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Madison County, Indiana

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Madison County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of USA IN
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Seat Anderson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

452.91 sq mi (1,173 km²)
452.13 sq mi (1,171 km²)
0.78 sq mi (2 km²), 0.17%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

131,636
291/sq mi (112.41/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Website www.madisoncty.com
Footnotes:  

Indiana county number 48

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. It is part of the Anderson, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the population was 131,636. The county seat is Anderson[1].

HistoryEdit

Madison County was formed in 1823. It was named for James Madison, co-author of the Federalist Papers, and fourth President of the United States, from 1809 to 1817.

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 452.91 square miles (1,173.0 km2), of which 452.13 square miles (1,171.0 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 0.78 square miles (2.0 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.[2]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Cities and towns Edit

Anderson-indiana-from-above

Anderson from the air, looking west.

TownshipsEdit

Climate and weather Edit

Climate chart for Anderson, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.09
 
33
18
 
 
2.28
 
38
23
 
 
3.24
 
49
32
 
 
3.84
 
61
41
 
 
4.08
 
72
51
 
 
4.21
 
80
60
 
 
4.28
 
84
64
 
 
3.43
 
82
62
 
 
2.95
 
75
55
 
 
2.77
 
64
44
 
 
3.68
 
50
35
 
 
2.97
 
37
24
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[3]

In recent years, average temperatures in Anderson have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31.1 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.09 inches (53 mm) in January to 4.28 inches (109 mm) in July.[3]

GovernmentEdit

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[4][5]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[4][5]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[5]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[5]

Madison County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 20, 25 and 26;[6] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 35, 36 and 37.[7]

DemographicsEdit

Madison County
Population by year

2010 131,636
2000 133,358
1990 130,669
1980 139,336
1970 138,451
1960 125,819
1950 103,911
1940 88,575
1930 82,888
1920 69,151
1910 65,224
1900 70,470
1890 36,487
1880 27,527
1870 22,770
1860 16,518
1850 12,375
1840 8,874
1830 2,238

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 133,358 people, 53,052 households, and 36,234 families residing in the county. The population density was 295 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 56,939 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.90% White, 7.88% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of American, 20.2% German, 12.4% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 53,052 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,925, and the median income for a family was $46,663. Males had a median income of $35,585 versus $23,719 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,090. About 7.00% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 40°10′N 85°43′W / 40.16, -85.72


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Madison County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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