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Madison County, Kentucky
Madison County, Kentucky courthouse
Madison County courthouse in Richmond
Map of Kentucky highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1785
Named for James Madison
Seat Richmond
Largest city Richmond
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

443 sq mi (1,147 km²)
437 sq mi (1,132 km²)
6.0 sq mi (16 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

82,916
190/sq mi (73/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.madisoncountyky.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 82,916.[1] Its county seat is Richmond.[2] The county is named for Virginia statesman James Madison, who later became the fourth President of the United States.[3]

Madison County is part of the Richmond-Berea, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lexington-Fayette-Richmond-Frankfort, KY Combined Statistical Area.

It is considered a moist county, meaning that although the county prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages (and is thus a dry county), it contains a city where retail alcohol sales are allowed. Nevertheless, two of Richmond's 19 precincts are dry.[4] Alcohol can also be sold by the drink in Berea,[5] Richmond, and at Arlington and The Bull golf clubs.

Madison County is home to Eastern Kentucky University, Berea College, Boone Tavern, and Bybee Pottery,(closed February 2011) one of the oldest pottery operations in the United States.[6] This is also where famous pioneer Daniel Boone lived and built Fort Boonesborough, now a state historic site.

HistoryEdit

Indian trader John Findley, Daniel Boone, and four others first came into the area that is now Madison County in 1769 on a hunting and exploring expedition. In 1774, the Transylvania Company, led by Judge Richard Henderson of North Carolina, purchased 20,000,000 acres (8,100,000 ha) of land west of the Appalachians (including present-day Madison County) from the Cherokee Nation. Daniel Boone was hired to cut a trail through the Cumberland Gap and establish a settlement on the Kentucky River. The settlement at Fort Boonesborough began in April 1775.

In 1785, Madison County was established from land taken from Lincoln County, Virginia.[7][8]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 443 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (1.3%) is water.[9]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,772
1800 10,490 81.7%
1810 15,540 48.1%
1820 15,954 2.7%
1830 18,751 17.5%
1840 16,355 −12.8%
1850 15,727 −3.8%
1860 17,207 9.4%
1870 19,543 13.6%
1880 22,052 12.8%
1890 24,348 10.4%
1900 25,607 5.2%
1910 26,951 5.2%
1920 26,284 −2.5%
1930 27,621 5.1%
1940 28,541 3.3%
1950 31,179 9.2%
1960 33,482 7.4%
1970 42,730 27.6%
1980 53,352 24.9%
1990 57,508 7.8%
2000 70,872 23.2%
2010 82,916 17.0%
Est. 2016 89,547 [10] 26.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 70,872 people, 27,152 households, and 18,218 families residing in the county. The population density was 161 per square mile (62 /km2). There were 29,595 housing units at an average density of 67 per square mile (26 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.01% White, 4.44% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 27,152 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90.

By age, 21.90% were under 18, 18.80% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% 65 or older. The median age was 31 years. Both the relatively large 18-to-24 population and the relatively low median age can be explained by the presence of Eastern Kentucky University, and to a considerably lesser extent Berea College. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,861, and the median income for a family was $41,383. Males had a median income of $31,974 versus $22,487 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,790. About 12.00% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 17.10% of those age 65 or over.

ElectionsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.7% 23,431 31.6% 11,793 5.7% 2,147
2012 63.4% 21,128 34.6% 11,512 2.1% 682
2008 60.5% 19,694 38.1% 12,392 1.4% 451
2004 61.6% 18,922 37.5% 11,525 0.9% 260
2000 57.8% 13,682 39.3% 9,309 2.9% 675
1996 48.2% 9,212 42.6% 8,142 9.2% 1,748
1992 43.9% 8,719 40.4% 8,005 15.7% 3,117
1988 59.4% 9,958 39.8% 6,672 0.8% 136
1984 63.1% 11,309 36.3% 6,509 0.6% 108
1980 47.7% 8,437 46.5% 8,208 5.8% 1,026
1976 46.6% 6,581 51.7% 7,299 1.7% 234
1972 65.6% 8,659 32.8% 4,328 1.6% 212
1968 44.8% 5,325 32.7% 3,884 22.5% 2,669
1964 38.1% 6,877 61.4% 4,266 0.5% 57
1960 54.4% 6,692 45.7% 5,621 0.0% 0
1956 50.9% 5,955 48.4% 5,670 0.7% 85
1952 49.8% 5,886 49.9% 5,901 0.2% 28
1948 44.6% 4,619 51.6% 5,344 3.7% 386
1944 48.4% 5,468 51.0% 5,769 0.6% 70
1940 46.9% 5,789 52.5% 6,484 0.5% 67
1936 48.8% 6,034 50.6% 6,259 0.7% 82
1932 45.1% 5,811 54.0% 6,957 0.9% 116
1928 57.0% 6,325 42.7% 4,736 0.3% 29
1924 51.3% 5,276 47.6% 4,895 1.2% 121
1920 51.2% 6,012 48.1% 5,647 0.7% 80
1916 47.6% 3,017 51.9% 3,295 0.5% 32
1912 34.7% 2,094 49.5% 2,992 15.8% 953

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Madison County is served by two school districts:

  • Madison County Schools currently consisting of 10 elementary, 5 middle, and 2 high schools.
  • Berea Independent Schools. currently consisting of 1 elementary, 1 middle, and 1 high school.

Colleges and universitiesEdit

CommunitiesEdit

EconomyEdit

MilitaryEdit

The Blue Grass Army Depot is located just south of Richmond.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Lonnie Napier (1940- ) - former representative for House District 36 in the Kentucky House of Representatives.
  • Dominique Hawkins - basketball player for the University of Kentucky; graduated from Madison Central High School in Richmond.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/60AXRqFcl?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21151.html. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 36. https://books.google.com/books?id=luoxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA36#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ Lanier, Yvette (2007-08-01). "Berea votes down alcohol sales again". Lexington Herald-Leader. http://kentucky.com/454/story/138641.html. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Berea prepares for future with alcohol sales". http://www.richmondregister.com/news/berea-prepares-for-future-with-alcohol-sales/article_53398dc2-67c0-11e5-bc10-e71b29c35519.html. 
  6. ^ Foust, Michele. "200-year-old Kentucky pottery business a sight to see ", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 2007-02-25. Retrieved on February 23, 2009.
  7. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. pp. 26. https://books.google.com/books?id=gZFQAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA26#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  8. ^ "Madison County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. http://www.kyenc.org/entry/m/MADIS02.html. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_21.txt. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ky190090.txt. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 37°43′N 84°17′W / 37.72, -84.28


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