13 760$ (+6.5%)
2008 16 030$ (+7.2%) 2008 14 450$ (+5.0%)
2009 16 350$ (+2.0%) 2009 14 720$ (+1.9%)

Cities and towns Edit

Czarownic1

Wrocław, capital of Lower Silesian Voivodeship

A panoramic view - the castle

Książ Castle near Wałbrzych

Kosciol pokoju w swidnicy wisnia6522

The Church of Peace in Świdnica is a UNESCO world heritage site

The voivodeship contains 91 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006[2] ):

Administrative division Edit

Lower Silesian Voivodeship is divided into 29 counties (powiats), three of which are urban, and the rest rural. These are further divided into 169 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Wrocław 293 635,280 1
Legnica 56 105,485 1
Jelenia Góra 109 86,663 1
Land counties
Wałbrzych County
powiat wałbrzyski
514 184,594 Wałbrzych Boguszów-Gorce, Głuszyca, Szczawno-Zdrój, Jedlina-Zdrój, Mieroszów 9
Kłodzko County
powiat kłodzki
1,643 166,447 Kłodzko Nowa Ruda, Bystrzyca Kłodzka, Kudowa-Zdrój, Polanica-Zdrój, Stronie Śląskie, Lądek-Zdrój, Szczytna, Duszniki-Zdrój, Międzylesie, Radków 14
Świdnica County
powiat świdnicki
743 160,337 Świdnica Świebodzice, Strzegom, Żarów, Jaworzyna Śląska 8
Lubin County
powiat lubiński
712 105,582 Lubin Ścinawa 4
Dzierżoniów County
powiat dzierżoniowski
478 104,852 Dzierżoniów Bielawa, Pieszyce, Piława Górna, Niemcza 7
Oleśnica County
powiat oleśnicki
1,049 103,366 Oleśnica Syców, Twardogóra, Bierutów, Międzybórz 8
Wrocław County
powiat wrocławski
1,116 101,913 Wrocław * Sobótka, Kąty Wrocławskie, Siechnice 9
Zgorzelec County
powiat zgorzelecki
838 94,408 Zgorzelec Bogatynia, Pieńsk, Zawidów, Węgliniec 7
Bolesławiec County
powiat bolesławiecki
1,303 88,343 Bolesławiec Nowogrodziec 6
Głogów County
powiat głogowski
443 87,651 Głogów 6
Trzebnica County
powiat trzebnicki
1,026 77,285 Trzebnica Oborniki Śląskie, Żmigród, Prusice 6
Oława County
powiat oławski
524 71,118 Oława Jelcz-Laskowice 4
Ząbkowice Śląskie County
powiat ząbkowicki
801 69,297 Ząbkowice Śląskie Ziębice, Złoty Stok, Bardo 7
Jelenia Góra County
powiat jeleniogórski
628 63,817 Jelenia Góra * Kowary, Szklarska Poręba, Piechowice, Karpacz 9
Polkowice County
powiat polkowicki
780 61,138 Polkowice Chocianów, Przemków 6
Lubań County
powiat lubański
428 57,061 Lubań Olszyna, Leśna, Świeradów-Zdrój 7
Legnica County
powiat legnicki
745 52,995 Legnica * Chojnów, Prochowice 8
Jawor County
powiat jaworski
581 52,058 Jawor Bolków 6
Środa Śląska County
powiat średzki
704 49,208 Środa Śląska 5
Lwówek Śląski County
powiat lwówecki
710 48,144 Lwówek Śląski Gryfów Śląski, Mirsk, Wleń, Lubomierz 5
Wołów County
powiat wołowski
675 47,445 Wołów Brzeg Dolny 3
Kamienna Góra County
powiat kamiennogórski
396 46,470 Kamienna Góra Lubawka 4
Złotoryja County
powiat złotoryjski
575 45,744 Złotoryja Wojcieszów, Świerzawa 6
Strzelin County
powiat strzeliński
622 44,146 Strzelin Wiązów 5
Milicz County
powiat milicki
715 36,845 Milicz 3
Góra County
powiat górowski
738 36,556 Góra Wąsosz 4
* seat not part of the county

Protected areasEdit

Widoczek 10062005 2

Table Mountains National Park

SzczeliniecWielki

"Hell" on Szczeliniec Wielki (Table Mountains National Park)

Protected areas in Lower Silesian Voivodeship include two National Parks, 12 Landscape Parks and many areas of Natura 2000.



ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  2. ^ http://www.stat.gov.pl/gus/45_655_PLK_HTML.htm

External linksEdit

Template:Silesia topics

Coordinates: 51°05′N 16°24′E / 51.083, 16.4

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lower Silesian Voivodeship. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.