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BiographyLudovika Margareta von Zweibrücken-Lichtenberg was born 9 July 1540 in Ingwiller, Bas-Rhin, France to Jakob von Zweibrücken-Lichtenberg (1510-1570) and Katharina von Honstein (c1518-1570) and died 15 December 1569 in Bouxwiller, Bas-Rhin, France of unspecified causes. She married Philipp V. von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1541-1599) 14 October 1560 JL in Bitche, Moselle, France. Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899), Hugh Capet (c940-996), William I of England (1027-1087), Henry II of England (1133-1189). Ancestors are from France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Russia, Ukraine, Italy, the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Byzantine Empire, Sweden, Belarus.
Her father, Count Jakob of Zweibrücken-Bitsch (1510 – 22 March 1570), was the last male member of the House of Zweibrücken. His older brother, Simon IX Wecker, had already died in 1540. Both Jakob and Simon had only one surviving daughter, Ludowika Margaretha and Amalie, respectively. A dispute over the inheritance ensued between their husbands, Philip V of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Philip I of Leiningen-Westerburg, respectively. The disputed territories include the Lordship of Bitsch, the district and castle of Lemberg, the Lordship of Ochsenstein and half of the Lordship of Lichtenberg (the other half was already held by the Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg). Bitsch was formally a fief of the Duchy of Lorraine and could in theory only be inherited in the male line.
Initially, Philip V appeared successful. However, he immediately introduced the Lutheran faith in his newly gained territory and this made the powerful and Catholic Duke of Lorraine unhappy. The Duke terminated the fief and in July 1572 Lorraine troops occupied the county. Since Philip V's army was no match for Lorraine, he took his case to the Reichskammergericht. During the trial, Lorraine argued that, firstly, a significant part of the territory of Zweibrücken-Bitsch had been obtained in an exchange with Lorraine in 1302 and, secondly, the Counts of Leiningen had sold their hereditary claims to Lorraine in 1573.
In 1604, Hanau-Lichtenberg and Lorraine decided to settle out of court. In a treaty signed in 1606, it was agreed that Bitsch would revert to Lorraine and Hanau-Lichtenberg would retain Lemberg. This was reasonable, as it corresponded approximately to the religious realities of the territories.
|Offspring of Philipp V. von Hanau-Lichtenberg and Ludovika Margareta von Zweibrücken-Lichtenberg (1540-1569)|
|Johanna Sibylle von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1564-1636)||1564||1636|| Wilhelm IV. zu Wied-Runkel (1560-1612)|
|Philipp von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1565-1572)|| |
|Albrecht von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1566-1577)|| |
|Katharine von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1567-1636)|| |
|Johann Reinhard I. von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1568-1625)||13 March 1568 Bitche||19 November 1625 Lichtenberg|| Maria Elisabeth von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1576-1605)|
Common ancestors of Ludovika Margareta von Zweibrücken-Lichtenberg (1540-1569) and Philipp V. von Hanau-Lichtenberg (1541-1599)